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Adding advanced variables to the custom post type

From: Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress

Video: Adding advanced variables to the custom post type

In the previous movie, we created three basic custom post types. But as you saw, when we went to WordPress Admin, when creating a new post under them, the text displayed inside WordPress still calls all of them just Post. Though, this doesn't look like much right away. It's a bit sloppy and it can also lead to confusion. After all, when you click Add New under Recipes, why does it say create new post? Fortunately, we can fix out this with a few more lines of code in our function. Each of the custom post type definition functions can have a variable called labels.

Adding advanced variables to the custom post type

In the previous movie, we created three basic custom post types. But as you saw, when we went to WordPress Admin, when creating a new post under them, the text displayed inside WordPress still calls all of them just Post. Though, this doesn't look like much right away. It's a bit sloppy and it can also lead to confusion. After all, when you click Add New under Recipes, why does it say create new post? Fortunately, we can fix out this with a few more lines of code in our function. Each of the custom post type definition functions can have a variable called labels.

This is where we put all the labels for a custom post type. This variable can take an array of labels. So we are going to create a new separate array and then call it from within the function itself. If you go to your code-snippets, you see here under 03_03, there's an example of a new array for recipes. It starts with recipe_labels and then it goes down to this end bracket. So, if you copy this, go into your posttypes, scroll to the top, and find your arguments for the register_post_type, and then paste in the new array directly above it, we now have an array we can call from inside a basic function to display all the information about the content.

If we look at this array, you will see we have more specific definitions about all the text. We have the name of the posttype, Recipes, we have the singular_name Recipe, and these correspond to the previous label and singular_label. We also have the text for all_ items, so it says All Recipes. We have add_new, Add new recipe, we have edit_item, we have new_item. This stuff just makes it clear inside WordPress Admin what is going on when you are working for the recipes.

So how do we activate this array? Well first, we should take out this singular_label, because we already have a repeated up here, so I will take that whole line out, and then instead of saying label, we will say labels and call the array. The array is called $recipe_ labels, so that's what you put in. And when we now save the posttypes.php file, and go back to WordPress admin, and reload, you will see a subtle change.

We now have all recipes under Recipes, Add new recipe, and in the actual single view, you see it says Add new recipe rather than saying Add New Post. We can do the exact same thing for Photos and Videos, just because it's a lot of code, I've created it for you, so what you can do if you don't want to do this manually is simply go to the code -snippets, find it where it says Full code for posttypes.php and copy all the code all the way down to the end of the php delimiter.

Copy this, go back to the code editor, under posttypes.php, delete everything and just paste in this new content. When I save it, reload WordPress Admin, we now have all the new post types and as you can see when we open them, under Photos we have All Photos, Add new photo, under Videos we have All Videos, and when we select them, it will say Add new video here as well. Setting up the proper labels for a custom post type not only makes the post type easier to use, but also adds a new layer of professionalism to it.

And as you've seen, it's easy to do, which is always a bonus.

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This video is part of

Image for Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress
Create an Online Portfolio with WordPress

40 video lessons · 28395 viewers

Morten Rand-Hendriksen
Author

 
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  1. 6m 28s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      3m 54s
    3. Using the code snippets file
      1m 36s
  2. 8m 31s
    1. What is an online portfolio?
      2m 43s
    2. Tour of the finished project
      3m 15s
    3. Setting up a WordPress development environment
      2m 33s
  3. 16m 10s
    1. Creating site architecture
      5m 1s
    2. Creating a child theme
      6m 7s
    3. Creating an external file to manage functions separately from the theme
      5m 2s
  4. 25m 26s
    1. What is a custom post type?
      2m 14s
    2. Setting up a custom post type
      6m 39s
    3. Adding advanced variables to the custom post type
      3m 35s
    4. Advanced custom post type functionalities
      4m 29s
    5. Changing the menu position of the custom post type
      3m 19s
    6. Adding a custom post type icon
      5m 10s
  5. 22m 8s
    1. What are custom taxonomies?
      3m 34s
    2. Setting up a basic custom taxonomy
      2m 52s
    3. Hooking a custom taxonomy to a post type
      3m 13s
    4. Adding advanced variables to a custom taxonomy
      3m 9s
    5. Using hierarchical and nonhierarchical custom taxonomies
      5m 54s
    6. Using custom taxonomies in admin
      3m 26s
  6. 25m 40s
    1. Populating content into the custom post types
      10m 54s
    2. Uploading videos to YouTube
      2m 22s
    3. Embedding YouTube videos in a custom post type
      4m 23s
    4. Uploading videos to WordPress
      8m 1s
  7. 39m 47s
    1. Creating custom post type templates
      6m 50s
    2. Adding taxonomy info to the custom post type template
      9m 13s
    3. Creating conditional custom taxonomy links
      4m 46s
    4. Handling multiple post type templates: Individual templates
      6m 25s
    5. Handling multiple post type templates: Consolidating everything in one file
      6m 21s
    6. Handling multiple post type templates: Making custom post types the default
      6m 12s
  8. 15m 23s
    1. Creating an index page for a custom post type
      8m 10s
    2. Creating a custom taxonomy index page
      7m 13s
  9. 12m 3s
    1. Creating a custom footer sidebar template
      6m 58s
    2. Displaying a list of links to the latest custom post type posts
      5m 5s
  10. 14m 58s
    1. Creating static pages for the front and the blog
      4m 54s
    2. Populating the menu with new index pages
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a contact page with a contact form
      5m 12s
  11. 5m 55s
    1. Including the abstraction layer in other stock themes
      5m 55s
  12. 1m 22s
    1. Next steps
      1m 22s

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