Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Styling the sidebar

From: WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

Video: Styling the sidebar

Our structure is looking good, our header is looking good, and we just finished with the navigation. So let's finish off styling of our sidebar. The last thing we have to do here are these little boxes over here, so if we look in the Photoshop file, this is what we are trying to accomplish, and now if we look in our index.html file, each of those boxes are within these divs here. Div with a class of widget. So that's what we are going to working with in our CSS.

Styling the sidebar

Our structure is looking good, our header is looking good, and we just finished with the navigation. So let's finish off styling of our sidebar. The last thing we have to do here are these little boxes over here, so if we look in the Photoshop file, this is what we are trying to accomplish, and now if we look in our index.html file, each of those boxes are within these divs here. Div with a class of widget. So that's what we are going to working with in our CSS.

Now I'll scroll to the bottom here, just after the navigation, and anything with a class of widget here is what we are going to be styling. Now in our Photoshop file, the only image we are going to be need is this gradient, little page curl thing here. That's this layer. I can verify that by turning at on and off, this layer here, Sidebar Box. So I am going to option click on the eyeball, and get just it activated.

Then in the Image I am going to Trim and give rid of all Transparent Pixels, so we have just it. I am going to Save for Web & Devices and call this image Widget Shadow and save it into our Images folder. Now, all of our widgets here now-- I know that little bit of confusing term here, because we are working with the Widget Corp. But widget is the proper term here, because eventually WordPress is going to be referring to these boxes as widgets.

We'll give each of these divs with a class of widgets a background of URL, where we go get this widget-shadow.png. We are going to set it in the top right with a no-repeat value. Now if we just save that and come out here and look, we are going to get our shadow in there. But the placement is a little weird. Because the edge of this image is actually a part of the shadow, it doesn't line up perfectly with our anchor links from our menu above.

We can fix that most easily by just nudging back in the size of those links, so if we just give each of those links a slightly smaller width, that should be getting lined up nicely. Now each of those widgets will have some padding applied to it, quite a bit of padding, give it 30 pixels, and we'll push it down away from the navigation with some top margin.

Also 30 pixels will stay geographically sound here. So we are making good progress there. Let's deal with this Latest Post here. We will remind ourselves with this is looking like in our Photoshop file. I am going to open this up and back out. It's the same color as this here. So let me go ahead and sample that color. We are displaying the latest post from our blogs, so having the color match the link to the blog kind of make sense there, and we'll remind ourselves with the HTML looks like.

It's this h4 tag within the div with a class of widget. So widget, h4, has this color that we just copied, and it's aligned to the right, so we will say text-align:right. That's a little bigger than the default font size. See it has a little bit of a shadow here? We are going to go ahead and copy that same text shadow that we used on the h1 tag for the site, so consistency in shadowing there.

It's uppercase letters, wherein the HTML file it's not uppercase. We will make it uppercase, text-transform: uppercase, and we'll give it some margin. We'll check in and see how it is doing in the browser. I am going to save that, reload the browser. Good, we are doing okay. It's a little more spaced out letter-wise, so we can use letter spacing.

Literally 5 pixels there, and I think we're about where we want to be. I think this is not bold, whereas in the browser here we are bold, so we can remove that bolding of font weight. Pretty good. Now right below that in the Photoshop mockup is this date field here, so it's the same color. We will make sure that we have a copy of that color as the background this time, instead of the text color. So in the HTML that's a div with a class of date here, so in the CSS we'll say widget.date.

It has a background of that color, and the text color, it's not white. It's a bit of a yellow color. We will try and get sample of it. It has a little padding of its own. It's also aligned to the right, but the special part of this is how it is aligned to the left here, all the way to the edge of the page, but we have padding on this widget that's going to affect that. So let's save and can see where we are in the browser.

Well, that background color didn't apply, because I spelled it wrong. So we'll fix that and reload. You can see it's pushed in this 30 pixels. Now that's what we told it to do, but we want to stretch it back out. So how we can do that is just giving it some extra width and then pulling it back to the left with a negative margin. So we will make its width maybe 235 pixels and use some margin.

Now we're going to push to the bottom, so maybe 12 pixels in the bottom, but also to the left -30 pixels. So if we Save there and reload, it should touch that edge just like we want to. There are few other things that we need to style with that. Let's take a look in Photoshop. It's uppercase, a little smaller of a font size, and letter spaced out a little bit. Not quite as much as the post though, and we should be right on with that. Yeah, perfect! Now we have the title for latest post. We will make that bigger and that's an h5 tag.

That's as low as we are going with other tags. Say the font-weight of it is also normal not bold. It's a little bit lager though actually, 18 pixels in size, and we will push the text below it down a little bit as well. So that's looking good. Now just the last thing as this text right here below it. That's a p tag, so widget p, and now we will make the color a light gray color, and its font size much smaller at 12 pixels.

So if we hit save and reload, there we have a nice looking sidebar unit. It's looking just like our Photoshop version, so with some very minor alterations, we can fix that bottom up, just changing a few colors and we will be ready to style the main content area.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

40 video lessons · 50874 viewers

Chris Coyier
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 6m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 19s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 25s
  2. 40m 42s
    1. Reviewing the client spec and deciding on WordPress
      6m 50s
    2. Reviewing assets and resources and creating a mood board
      8m 41s
    3. Building a home page mockup
      11m 26s
    4. Finishing the home page
      12m 27s
    5. Planning the rest of the site
      1m 18s
  3. 1h 8m
    1. Starting with a base project
      3m 6s
    2. Writing HTML code for the home page
      12m 7s
    3. Starting the CSS: Creating the header and basic style structure
      11m 28s
    4. Styling the Navigation panel
      10m 59s
    5. Styling the sidebar
      7m 55s
    6. Styling the home page, pt. 1
      8m 20s
    7. Styling the home page, pt. 2
      8m 17s
    8. Finishing the CSS
      3m 14s
    9. Moving on: One page is enough
      2m 43s
  4. 1h 56m
    1. Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac
      6m 7s
    2. Setting up WordPress and WAMP on a Windows computer
      5m 38s
    3. Modifying important settings
      6m 26s
    4. Starting with a blank theme template
      4m 35s
    5. Introducing template file structure
      4m 55s
    6. Breaking up the HTML
      9m 53s
    7. Building the sidebar
      3m 54s
    8. Building the navigation
      7m 20s
    9. Showing one recent post
      4m 1s
    10. Fetching external content
      8m 23s
    11. Creating a custom home page
      3m 30s
    12. Introducing custom fields
      5m 23s
    13. Creating custom product pages
      9m 52s
    14. Creating custom category pages
      15m 39s
    15. Creating the blog home page
      5m 39s
    16. Creating a single blog entry page
      4m 15s
    17. Implementing comments
      5m 57s
    18. Finishing the home page
      4m 45s
  5. 34m 17s
    1. Will this work with WordPress?
      3m 10s
    2. Using JavaScript in themes the right way
      8m 35s
    3. Implementing something fun with JavaScript
      7m 53s
    4. Introducing plug-ins
      6m 31s
    5. Setting up security
      8m 8s
  6. 2m 7s
    1. Goodbye
      2m 7s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.