New Feature: Playlist Center! Pick a topic and let our playlists guide the way.

Start learning with our library of video tutorials taught by experts. Get started

WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
Illustration by

Finishing the home page


From:

WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

with Chris Coyier

Video: Finishing the home page

So our WordPress theme is almost done. There is just one more thing that we need to wrap up, and that's the homepage. That's what we're looking at now, and it looks just how we want it to look. It's just these two Featured Widgets down here are just static content and we want to replace that with dynamic content, now that the store has been fleshed out. So I will open up our WordPress theme. We have opened all of our WordPress theme files as a project in TextMate. And the file that we have working, that's our homepage, is this home.php file.
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 6m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 19s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 25s
  2. 40m 42s
    1. Reviewing the client spec and deciding on WordPress
      6m 50s
    2. Reviewing assets and resources and creating a mood board
      8m 41s
    3. Building a home page mockup
      11m 26s
    4. Finishing the home page
      12m 27s
    5. Planning the rest of the site
      1m 18s
  3. 1h 8m
    1. Starting with a base project
      3m 6s
    2. Writing HTML code for the home page
      12m 7s
    3. Starting the CSS: Creating the header and basic style structure
      11m 28s
    4. Styling the Navigation panel
      10m 59s
    5. Styling the sidebar
      7m 55s
    6. Styling the home page, pt. 1
      8m 20s
    7. Styling the home page, pt. 2
      8m 17s
    8. Finishing the CSS
      3m 14s
    9. Moving on: One page is enough
      2m 43s
  4. 1h 56m
    1. Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac
      6m 7s
    2. Setting up WordPress and WAMP on a Windows computer
      5m 38s
    3. Modifying important settings
      6m 26s
    4. Starting with a blank theme template
      4m 35s
    5. Introducing template file structure
      4m 55s
    6. Breaking up the HTML
      9m 53s
    7. Building the sidebar
      3m 54s
    8. Building the navigation
      7m 20s
    9. Showing one recent post
      4m 1s
    10. Fetching external content
      8m 23s
    11. Creating a custom home page
      3m 30s
    12. Introducing custom fields
      5m 23s
    13. Creating custom product pages
      9m 52s
    14. Creating custom category pages
      15m 39s
    15. Creating the blog home page
      5m 39s
    16. Creating a single blog entry page
      4m 15s
    17. Implementing comments
      5m 57s
    18. Finishing the home page
      4m 45s
  5. 34m 17s
    1. Will this work with WordPress?
      3m 10s
    2. Using JavaScript in themes the right way
      8m 35s
    3. Implementing something fun with JavaScript
      7m 53s
    4. Introducing plug-ins
      6m 31s
    5. Setting up security
      8m 8s
  6. 2m 7s
    1. Goodbye
      2m 7s

Watch this entire course now—plus get access to every course in the library. Each course includes high-quality videos taught by expert instructors.

Become a member
please wait ...
WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
4h 28m Intermediate Nov 03, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes, author Chris Coyier shows how to build a custom WordPress theme from scratch and satisfy common client requests. The course covers steps necessary to build a theme using a complete workflow with Photoshop, HTML, CSS, and WordPress 3.0. Also included are tutorials on enhancing a WordPress site with JavaScript, using plugins, and ensuring site security. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Building a design in Photoshop
  • Converting Photoshop design to HTML and CSS
  • Setting up MAMP on Mac and WAMP on Windows
  • Moving HTML and CSS into a WordPress theme
  • Building navigation
  • Using custom fields
  • Creating a commenting system
  • Using JavaScript and plugins
Subjects:
Developer Web CMS
Software:
WordPress
Author:
Chris Coyier

Finishing the home page

So our WordPress theme is almost done. There is just one more thing that we need to wrap up, and that's the homepage. That's what we're looking at now, and it looks just how we want it to look. It's just these two Featured Widgets down here are just static content and we want to replace that with dynamic content, now that the store has been fleshed out. So I will open up our WordPress theme. We have opened all of our WordPress theme files as a project in TextMate. And the file that we have working, that's our homepage, is this home.php file.

And you can see here is Featured Widgets and then there is an unordered list and here is the two widgets that we have featured as list items, but you can see that this content is just static. It's not dynamic as we want it to be. So what we're going to do is show one, the most recently published widget in the Sprockets category, and the most recently published widget in the Sprunkler category. That way it kind of changes a little bit. If they publish a new sprocket, this is just going to swap out immediately with the new one that they published.

And they can switch things around if they want by just adjusting the publication date of the widget's page, and the most recently published one will be here on the front. So we are going to use a query_posts function. You have seen it before in these previous videos, query_posts, and we want to pass it parameter, a parameter, a query string, telling it exactly what we want. So we want posts_per_page of 1, we just want 1, and we want the post_type to be a page, and the post_parent is the ID of the parent page of sprockets.

Now, if we forgot what that was we can just go back to our pages. Find the Sprockets page. You can see if you click on it in the URL, it says post =92. That's the number, that's the ID, and any product that we publish that's in the Sprockets category is a child page of Sprockets. And you can see that we have the Mega Sprocketizer is a child page of Sprockets. That's what we're after here, so the post_parent is 92 in this case. Now, we don't need to start a loop again, because we're only showing this one thing, so we'll just do the_post.

And instead of displaying the static title, we'll use the_title. And instead of displaying the static content here, we'll just say the_excerpt, which is kind of like the content only. It just only displays a little bit it, a few sentences of it. In case the description was super, super long. It's going to prevent that from coming up. Now, instead of the static URL resource here, we're going to grab that custom field. We're going to echo out the get_post_meta of the post ID.

We're passing it product_regular here, and just as a recap, if we go into that product and look at its custom fields, product_regular has this value of exactly where that image is located. So that's what's getting spit out here. And then true to ensure that it's just a single string. And then it's the Image of, we'll just use the title here again, so we have a proper alt tag, and then a link to the product itself.

So we can do that with the_permalink. Now let's get rid of this one for now and see if that's working properly. Go out to our homepage in a new tab. We have the Mega Sprocketizer. It looks just like how it looked before, only everything is being pulled in dynamically, and if we click VIEW PRODUCT we'll go right to that product, just how we want it to be. So we want to also display the most recent product in the Sprunkler category, so let's just duplicate that code and instead of it being 92 we'll make it 94, which is the ID of the Sprunkler page. We'll hit Save and we'll be able to see exactly what happens there.

The most recently published Sprunkler is right here, again, with the same dynamic content, and hit VIEW PRODUCT and I'll go right to that product page. So we've come a long way here, folks. Our theme is complete. We have a homepage that's dynamically showing widgets. We have a few pages you can click around and view. We have a store page where you can view categories of products as well as individual products. We have a blog page where you can see the most recent blog entries as well as individual blog entries with a comment system. Lots going on here.

So I think you have the tools you need to extend this theme as needed.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes.


Expand all | Collapse all
please wait ...
Q: What prerequisite skill do I need to be successful in this course?
A: This course is set at the intermediate/advanced level. You’ll do best if you have a good knowledge of Photoshop, plus a good grasp of PHPHTML, and CSS.

Q: The index.php file that the author is working with in Chapter 3 doesn't match mine after the "Building a sidebar" movie. It appears to change between the "Building a sidebar" and "Building the navigation" movies. What code am I missing?
A: The author makes some changes off screen between several movies in this title, simply because there is so much material to cover. These changes are provided in the exercise files.

However, if you are following along without the exercise files, you catch up to him by adding the following code to your index.php file, directly after the <?php get_header(); ?> line:

<div id="main-content">

Near the end of the file, just before  <?php get_sidebar(); ?>, add a closing div tag, </div>, to complete the div wrapper.

The resulting code will look like so. You may also copy and paste this into a new file and save it as index.php.

<?php get_header(); ?>

<div id='main-content'>

    <?php if (have_posts()) : while (have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>

        <div <?php post_class() ?> id="post-<?php the_ID(); ?>">

            <h2><a href="<?php the_permalink() ?>"><?php the_title(); ?></a></h2>

            <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/meta.php' ); ?>

            <div class="entry">
                <?php the_content(); ?>
            </div>

            <div class="postmetadata">
                <?php the_tags('Tags: ', ', ', '<br />'); ?>
                Posted in <?php the_category(', ') ?> |
                <?php comments_popup_link('No Comments »', '1 Comment »', '% Comments »'); ?>
            </div>

        </div>

    <?php endwhile; ?>

    <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/nav.php' ); ?>

    <?php else : ?>

        <h2>Not Found</h2>

    <?php endif; ?>
   
</div>

<?php get_sidebar(); ?>

<?php get_footer(); ?>

Q: How do I load my custom theme once I have finished?
A: Copy the Custom theme folder to your new WordPress installation and put it in wp-content > themes. Then you can activate the new theme and work with it from there.
 
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.
Upgrade now


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

join now Upgrade now

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Notes cannot be added for locked videos.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.