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Extruding geometry with edge loops to make necks and ears

From: ZBrush 3 for Windows Essential Training

Video: Extruding geometry with edge loops to make necks and ears

If you want to add geometry to a model, like let's say you wanted to make some ears, or a neck for a head, you can use Edge Loops to make an extrusion to the model. I'm going to demonstrate this by starting out with a very simple Poly Sphere. You can quickly load the Poly Sphere into ZBrush by pressing the Default ZScript button here at the top of the canvas, and this brings back the startup screen, and I'm just going to press on Poly Sphere, and it will load on the canvas already in Edit mode. Now, the first thing that I want to do is lower the Subdivision Level as much as possible on this model, so it can very easily get in there and add geometry to it. So I'm going to go to the Tool palette here, I'm going to expand Geometry, and I'm going to move the Sider all the way down to Level 1. Then to add even lower levels of Subdivision, I'm going to press Reconstruct Subdivision; once, twice, three times. Now I have a very low resolution Poly Sphere.

Extruding geometry with edge loops to make necks and ears

If you want to add geometry to a model, like let's say you wanted to make some ears, or a neck for a head, you can use Edge Loops to make an extrusion to the model. I'm going to demonstrate this by starting out with a very simple Poly Sphere. You can quickly load the Poly Sphere into ZBrush by pressing the Default ZScript button here at the top of the canvas, and this brings back the startup screen, and I'm just going to press on Poly Sphere, and it will load on the canvas already in Edit mode. Now, the first thing that I want to do is lower the Subdivision Level as much as possible on this model, so it can very easily get in there and add geometry to it. So I'm going to go to the Tool palette here, I'm going to expand Geometry, and I'm going to move the Sider all the way down to Level 1. Then to add even lower levels of Subdivision, I'm going to press Reconstruct Subdivision; once, twice, three times. Now I have a very low resolution Poly Sphere.

The other levels of Subdivision are still there, they haven't been removed. I just now have six levels whereas before I only had three. To create an extrusion otherwise known as an Edge Loop, I'm going to start by first turning on Point Select; so my selections are more accurate, and I'm also going to Activate Symmetry. Now, I'm going to press Ctrl and Shift, drag the selection over the top part of the model. So what I want to do is I want to hide everything except for the four polygons on the bottom. So I release the Shift key, release the pen from the digital tablet. Now I just have my four polygons at the bottom of the Poly Sphere.

I'm going to turn on Frame mode, so I can get a better idea of what's going on here. To make an Edge Loop or to extrude these four polygons, all I need to do is press the Edge Loop button, and there we go. We have a loop of polygons added around the original four. Edge Loops only work on visible parts of the model. So just to demonstrate quickly. I'm going to Ctrl+Shift and hide all of these polygons, Ctrl+Shift to drag, lift the Shift key, now I have this section. If I press Edge Loop here, see how the Edge Loop has been created on just the visible parts of the model.

I'm going to press Ctrl+Z to undo that, and bring back the rest of my model. I just wanted to show you that it's only the visible parts that get the Edge Loop. Now that I have my basic neck geometry, I can actually pull this geometry down. To do this, I'm going to Ctrl+Shift+ Click on the upper part, so now I have just this part visible. I'm going to go to the Masking palette, and expand Mask, click on Mask All. That Mask, the visible parts that are on the model, press Ctrl+Shift+Click on the canvas, and now this part is masked, this part is unmasked.

So what that means is I can choose the Move Brush from the Sculpting Brush Library, increase the Draw Size, and then just drag the neck Geometry down. I'm going to shift to a side view here, drag down. Since this upper part is masked, I don't have to worry about it changing if I drag up here, only the parts that are unmasked are being changed.

So how do I add a few more levels of division here? I'm going to clear my mask. I'm going to reduce my Draw Size, and I'm going to Ctrl+Shift+Click just on this middle section right here. Now, that's the only part that's visible. I can press Edge Loop, and look; I have got two loops; one at the top and one at the bottom. The great thing about Edge Loops is that they automatically create Polygroups. So if I Ctrl+Shift+Click on a blank part of the canvas, now you can see I have got even little bit more geometry to work with, and it's all organized into its own Polygroups.

If I Ctrl+Shift+Click on the bottom, I have that Polygroup. Ctrl+Shift+Click on the canvas. If I Ctrl+Shift+Click on this sort of fuschia area, you can see the neck. Just to make it a little bit more accurate. If I Ctrl+Shift+Click on this orange part, I can isolate just the neck area there and just the middle of the neck. I'm going to bring everything back now. I'm going to Ctrl+Shift+Click on this upper part, press Mask All, Ctrl+Shift+ Click on the canvas, raise my Draw Size, use my Move Brush to continue to shape the neck area. You see this kind of thing going on; sometimes that's just the display quirk of ZBrush. If I move the model you can see it fixes itself.

Now I'm going to start to really actually shape a mesh. When you are first starting something like a head, it's always a good idea, or at least I think it's a good idea, the way I work, to work on the lowest level of Subdivision possible, because I really just want to bring in the primary form of the object. If I work at a very high level of Subdivision to begin with, you can find yourself quickly getting lost with all the polygons there that are available to you. I'm going to reduce my Draw Size. I'm just going to start to drag this down till I have my basic neck shape. This edge right here will actually represent the flow of the sternomastoid muscle, that goes from behind the ear to the front of the sterno. I'm just thinking about that as I'm working.

Right here, this area is going to be the back. Since I have Symmetry on, of course all the changes I make from the side view are being mirrored to the other side. So I'm going to switch to the front view and bring this down. Switch to the back view. Start to form a trapezes. It's a little bit easier sometimes to reduce the Draw Size, maybe increase the intensity of the Move Brush. Now, little bit easier to drag those guys around in a very specific way.

We have a bit of a hunchback here, but that's okay, we could fix that; minor surgery. You can see, that's basically one way you can just start adding a neck to a model. Now, I'm going to clear the mask here, and if you notice I'm working on the lowest Subdivision Level and I have added this new geometry; all of this neck stuff was not part of the original Poly Sphere. If I move the levels of Subdivision up, the great part is all that geometry gets subdivided automatically as well. I don't have to do anything additional to it.

If I turn off Frame modes, you will notice that there is a bit of creasing here, in the parts that were subdivided. I can easily switch to the Smooth Brush and then just paint on these to get rid of that creasing. I have a start to my very basic edge shape. Once more I have Polygroups for the neck as well.

Edge Loops are great for extruding areas for necks, extruding parts for ears, or even creating eye sockets in the model; I could create Edge Loops on this area. The only basic rules that you need to remember when working with Edge Loops is Edge Loops are essentially a ring of polygons that are added around the visible portions of a model. So in other words, to create an Edge Loop you have to remember to hide the parts of the model that are not part of the Edge Loop. In other words, all this area right here, so that you only have a few polygons visible. Then press the Edge Loop button and that will create the Edge Loop. Then you will make everything visible again, then you are ready to work with that geometry.

Edge Loops can only be created at the lowest level of Subdivision. So if I wanted to create some ears, I need to go up a level of Subdivision. Now I can drag around this area, so everything withing the green area will be visible. I'm going to let go of my pen on the tablet so I have this area now. If you notice, since I have Symmetry on, I have both sides still visible. Ctrl+Shift drag around here, release the Shift key, Ctrl+Shift drag around here, release the Shift key, release the Shift key, and one more time, release the Shift key, and now I just have this one polygon here and the same one on the opposite side.

Press Edge Loop, now I have got the beginnings of an ear. I can use the Move tool to start dragging these out, and I have something I can work with. That's the basics of getting started working with Edge Loops.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for ZBrush 3 for Windows Essential Training
ZBrush 3 for Windows Essential Training

80 video lessons · 10378 viewers

Eric Keller
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 27s
    1. Welcome
      30s
    2. Using the example files
      46s
    3. Overview
      1m 11s
  2. 26m 18s
    1. Understanding pixols
      1m 58s
    2. Establishing canvas size and color
      2m 30s
    3. Positioning 3D objects
      4m 33s
    4. Working with trays and palettes
      2m 52s
    5. Sculpting models in Edit mode
      3m 12s
    6. Discovering sculpting brushes
      5m 29s
    7. Saving models
      1m 27s
    8. Managing memory in ZBrush
      1m 44s
    9. Setting interface preferences
      2m 33s
  3. 1h 52m
    1. Customizing the startup 3D meshes
      5m 44s
    2. Deforming 3D models
      5m 11s
    3. Activating symmetry
      4m 35s
    4. Creating armatures with ZSphere
      8m 28s
    5. Posing armatures with ZSphere
      8m 54s
    6. Working with levels of detail
      7m 33s
    7. Masking geometry
      5m 43s
    8. Hiding and showing polygons
      6m 29s
    9. Organizing geometry using polygroups
      8m 57s
    10. Extruding geometry with edge loops to make necks and ears
      10m 11s
    11. Creating sharp edges with the Crease tool
      4m 19s
    12. Adding parts to your model with subtools
      5m 18s
    13. Posing models with Transpose pt. 1
      7m 35s
    14. Installing the Subtool Master plugin
      4m 29s
    15. Posing models with Transpose pt. 2
      13m 52s
    16. Installing the Transpose Master plugin
      5m 7s
  4. 58m 51s
    1. Sculpting with brushes
      11m 22s
    2. Choosing stroke types
      2m 20s
    3. Using Lazy Mouse
      4m 28s
    4. Sculpting fine details with alphas
      5m 9s
    5. Creating alphas
      6m 46s
    6. Creating stencils from alphas
      9m 28s
    7. Storing morph targets
      6m 4s
    8. Isolating details with 3D layers
      6m 23s
    9. Building surfaces by extracting meshes
      6m 51s
  5. 1h 13m
    1. Picking colors
      3m 2s
    2. Applying textures
      4m 15s
    3. Creating seamless textures
      3m 8s
    4. Painting models
      7m 51s
    5. Mapping 3D model texture coordinates
      5m 32s
    6. Adding sculpture reference planes
      11m 21s
    7. Applying materials
      4m 10s
    8. Modifying standard materials
      10m 17s
    9. Applying MatCap materials
      2m 22s
    10. Creating MatCap materials
      9m 9s
    11. Creating bump maps
      5m 55s
    12. Painting with photos
      6m 31s
  6. 6m 7s
    1. Exporting models
      2m 30s
    2. Importing models
      3m 37s
  7. 1h 1m
    1. Getting started with 2.5D tools
      5m 10s
    2. Modifying paintbrushes with stroke types
      3m 42s
    3. Positioning strokes and models on the canvas
      5m 14s
    4. Using snapshots
      7m 32s
    5. Understanding ZSub and ZCut
      4m 2s
    6. Creating document layers
      7m 47s
    7. Applying transparency
      3m 23s
    8. Lighting the canvas
      9m 3s
    9. Rendering in ZBrush
      6m 10s
    10. Tuning shadows
      4m 53s
    11. Baking lighting into the graphic
      2m 15s
    12. Creating a sense of depth using fog
      2m 37s
  8. 7m 12s
    1. Recording ZBrush movies
      3m 23s
    2. Using macros and ZScripts
      3m 49s
  9. 20m 50s
    1. Can't rotate or move the model
      1m 0s
    2. Can't sculpt on the model
      59s
    3. Can't adjust the lighting
      47s
    4. Can't control disappearing strokes
      52s
    5. Can't move objects smoothly with the Gyro
      2m 2s
    6. Can't move the model on the canvas
      1m 40s
    7. Can't see some parts of the model
      38s
    8. Can't subdivide the model
      2m 27s
    9. Can't control the pivot of the model
      2m 2s
    10. Can't maintain symmetry
      1m 37s
    11. Can't control subtools
      2m 28s
    12. Can't rotate with Transpose without distorting the model
      1m 51s
    13. Can't activate the Transpose tool
      1m 0s
    14. Can't get rid of blurriness on the mask
      1m 27s
  10. 26s
    1. Goodbye
      26s

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