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Windows 8 was a new direction for Microsoft, offering mobile integration, cloud storage, and security enhancements. But some people were unhappy with its design. Windows 8.1 answers these complaints and takes Windows a step further. In this course, David Rivers shows you all its essential features. Take a tour of the interface, review the new file and folder behaviors, and meet the most useful apps, including Calendar, Photos, Maps, and Music. David also shows how to adjust system settings like default programs and volume, work with external devices, and set up networks. The final chapters show you how to keep your computer even more secure with Access Control and Windows Defender, and how to troubleshoot potential issues, like reversing fatal crashes.
One of the best ways to secure your account here in Windows 8.1 and thus secure your PC is to require a password to log in. You can set that up for every account including your own. There are some different password options as well as something called a PIN to make it more convenient. We're going to look at all of this right now from the start screen. Let's go to our PC settings, Windows i on the keyboard. Next we'll click Change PC Settings, and from here we're going to go to accounts. Now we've been here before but we are going to look at the signin options now.
When we click Sign In options you can see we have the Change Password option. Notice that a strong password helps keep your account more secure, and what's meant by a strong password is one that maybe uses alphanumerics, that's letters and numbers, upper and lower case, even special characters. So if you wanted to, you could change your password from here. It's the standard procedure. You click Change, you'll be prompted for your current password, and when you press Enter, you'll see another field to re-enter that old password, and then come up with the new one, which you'll have to enter twice.
That's only because you're not seeing what you're typing. Notice there are some restrictions here. They have to be at least eight characters, contain at least two of the following: uppercase letters, lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols, and that's what makes up a strong password. Let's click Cancel. Here's that other option, which is to create a picture password. And this is ideal for touchscreens, where you can touch areas on a screen, draw circles and lines. So, although it's best for touchscreens, like smartphones and tablets, we can do it here on the PC as well.
Let's add a picture password. Again, you'll be prompted for your current password just so that the system knows it's you who's changing your password. Enter that, pressing Return or Enter on your keyboard, and the first step is to choose your picture. Let's click Choose picture. And we're going to go to our exercise files. So on this PC, I want to make sure that's selected, I'm going to my desktop, that's where I put my exercise files, and I'm going to click Exercise Files.
So I can use any one of these pictures. I'm going to use Veggies. When I click Open, that's the picture I'm going to be using if I click Use This Picture. If I don't like it, I can choose a new picture. But I do. So I'm going to click Use This Picture. And now you can see I need to draw three gestures on this picture. And I can use any combination of circles, straight lines, and taps. So, for example, if I wanted to, I could start with a circle, maybe draw a circle around this head of cabbage, and you can see a circle flash there when you're done.
Now we're on to step two. I could do another circle, I could do a tap, or draw a line. Maybe I'll draw a line from this head of lettuce to the radishes up in the top right corner. Click, drag, and release, and you can see a flash of that. Now I'm on to step three. I'm just going to tap this broccoli note down here, right in the first O, right in the center, and click. There we go. Now just to confirm that we've done exactly what we thought we were doing, we need to repeat this.
So again, we draw a circle. We draw a line, and we tap inside the o. If that was close enough you'll see Congratulations, and we've successfully created our picture password. All we have to do now is click Finish, and that's what we'll use to log in to our account. Notice also under picture password now, we have a new button to remove it if we no longer want to use a picture password. So again, this is most useful on a touch device, touch screen, if you have one connected to your computer.
I'm going to click Remove, because I don't have a touch screen. Another option is to use a PIN. Typically with smart phones, for example, to unlock them, you'll enter four-digit numbers. Well you can do that here in Windows 8.1 on any device. Just click Add to add a PIN. Again, you'll be prompted for your current password. And when you press Enter, or click OK, you'll be prompted to enter a PIN. This is a four-digit code. You don't see what you're typing unless you click the eye icon off to the right.
That's why you need to confirm down below, so we'll click there, type in the exact same code, and click Finish. You've now added a PIN, so you can use that. It's a faster, more convenient way to unlock your screen. I'm going to remove that and continue to work with my regular password. One other option down below is the Password Policy which is a password being required when waking this PC from sleep mode. So if you do have your screen set to shut down or sleep after a certain amount of time, you need a password by default to unlock it.
And if we wanted to change that, we could, by clicking Change. You'll notice that you're about to make a change, and this affects all accounts on this PC. So if there are multiple accounts, anyone with a password won't need it to unlock the PC or wake it up, meaning, if you left it looking at something that's confidential in your own account, that's what they're going to see. So you click Change, and you'll notice now a password is not required when waking this PC. So rethink that. If you're the only user, no problem. However, if there are other people using this on their own accounts, you'll want to click Change to change it back.
So now it says password required when waking this PC from sleep. Perfect. Alright, let's press the Windows key to go back to our start screen. And that's a quick look at the various ways you can password protect your accounts and your computer here in Windows 8.1.
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