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Now let's explore using tabs and tab stops inside of an iBooks Author document. I'm inside of the Big Sur Retreat section of our Explore California Travel Guide, and for this example, let's go ahead and select all of the text inside of the right-hand side of the page. Then make sure your Inspector is open to the Text tab and then select the Tabs section of that tab. The top three parameters are for the basic paragraph indents, and we can change these parameters by using the up and down arrows or by typing in a value, as we've seen in other movies.
Let's go ahead and start with the first line. Click and hold the up arrow and you'll see that the first line of each paragraph becomes indented. You'll also notice that up here in the Rulers that this small horizontal line, which indicates the first line tab stop, is moving along with these parameters. You can also change the first-line indent by simply clicking and dragging this slider and adjusting the first-line indent to the location that you want. I'll go ahead and drag it back to the left-hand side, which resets the value over here back to 0.
Next, let's look at the Left Indent. Again, I'll use the up arrow to increase the value of the Left Indent. As I do, you'll notice that the effect that's created is what's called a hanging indent, where the first line of the text is still parked out here on the left-hand edge of the text box, but each additional line past the first line of the paragraph is indented according to the value that's set here. In the Rulers, we can see that this small downwards-pointing triangle is what's indicating the left-hand tab stop.
We can once again, click and drag this and it will drag the entire block of paragraph text, and it will keep a relative adjustment compared to the first-line indent. Let's go ahead and move this back into place and then reset the value of this back to 0. We'll hit Enter or Return on our keyboard to accept that new value. The final option for tab stops here in the Inspector is the right-hand tab stop, and once again if we increase the value for that one, it's a little hard to see initially, but the right-hand side is moving.
We can see this effect a little bit more dramatically if we fully justify our text. Now, as before, if we move this triangle at the top, we can see that the right-hand edge is adjusting along with the values in that area. I'll go ahead and drag it back over to the right-hand side, which resets the value back to 0. If we add an additional line of text to the bottom here, by simply clicking in the bottom and hitting Return, and then hit the Tab key, the default spacing for that first tab stop is indicated right here by the default tab stop.
If we want to control where our default tab stop is located, we can simply come up here to our ruler and we can click anywhere in between the first and the ending tab stop and that will automatically create an initial tab stop. We can adjust where that tab stop aligns by moving it, and we'll see a vertical line, which indicates where the tab stop is going to apply that tab to our text down in the bottom. If we want to get rid of a particular tab stop, we can simply grab it and drag it off of our ruler and when we let go, the tab stop disappears in a puff of smoke and the tab stop returns back to the default setting.
I'll go ahead and deleted that tab line. The next option here is for Decimal Tab Character, and that's used to align special characters after a tab has been created. Let's have a look at how to use this. In our Sidebar Details section, we have some specific values in here for our tour price, our bonus night, and our gift pack. And it will be nice if all of these values align so that the decimal places all aligned up. I'll go ahead and click inside that sidebar one time to select it, then click a second time to enter into the sidebar, and then click and make a selection of all three of those lines of text.
Now we'll come over to my Tab Stops section and I'll click the Plus sign at the bottom to create a brand-new tab stop, and I'm going to click Decimal as the type of tab stop that I would like to use. If we look up inside of our ruler now, we can see that there is a new type of tab stop which is this decimal point. We can take and drag that tab stop over to the right-hand side. We'll move it over to approximately 200 pixels. Now nothing is yet changed because we don't have tabs indicated inside of our text. But if we click in between of our Tour Price and the Dollar sign and then simply hit the Tab key, the decimal point is going to a line directly with the decimal point here in our ruler.
We'll repeat that process by inserting a tab in front of the dollar sign for each of these items and now our decimal points all line up. If we want to adjust that, we can simply select all three paragraphs of text, then come up to the top and we grab our decimal point and we can move the text to any location that we would like, and then when we're finished making our move, we can release to make that change to take place. Now something to note: if I move my Inspector over to the side and I notice that my Sidebar Details has a Paragraph Style applied to it and there is a paragraph mismatch, if I were to change these paragraphs settings here to apply the new settings, we would end up removing some of our character styles that we've applied separately.
So we don't want to use paragraphs styles to replicate this. Unfortunately, you'll need to go down to each of the additional pages, click inside of the text box and select it, and apply these custom tab stops to each individual item. We'll go ahead and do one here so you can see how we're doing it. We'll move our decimal place over and then we'll insert our tab stops. Go ahead and repeat that process for the additional sections. In the next movie, we'll finish up with a little more text formatting.
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