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This course presents the WordPress Multisite feature, which allows web site designers and administrators to create a network of sites and blogs from a single installation of WordPress. Author Justin Seeley covers installing the network components, configuring their web server/hosting environment, using the Multisite Network Administration panel, managing users, and backing up, migrating, and restoring a multisite installation.
One of the most important things you're going to do as a network administrator is to actually set up and configure your site, so let's take a look at how we can do that inside of the WordPress Dashboard. I'm currently logged in as the Network Admin and I'm here on the Network Admin screen. I'm going to move over here to the Settings section, and underneath the Settings menu you'll notice that I have two options: Network Settings and Network Setup. The first one, Network Settings, refers to basic setup that you can perform on your network; we'll cover that in just a moment. Let's start off with Network Setup. If I click that link, it takes me here, to the Network Setup page.
You'll notice this page looks almost identical to the page that you saw when you were setting up the WordPress Multisite. This is where you can get basic instructions in case something ever breaks. You can also copy and paste the code to your wp-config file, or your .htaccess file in the case that you make a mistake and change those. This screen is mainly informational and doesn't contain any settings that you need to be aware of. Now let's move over and choose Network Settings. Inside of the Network Settings panel this is where you set up all of the options for your site. Everything from the name of the site, to the user registration process, and to things like controlling the upload limit on each individual site in your network.
Let's take a look at some basic settings that you need to be aware of before you get going with your WordPress Multisite installation. First and foremost is the Network Name. This is where you can alter the name of your network site. In this case it's just my domain and the name Sites. If I wanted to change this to something better, I could just select that and change it. So in this case I'm going to pretend as if I'm working with a photo blog, so I'm just going to call this PhotoBlog. If I want to refer to it as a network I can, but I don't necessarily have to, so I'll just leave it at PhotoBlog.
Underneath there you can change the network admin email. If at any time you need to change the network administration email, all you have to do is select that, change it, and you're done. Underneath here are the registration settings for your blog. We're going to go through this in a future movie, so we don't have to worry about that right now, but let's scroll down a little bit and check out the New Site Settings. In the New Site Settings, you're going to be able to control things like the welcome email, the welcome user email, the first post, first page, and first comment. Let's take a look at all of these individual items here.
In the welcome email, this is the email that is sent to new site owners. So any time you create a site or a user creates a site inside of your WordPress Multisite installation, this is the email that is sent to them to let them know exactly what they need to do and where they can log in to view their site. If you want to customize these to be specific to your site, go ahead and do so, but you don't have to. All of the relevant information is already here. The Welcome User Email--this is an email that's sent to users, not necessarily site owners. So basically this just tells the user, hello, your account has been set up and you can login with the following information, and it gives them their username and password.
The next couple of fields are actually pretty cool and pretty important as well. The first one is first post. This is the information that's going to be included inside of the first post of each new site that you create. This could be some information about the site, information about you, or your agency, or whoever you are. You could also include instructions to the site owner, so that they can know exactly what they need to do. The First Page--you can also specify the content that goes on the first page. This again could be an about page that you automatically create, an instructions page, a tutorial page.
It's totally up to you what goes in this content field. You can also control the first comment. This will replace the default comment that usually accompanies a new installation of WordPress. You can also define the Comment Author. If you want this to be yourself, type in your name. If you want this to be somebody else, just type it in,]. You can also include a First Comment URL. This is the URL that the user will be directed to ones they click on the author. Once you set up your first page, first comment, and first author information, you can go down to the Upload Settings. Inside of the Upload Settings you get to control some pretty specific things like limiting the total size of files that are uploaded to each individual site.
By default this is limited to 10 megabytes which isn't a whole lot of space, especially if I'm doing a photo blog. So in this case I think what I'll do is uncheck that so that there's no limit on the upload size. Upload file types--these are the file types that you allow to be uploaded to your site. In this case it's allowing me to upload JPEGs, PNGs, GIFs, MP3s, MOVs, AVIs, and various other formats. If I want to remove any of these all I have to do is select them. In this case I'm running a photo blog, so I only want images in my particular installation, so I'm going to delete everything after GIF.
Once I do that, I'll no longer be able to upload things like PDF, MOVs, MP3s, et cetera. You can also specify a max upload size for each individual upload. By capping this, it sort of overrides the site upload space at the top because you could cap this at a lower amount, thus making this a moot point. In this case, I think I'll just restrict this to 2000 kilobytes. That means nothing over 2000 kilobytes will be allowed in my upload. Finally, Menu Settings. Do you allow administrators of individual sites to access the Plugins menu? If you do, go ahead and check that box.
If you don't want them to have access to it, leave it unchecked. Giving people control to various parts of your blog is your choice, but again, it runs a serious security risk if you don't trust the people running the site. So here, this is totally up to you, but I'd recommend restricting access to things like this just so you have full control over the network itself. Once you've made all of the changes inside of this section, all you have to do is click Save Changes. All of those changes are then saved and immediately applied network wide. As you can see up here in the Title Bar, it now says Network Admin for the PhotoBlog, as opposed to the domain name that we had earlier.
That means my settings have been saved and I can continue working. So take some time and go through each one of these settings individually. As you can see, there is a lot in this panel, so you've got to take the time and get it right. Once you have everything set up, save it and everything should be good, and you're ready to keep managing your network.
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