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Windows 8 was a new direction for Microsoft, offering mobile integration, cloud storage, and security enhancements. But some people were unhappy with its design. Windows 8.1 answers these complaints and takes Windows a step further. In this course, David Rivers shows you all its essential features. Take a tour of the interface, review the new file and folder behaviors, and meet the most useful apps, including Calendar, Photos, Maps, and Music. David also shows how to adjust system settings like default programs and volume, work with external devices, and set up networks. The final chapters show you how to keep your computer even more secure with Access Control and Windows Defender, and how to troubleshoot potential issues, like reversing fatal crashes.
When you need to jot down a few items. You need a text tool that's perhaps not as powerful as a full blown word processor. There are some programs built into Windows 8.1 that you actually might be familiar with already in previous versions of Windows. We're going to take a look at them now. You won't find them here in this modern interface. There are no tiles for any Text tools. However, we can click the All Apps button down in the bottom left corner to reveal all of our apps. And as we scroll to the right, you'll see there are some windows accessories including one called Notepad.
Another called Sticky Notes, and another called WordPad. Let's begin with Sticky Notes. If you have one of these pads on your desk, you might jot down a note and then stick it up on the wall. Maybe even on your computer screen. This is the electronic version of that. A new sticky note appears. You can place it anywhere on your desktop. It's going to stay there until you remove it. And there's a cursor flashing, just waiting for you to type. Let's say we need a reminder here to call IT for an update before 4 p.m.
Again, I can move this around if it's in the wrong place. I can add another note by clicking the plus sign that appears in the top left. Keyboard shortcut Ctrl+N as in New. Try that. There's another one. The only other option you'll see here with sticky notes, is a delete button in the top-right corner. Let's give a click and confirm by clicking yes. In fact, we'll get rid of all three of these. We've made our phone call. We have our update. So we click the Delete button and click Yes to remove it. Little sticky notes that you would use. Just like you would an actual sticky note pad. Now we want to go to Notepad.
Now we could browse through here in the desktop environment, or we could press our Windows key to get back to the Start screen. And find Notepad by simply typing the word, notepad. So you don't have to select anything, don't have to be pointing at anything. Just start to type note. And you can see, Notepad, has note in it, so does Sticky Notes and Release Notes, this is the one we want, Notepad, so we'll give it a click. This is a tool you would use for some very plain text, maybe a quick to do list that you want to save to SkyDrive, so you have access to your to do list from anywhere where you're connected.
Say using a Smartphone, or even a tablet. Let's add a title here by typing, To Do List. Now you're formatting might look different than mine. It all depends on what you used last. I'm going to hit Enter a couple of times and start adding things with dashes, dash and a space, call airport for departure info. How about we hit Enter at another bullet point using dashes pack bags.
And update itinerary. So we have a few items here. And you'll notice in notepad we do have a menu bar with File, Edit, Format, View and Help. If we go to file, there are things we can do here like start new notes, open existing notes from notepad. We could also save this up, or use save as. Now, if we haven't saved it yet, we know, because it shows as Untitled, in the Title bar, clicking Save to update this is going to open up the Save As window, the first time.
So, either way, whether we click Save or Save As, or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+S, we're going to see the Save As dialogue. And notice SkyDrive is going to be your default if you're already connected. That's the location for saving things, so we can get to quick from anywhere. Let's type in, right over what's already showing up here in the file name deal. To Do list. The only format we can choose from is TXT, a plain text document, click Save, and we're done.
Now, there is some formatting we can do. If you just click anywhere in the document, go up to format, and choose Font, for example. We can change the font. Mine is Arial that is what I used last. I might want to switch to Calibri, may be pump it up to 14. I see a sample down below and when I click OK. Notice it is the entire document that's updated. So we could just format the title, for example, and have the content down below formatted differently. We can change our view if we wanted by turning off the status.
That's the only option under View. It disappears, or you could turn it back on. And, if we go to File, maybe you plan on printing this, Page Setup and Print appear together. With Page Setup, we can choose how this is going to print, Letter being the paper size, Default but there are a number of paper sizes to choose from, like Legal, for example. Notice the preview over here shows a much longer sheet of paper. And I'll go back to letter, I could change it to landscape from portrait. But portrait makes sense, I could adjust the margins for the left, right, top and bottom.
Those are the defaults, there's even headers and footers. So we can have something appearing at the top or the bottom of every page. And by default you're see things like page numbering at the bottom. Let's click OK to save those changes. And now when we go up to File and click Save, we're updating the document. No need for Save As. When I save it to SkyDrive, I know I can access it while I'm on the road, for example. That could be important. Let's close it up. If you need more formatting options. Then you might consider bumping up to WordPad.
Wordpad is not a full blown word processor, but it does come pretty close. So, let's go back to our Start screen, and from here just start typing word. Notice that, WordPad is at the top of the list. Give it a click. And again we're flipped over to this old desktop environment to run WordPad. Lets maximize this Window to fill the entire screen and now it kind of feels like a Word Processor. We have this written interface at the top, a quick access toolbar with Save, Undo and Redo options.
But we can click the drop down to add shortcuts to things like. Opening or maybe Preview. I like that one. There's even a Quick Print option if you want to be able to print from here. I like having all of those up at the top. Quick and easy access. There's also a File tab. From here we can create new documents, open existing ones, there's Save and Save As, Print, Page Setup. But we can also Send in an Email, that's one option. And exit the program from here as well. We'll go back there in a moment because from the Home tab, you'll see a number of formatting options.
If we're going to be cut, copying and pasting we can do it from here. Look at all the font options, font face size, bold, italics, underline, strike through. We have the subscript and superscript. We also have a highlighter and we can change text color. Then we get into paragraph formatting. And look at the things we can insert into a WordPad document, pictures, our own drawings. We can paint using the paint program right here on our page. Insert the date and time. Let's start there, click the Date and Time, and look at the formats. Choose a format that you like and click OK.
And it's inserted. We'll just hit Return. Let's type in a title here in all caps. Memorandum. And hit Return. To whom it may concern. And return again. So all of this looks the same. Let's do a little formatting just quickly. We'll begin with the title of memorandum. Go to the left of it in the margin, and you'll notice your cursor turns into an arrow, that means you can click once to select the entire line.
How about we center that? Click the Center button. Let's bump this up in size, notice it's going to go from 11 to 12, to 14. I like that. Or we can pick from a drop down, maybe 16 is what we want. We can bold it. We could underline or we could take away the underlining, looks good. To whom it may concern is where we left off. Please take a look at our cherry tomatoes, then we'll hit Enter and insert a picture of cherry tomatoes.
Go up to the Picture drop down, and you can see, once we get the picture in there, we can change it and resize it. But let's go to picture to select that. Go to our exercise files, which are probably on your Desktop, if you're like me. Double-click that folder. There's our cherry tomatoes. Select it and click Open. Now that's going to insert the picture right where the cursor's flashing in your document. Course it can be resized. Let's just click once to select it. The Handles appear around the outside.
I'm going to go to the bottom right corner. When I see it turn to a double arrow Click and Drag upwards to resize this. And that's going to be a more manageable size right there. You can click anywhere outside the picture to deselect, and then continue hitting Enter, and add additional text. Let's save this, clicking the save button will update our changes. And because we haven't saved it yet, it doesn't have a name. Notice that Save As appears and SkyDrive is our default location.
We'll type in Memorandum. Notice the format defaults to RTF, rich text format, and clicking the drop down shows you some other options like XLM. There's plain text formats, text document, and the MS DOS version of text format, Unicode text. And I'll leave it as Rich Text and click Save using the name Memorandum. Now of course we'll have access to this from anywhere because it's on Skydrive, the name appears in the Title bar and we will continue working with our text document.
There are a number of other things you can do with paragraph formatting, like indenting. You can create bulleted and numbered lists. There are formats to choose from. There's formatting here for line spacing as well. A lot of things that you wouldn't get with Notepad. But you might see in a word processor. Something to keep in mind if you don't need a full blown word processor, it's a nice, fast, and easy way to create decent looking documents. Let's close this up since we've saved it and return to our start screen by pressing the Windows key on our keyboard.
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