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WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
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Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac


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WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

with Chris Coyier

Video: Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac

So we have our HTML and CSS template done and we're ready to start moving that into a WordPress theme. In order to do that we need a WordPress environment to work in. We could work live. We could use the client's domain name or we could use a subdomain of the client's domain name, something like that. That's absolutely fine. You can work that way. I like to work locally. In order to do that we are going to use a tool on the Mac, I am in the Mac environment, called MAMP. MAMP is a little software program you can run.
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  1. 6m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 19s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 25s
  2. 40m 42s
    1. Reviewing the client spec and deciding on WordPress
      6m 50s
    2. Reviewing assets and resources and creating a mood board
      8m 41s
    3. Building a home page mockup
      11m 26s
    4. Finishing the home page
      12m 27s
    5. Planning the rest of the site
      1m 18s
  3. 1h 8m
    1. Starting with a base project
      3m 6s
    2. Writing HTML code for the home page
      12m 7s
    3. Starting the CSS: Creating the header and basic style structure
      11m 28s
    4. Styling the Navigation panel
      10m 59s
    5. Styling the sidebar
      7m 55s
    6. Styling the home page, pt. 1
      8m 20s
    7. Styling the home page, pt. 2
      8m 17s
    8. Finishing the CSS
      3m 14s
    9. Moving on: One page is enough
      2m 43s
  4. 1h 56m
    1. Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac
      6m 7s
    2. Setting up WordPress and WAMP on a Windows computer
      5m 38s
    3. Modifying important settings
      6m 26s
    4. Starting with a blank theme template
      4m 35s
    5. Introducing template file structure
      4m 55s
    6. Breaking up the HTML
      9m 53s
    7. Building the sidebar
      3m 54s
    8. Building the navigation
      7m 20s
    9. Showing one recent post
      4m 1s
    10. Fetching external content
      8m 23s
    11. Creating a custom home page
      3m 30s
    12. Introducing custom fields
      5m 23s
    13. Creating custom product pages
      9m 52s
    14. Creating custom category pages
      15m 39s
    15. Creating the blog home page
      5m 39s
    16. Creating a single blog entry page
      4m 15s
    17. Implementing comments
      5m 57s
    18. Finishing the home page
      4m 45s
  5. 34m 17s
    1. Will this work with WordPress?
      3m 10s
    2. Using JavaScript in themes the right way
      8m 35s
    3. Implementing something fun with JavaScript
      7m 53s
    4. Introducing plug-ins
      6m 31s
    5. Setting up security
      8m 8s
  6. 2m 7s
    1. Goodbye
      2m 7s

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WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
4h 28m Intermediate Nov 03, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes, author Chris Coyier shows how to build a custom WordPress theme from scratch and satisfy common client requests. The course covers steps necessary to build a theme using a complete workflow with Photoshop, HTML, CSS, and WordPress 3.0. Also included are tutorials on enhancing a WordPress site with JavaScript, using plugins, and ensuring site security. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Building a design in Photoshop
  • Converting Photoshop design to HTML and CSS
  • Setting up MAMP on Mac and WAMP on Windows
  • Moving HTML and CSS into a WordPress theme
  • Building navigation
  • Using custom fields
  • Creating a commenting system
  • Using JavaScript and plugins
Subjects:
Developer Web CMS
Software:
WordPress
Author:
Chris Coyier

Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac

So we have our HTML and CSS template done and we're ready to start moving that into a WordPress theme. In order to do that we need a WordPress environment to work in. We could work live. We could use the client's domain name or we could use a subdomain of the client's domain name, something like that. That's absolutely fine. You can work that way. I like to work locally. In order to do that we are going to use a tool on the Mac, I am in the Mac environment, called MAMP. MAMP is a little software program you can run.

It's an acronym really. It stands for Mac, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. There is a pro version of it which has some cool features, but you don't need that for this. You can use the free version. You can download it from here. I already have it downloaded and then installed, and it's here in my dock. I am going to click to open it. As I do that it's going to pop open a Safari window, which is kind of proof between this and here in the main MAMP window with this green lights, that kind of prove that the Apache server is running and the local MySQL server is running.

Then we're going to see this page that says, hey, welcome the MAMP, which is our good solid proof that MAMP is running good on our system. So we are not so interested in this screen that it's showing us. I am going to remove this bit of the URL and hit that, so we were just looking at the root local host and that's going to say "hi." Now where that's coming from is, let me double-click on my hard drive, inside the applications folder where MAMP is installed. There is this folder called htdocs which has one file in it, an index.php file.

I am going to go ahead and drag that onto the TextMate icon in our dock, which is the text editor I've been using. You see it just says hi in there and says hi over here in our browser window. Again, proof that this is working and that this is the folder that is the root of local host. So whatever we put in here is going to be served up here in the browser at local host. So now that we have local host set up, we can download the files that we need for WordPress for our fresh installation.

We're going to a wordpress.org, go to the Download area, and click the download button here to grab a fresh copy of WordPress. We're in a great position here in that we are installing WordPress fresh, the latest copy. Going out to the web and grabbing it is great, because you know you're getting the most recent copy of WordPress. So it's going to download this. It's not too big of a group of files here. I am going to double-click that folder that I put on my desktop and these are all the files that are a WordPress install. So I am going to move this over here.

So we're looking at our htdocs folder and the files that we just downloaded from WordPress. I am going to select all the files that it gave us and drag them over into the htdocs folder, replacing the index file that's already there and that's a WordPress install. There is one more little piece that we need to get this to work. WordPress needs a database, and in order to create a database and manage your databases on the Mac there is another great free software program you can download called Sequel Pro.

So just go to sequelpro.com or Google Sequel Pro and you can download it from here. I already have it installed. So in my dock here you can see this little icon with the wrench and screwdriver sticking out of it. This is what it's looks like when you pop it open. You connect via Socket to root, root and that username and password comes from MAMP. Those are the defaults. Hit Connect and now it's connected to our local MySQL server. We needed to create from here on new database for WordPress to use.

This is one of these vital components of the WordPress site. So I am going to go to, from this drop- down, add database and I'll just call our new database WordPress. We got a new database! That's all we need to do with the software, because all the rest of the database work is going to happen during the WordPress installation. So I'll just close that, because we don't need it anymore. We do need to tell WordPress how to connect to that database though. So notice this file I have selected, wp-config-sample.

We're going to remove the sample bit. What we're looking for is just to have this file named wp-config. So I'll remove that bit and hit Return and save that there and then drag it down to our TextMate, our code editor. If OS X warns you about opening, it's completely fine to open. Of course. We need to change a few values in this wp-config file. We need to change the database name and remember we just named it wordpress, and the username and password again come from those MAMP defaults.

It's just going to be root and root. So if I save that file and come back over to the web finally and reload, it's going to take us to the WordPress installation screen. Perfect! Proof that we did a good job. So we'll pick up title for our site. Of course, Widget Corp. I will pick a username for myself. I'll just use my name. I'll pick a password, a nice, strong password of course. This an important one. I'll enter my email here, and there is a last checkbox asking if I would like to have my site appear in search engines.

Of course, that's fine. So we'll hit Install WordPress. It's telling us Success! That's fabulous. Then the last step here is logging in for the first time to your freshly installed WordPress site and now we're logged in, we're looking at the WordPress dashboard, we have done a good job. This is it. It's done. WordPress is installed. So from here we're going to be back here a lot doing stuff. We'll get to that later though. If we click the title of our site in the upper left, we'll be looking at what a user would look like if they came to your site.

So this is the 2010. That's the name of the theme, the theme that ships with WordPress 3.0. So this is the front-end of our site with a successfully installed WordPress. This is where we're going to be working.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes.


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Q: What prerequisite skill do I need to be successful in this course?
A: This course is set at the intermediate/advanced level. You’ll do best if you have a good knowledge of Photoshop, plus a good grasp of PHPHTML, and CSS.

Q: The index.php file that the author is working with in Chapter 3 doesn't match mine after the "Building a sidebar" movie. It appears to change between the "Building a sidebar" and "Building the navigation" movies. What code am I missing?
A: The author makes some changes off screen between several movies in this title, simply because there is so much material to cover. These changes are provided in the exercise files.

However, if you are following along without the exercise files, you catch up to him by adding the following code to your index.php file, directly after the <?php get_header(); ?> line:

<div id="main-content">

Near the end of the file, just before  <?php get_sidebar(); ?>, add a closing div tag, </div>, to complete the div wrapper.

The resulting code will look like so. You may also copy and paste this into a new file and save it as index.php.

<?php get_header(); ?>

<div id='main-content'>

    <?php if (have_posts()) : while (have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>

        <div <?php post_class() ?> id="post-<?php the_ID(); ?>">

            <h2><a href="<?php the_permalink() ?>"><?php the_title(); ?></a></h2>

            <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/meta.php' ); ?>

            <div class="entry">
                <?php the_content(); ?>
            </div>

            <div class="postmetadata">
                <?php the_tags('Tags: ', ', ', '<br />'); ?>
                Posted in <?php the_category(', ') ?> |
                <?php comments_popup_link('No Comments »', '1 Comment »', '% Comments »'); ?>
            </div>

        </div>

    <?php endwhile; ?>

    <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/nav.php' ); ?>

    <?php else : ?>

        <h2>Not Found</h2>

    <?php endif; ?>
   
</div>

<?php get_sidebar(); ?>

<?php get_footer(); ?>

Q: How do I load my custom theme once I have finished?
A: Copy the Custom theme folder to your new WordPress installation and put it in wp-content > themes. Then you can activate the new theme and work with it from there.
 
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