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Changing the menu position of the custom post type

From: Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress

Video: Changing the menu position of the custom post type

So far we've created three new post types, we've changed the labels of those post types so they display the right names for each of the post types and we've added a lot of functionality to each of the post types, but there are still a few things that we need to do to make this a complete project. First of all when you look at the new post types you notice they appear at the very bottom of this first section of the menu. So you have Posts and they have Media, Links, Pages, Comments, and then you have got the post types. What you want to do is probably move these post types up so they appear underneath Posts rather than underneath Comments.

Changing the menu position of the custom post type

So far we've created three new post types, we've changed the labels of those post types so they display the right names for each of the post types and we've added a lot of functionality to each of the post types, but there are still a few things that we need to do to make this a complete project. First of all when you look at the new post types you notice they appear at the very bottom of this first section of the menu. So you have Posts and they have Media, Links, Pages, Comments, and then you have got the post types. What you want to do is probably move these post types up so they appear underneath Posts rather than underneath Comments.

We can do that with one of the variables that's inside the post type definition. If we go back to posttypes.php and scroll down, you'll see that in the arguments array for each of the register post type functions there is a variable called menu_position. It's right here, and it's always set to null by default. If it's set to null it will always appear on the bottom of the first main part, so under Comments, and then each of the post types will appear as they appear inside the functions.php file or in our case the posttypes.php file.

If we want to change that, we can change this null to an actual number. Now there is a reference scale for this and I'd put it into the code-snippets file so you always know what's going on. What you see here is menu_position and it's set to 5 because I want it to appear directly under Posts, but as you can see from this list you can set it to 0 where it appears at the very top, you can set it to 10 or just below Media, 15 below Links, 20 below Pages, 25 below Comments, etcetera, etcetera, all the way to the bottom.

So depending on what number you give menu position, the items will appear underneath or above each other. So if we go back to posttypes.php and for recipes we set the menu_position value to the number 5 and save the file. When we go into admin you'll see that Recipes, which is currently down here, will move up directly under Posts. So now we have Posts, Recipes and then Media, Links, Pages, Comments, etcetera, and if we do this same for Photos and Videos, we can get them to appear directly underneath too.

For them we can either go and set each of the values just to 5 or if we want them to appear in a certain order, you can for example set recipes to 4, photos to 5, and then videos to 6, or you can set videos to 4 and it would appear over recipes, but I'll set them all to 5 for now, reload the page, and you'll see the structure now makes a lot more sense. We have Posts, Recipes, Photos, and Videos at the very top.

It's a subtle change but it's again one of those changes that makes a huge difference, because it tells the user something about the priority of content. Now Recipes, Photos, and Videos have become first level citizens of the site rather than being afterthoughts that are stacked underneath Comments. By changing the menu position of your custom post types you're taking control not only over what kind of content can be published, but also what is more important on the site. It's a subtle distinction, but one that makes a lot of difference.

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This video is part of

Image for Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress
Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress

40 video lessons · 28582 viewers

Morten Rand-Hendriksen
Author

 
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  1. 6m 28s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      3m 54s
    3. Using the code snippets file
      1m 36s
  2. 8m 31s
    1. What is an online portfolio?
      2m 43s
    2. Tour of the finished project
      3m 15s
    3. Setting up a WordPress development environment
      2m 33s
  3. 16m 10s
    1. Creating site architecture
      5m 1s
    2. Creating a child theme
      6m 7s
    3. Creating an external file to manage functions separately from the theme
      5m 2s
  4. 25m 26s
    1. What is a custom post type?
      2m 14s
    2. Setting up a custom post type
      6m 39s
    3. Adding advanced variables to the custom post type
      3m 35s
    4. Advanced custom post type functionalities
      4m 29s
    5. Changing the menu position of the custom post type
      3m 19s
    6. Adding a custom post type icon
      5m 10s
  5. 22m 8s
    1. What are custom taxonomies?
      3m 34s
    2. Setting up a basic custom taxonomy
      2m 52s
    3. Hooking a custom taxonomy to a post type
      3m 13s
    4. Adding advanced variables to a custom taxonomy
      3m 9s
    5. Using hierarchical and nonhierarchical custom taxonomies
      5m 54s
    6. Using custom taxonomies in admin
      3m 26s
  6. 25m 40s
    1. Populating content into the custom post types
      10m 54s
    2. Uploading videos to YouTube
      2m 22s
    3. Embedding YouTube videos in a custom post type
      4m 23s
    4. Uploading videos to WordPress
      8m 1s
  7. 39m 47s
    1. Creating custom post type templates
      6m 50s
    2. Adding taxonomy info to the custom post type template
      9m 13s
    3. Creating conditional custom taxonomy links
      4m 46s
    4. Handling multiple post type templates: Individual templates
      6m 25s
    5. Handling multiple post type templates: Consolidating everything in one file
      6m 21s
    6. Handling multiple post type templates: Making custom post types the default
      6m 12s
  8. 15m 23s
    1. Creating an index page for a custom post type
      8m 10s
    2. Creating a custom taxonomy index page
      7m 13s
  9. 12m 3s
    1. Creating a custom footer sidebar template
      6m 58s
    2. Displaying a list of links to the latest custom post type posts
      5m 5s
  10. 14m 58s
    1. Creating static pages for the front and the blog
      4m 54s
    2. Populating the menu with new index pages
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a contact page with a contact form
      5m 12s
  11. 5m 55s
    1. Including the abstraction layer in other stock themes
      5m 55s
  12. 1m 22s
    1. Next steps
      1m 22s

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