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WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

Creating a single blog entry page


From:

WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

with Chris Coyier

Video: Creating a single blog entry page

So we have the homepage for our blog setup. Now let's get into styling what an individual blog article looks like on our site. So in this tab I have open here the blogsingle.html file. This is from our HTML and CSS static template. This is what we want an individual blog article to look like, as we've mocked up. This is the first time we've broken out of the structure that we have going on with this bold presentation of the post title in this cutout section with the light on dark.
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  1. 6m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 19s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 25s
  2. 40m 42s
    1. Reviewing the client spec and deciding on WordPress
      6m 50s
    2. Reviewing assets and resources and creating a mood board
      8m 41s
    3. Building a home page mockup
      11m 26s
    4. Finishing the home page
      12m 27s
    5. Planning the rest of the site
      1m 18s
  3. 1h 8m
    1. Starting with a base project
      3m 6s
    2. Writing HTML code for the home page
      12m 7s
    3. Starting the CSS: Creating the header and basic style structure
      11m 28s
    4. Styling the Navigation panel
      10m 59s
    5. Styling the sidebar
      7m 55s
    6. Styling the home page, pt. 1
      8m 20s
    7. Styling the home page, pt. 2
      8m 17s
    8. Finishing the CSS
      3m 14s
    9. Moving on: One page is enough
      2m 43s
  4. 1h 56m
    1. Setting up WordPress and MAMP on a Mac
      6m 7s
    2. Setting up WordPress and WAMP on a Windows computer
      5m 38s
    3. Modifying important settings
      6m 26s
    4. Starting with a blank theme template
      4m 35s
    5. Introducing template file structure
      4m 55s
    6. Breaking up the HTML
      9m 53s
    7. Building the sidebar
      3m 54s
    8. Building the navigation
      7m 20s
    9. Showing one recent post
      4m 1s
    10. Fetching external content
      8m 23s
    11. Creating a custom home page
      3m 30s
    12. Introducing custom fields
      5m 23s
    13. Creating custom product pages
      9m 52s
    14. Creating custom category pages
      15m 39s
    15. Creating the blog home page
      5m 39s
    16. Creating a single blog entry page
      4m 15s
    17. Implementing comments
      5m 57s
    18. Finishing the home page
      4m 45s
  5. 34m 17s
    1. Will this work with WordPress?
      3m 10s
    2. Using JavaScript in themes the right way
      8m 35s
    3. Implementing something fun with JavaScript
      7m 53s
    4. Introducing plug-ins
      6m 31s
    5. Setting up security
      8m 8s
  6. 2m 7s
    1. Goodbye
      2m 7s

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WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
4h 28m Intermediate Nov 03, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes, author Chris Coyier shows how to build a custom WordPress theme from scratch and satisfy common client requests. The course covers steps necessary to build a theme using a complete workflow with Photoshop, HTML, CSS, and WordPress 3.0. Also included are tutorials on enhancing a WordPress site with JavaScript, using plugins, and ensuring site security. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Building a design in Photoshop
  • Converting Photoshop design to HTML and CSS
  • Setting up MAMP on Mac and WAMP on Windows
  • Moving HTML and CSS into a WordPress theme
  • Building navigation
  • Using custom fields
  • Creating a commenting system
  • Using JavaScript and plugins
Subjects:
Developer Web CMS
Software:
WordPress
Author:
Chris Coyier

Creating a single blog entry page

So we have the homepage for our blog setup. Now let's get into styling what an individual blog article looks like on our site. So in this tab I have open here the blogsingle.html file. This is from our HTML and CSS static template. This is what we want an individual blog article to look like, as we've mocked up. This is the first time we've broken out of the structure that we have going on with this bold presentation of the post title in this cutout section with the light on dark.

So let's take a look at our WordPress theme project in our right in TextMate and our static HTML and CSS project on our left. The blogsingle.html file is what we're working with. That looks how we want it to look. In the file in a WordPress theme that has to do with displaying what an individual blog article looks like is the single.php file. So I'll open that up. Now if we're comparing these two things, we can see that there is this opening div id of main-content, which is on every one of our pages in our WordPress theme.

That's way up here in this file. We have a number of things going on before that opening tag. The post-title and the meta information come before that opening main-content tab. Here they come afterwards. So I am going to go ahead and cut those and put them above the main content kind of where they belong. Notice that this also has an id of post-title. We're going to bring that over as well, because that has to do with that specific styling going on and remove the stuff. Now notice that the post-title uses the dynamic WordPress function the_title, which we've seen before.

Now the function that enables the title to work is the WordPress loop and specifically this function the_ post, which we've also seen before. We're in this position again where we don't really need a WordPress loop. We're looking at one individual blog article here, not multiple. So we don't really need a traditional loop. I am going to go ahead and take the_post and then get rid of the opening and the closing of the loop and put the_post up here instead. So it's before we're using the_title. So that's going to work out just fine.

Now let's continue to compare kind of line by line here. Now we open the main-content. We open the main content. We have div within the class of post. That's what's going on here with an extra WordPress action going on, in case we need it. Then the content of the actual post is within this div class of entry. That's what's going on here. We're outputting for multiple page posts in case we enable that feature. That might as well be in there as well as how the post is tagged. We're not using any tags right now, but it might as well be in there for now.

Now this link here is just for if you're logged in as an administrator on this site. It's going to show you a little link to edit that post which you can click and go edit it. Anybody else isn't going to see this link. So that's just kind of a bonus for us, but otherwise we're doing well here as far as layout. Let's go ahead and save that. Now just because we want to try and match what's going on here in our static thing, let's post this exact blog article on our actual site. So the name of this post is Five Ways Widget Manufacturing Can Be Bungled.

Let's go ahead and publish a post under that name. Now we need a bunch of fake content here. We don't have any actual content to publish here. So a great resource for that if we just need some quick fake content, normally you think of Lorem Ipsum text for that, there is a site called HTML-Ipsum that I did. There is a little title here called Kitchen Sink. You could just click that and we'll copy all of this content within this box to your Clipboard and then you can just hit Paste. The advantage to doing that is it has a bunch of lists, lists within lists, headers, bold text, links, stuff like that so you can just get some quick starter text, but it's already in HTML tags.

So I am going to go ahead and Publish that new blog post. Then I'm going to click View Post. Open it up in a new tab, so we can see how we're doing here. Very good. So this is our actual live WordPress site. It has this content going on here and it looks great. So our client will be all set for blogging and publishing good-looking articles on their blog.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about WordPress 3: Creating and Editing Custom Themes.


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Q: What prerequisite skill do I need to be successful in this course?
A: This course is set at the intermediate/advanced level. You’ll do best if you have a good knowledge of Photoshop, plus a good grasp of PHPHTML, and CSS.

Q: The index.php file that the author is working with in Chapter 3 doesn't match mine after the "Building a sidebar" movie. It appears to change between the "Building a sidebar" and "Building the navigation" movies. What code am I missing?
A: The author makes some changes off screen between several movies in this title, simply because there is so much material to cover. These changes are provided in the exercise files.

However, if you are following along without the exercise files, you catch up to him by adding the following code to your index.php file, directly after the <?php get_header(); ?> line:

<div id="main-content">

Near the end of the file, just before  <?php get_sidebar(); ?>, add a closing div tag, </div>, to complete the div wrapper.

The resulting code will look like so. You may also copy and paste this into a new file and save it as index.php.

<?php get_header(); ?>

<div id='main-content'>

    <?php if (have_posts()) : while (have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>

        <div <?php post_class() ?> id="post-<?php the_ID(); ?>">

            <h2><a href="<?php the_permalink() ?>"><?php the_title(); ?></a></h2>

            <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/meta.php' ); ?>

            <div class="entry">
                <?php the_content(); ?>
            </div>

            <div class="postmetadata">
                <?php the_tags('Tags: ', ', ', '<br />'); ?>
                Posted in <?php the_category(', ') ?> |
                <?php comments_popup_link('No Comments »', '1 Comment »', '% Comments »'); ?>
            </div>

        </div>

    <?php endwhile; ?>

    <?php include (TEMPLATEPATH . '/inc/nav.php' ); ?>

    <?php else : ?>

        <h2>Not Found</h2>

    <?php endif; ?>
   
</div>

<?php get_sidebar(); ?>

<?php get_footer(); ?>

Q: How do I load my custom theme once I have finished?
A: Copy the Custom theme folder to your new WordPress installation and put it in wp-content > themes. Then you can activate the new theme and work with it from there.
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