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Windows 8 was a new direction for Microsoft, offering mobile integration, cloud storage, and security enhancements. But some people were unhappy with its design. Windows 8.1 answers these complaints and takes Windows a step further. In this course, David Rivers shows you all its essential features. Take a tour of the interface, review the new file and folder behaviors, and meet the most useful apps, including Calendar, Photos, Maps, and Music. David also shows how to adjust system settings like default programs and volume, work with external devices, and set up networks. The final chapters show you how to keep your computer even more secure with Access Control and Windows Defender, and how to troubleshoot potential issues, like reversing fatal crashes.
When you want to create simple graphics, maybe work on images using some basic editing techniques, there's a built in accessory you're probably already familiar with from previous version of Microsoft Windows. It's still available here in Windows 8.1, it's the Paint accessory, we're going to take a look at it now. So you won't find it here on the start screen, but if you go to the All apps button in the bottom left corner and click there. Then scroll over to the right. Check it out, under Windows accessories you'll find the Paint icon. Let's give it a click. It does take us back to the old desktop environment to launch, and we're presented with a blank canvas ready to start creating.
Notice up at the top as we tour the UI, we have a title bar with Untitled, until we save our file that's what we see. There's a quick access toolbar with some quick access to save, undo, and redo commands. We can click the drop down, like any quick access toolbar, to add or remove options. I like open and I like print on my quick access toolbar, I'm going to select those. Down at the bottom of screen, we have a status bar showing us certain pieces of information like, as you can see here in inches, our default width and height.
And over here on the right hand side, our zoom level's set to 100%. We have a zoom slider for zooming out with the minus sign, click the plus sign to zoom in. Or drag the slider back and forth until you hit the level you want We can also go to the ribbon. Let's click the File tab first to take a look at the file commands for creating new images, opening existing ones, saving and save as. Hover over Save as for a second, and take a look at the different formats we can save to, from very high quality formats to low quality formats, depending on what we're doing with the graphic.
Because we have JPEG and PNG formats, we can actually open up photos, do some minor editing, and save them back to these formats if we wanted to. There is a print option here, and a number of different ways to print, we have print, page setup and print preview. If you have a scanner or a camera connected you can import images using those pieces of hardware. And then, if you wanted to send your finished product out via email, you could do it directly from the File tab here. Let's check out our properties though by clicking Properties.
We can see what we have for image properties, but we can also make adjustments, for example, units if you prefer pixels, you can see the width and the height, in pixels, centimeters or inches. I like inches, that's why I changed to that. And our graphic image can be in black and white or color, color being the default. If you wanted to change the width of your canvas, let's say to 11 inches by eight and a half, which would be letter format, landscape, you just click and drag over those values, type in something over it.
And with 8.5 typed in, I can click OK, and you can see I have a much bigger canvas. Let's go back to the File tab > Properties, and go back to the default. By clicking the Default button, you can see we go right back to the original width and height. Click OK, and now we can see our entire canvas here, set with the zoom level at 100%. Other options that we might want turned on or off before we start creating appear under the View tab, let's go there.
Again we can zoom in and out from here or go directly to 100%, but we can also turn on rulers. Notice across the top and bottom now because I'm using inches, I have a ruler that will help me create shapes and drawings that are a little more precise if I need to be. And in fact, if I need things to line up perfectly, I can use grid lines, it's like creating graph paper. I'm going to turn that off. Now let's go back to the Home tab now, where we have all the tools we need for creating our image file. Notice the different categories, the clipboard for cut, copy, and paste. We have some images tools.
Then we have the tools themselves, brushes, shapes, sizes, and colors. We're going to use almost all of this stuff. Beginning with a shape, let's go up to the oval. When we click the oval we're ready to go down below, just click and drag. You'll notice any shape that's selected has an outline and a fill. When we click the outline drop down we could choose to have no outline, a solid color, or use one of the brushes. By default, you're using a solid color, and that color appears over here in the colors palette.
So let's keep solid color. For fill, when you click that drop down, you'll see no fill, but if you wanted it to be solid, you could choose solid color as well. And I think it should be a nice, bright yellow. When we click the yellow swatch, you can see color one turns into yellow, that's our foreground color. Color two is your background color and when you start removing things, cutting, erasing, what's left in the background is the color you see here.
So if we go back down to our canvas and simply draw an oval by clicking and dragging, you can see what's happening, background color is white. So let's press Delete on the keyboard and change color two by clicking it to yellow as well. And now when we click and drag, notice, we have an outline of yellow, and our background color is yellow as well. Hold down your Shift key if you want to create a perfect circle. You can see how it constrains the proportions to create a perfect circle.
Let go of your mouse first and then your Shift key to keep it in perfect dimensions. It's selected, you can see handles around the outside, so if you wanted to make adjustments to the width, to the height, or both, you can go to any of these handles, and start clicking and dragging. Let's click anywhere on the canvas now to deselect it. Next we're going to draw a line, not a straight line, but this curved line. Let's give it a click. And we're going to need to change our color now. Let's go to color one and choose black.
And the size can be adjusted as well. Let's go to the second option, which is a little bit thinner, and we'll start on the very far left. When you go off the canvas your mouse pointer turns to a pointer, when you touch the edge of the canvas, it goes back to that special looking icon representing we're actually drawing. Click and drag across from the left all the way over to the right, it doesn't have to be perfectly level, and we'll make sure we go as far as we can to the edge of the canvas, and release. Now this is supposed to be a curved line, which means now there's a second step, and that is to pull from anywhere along this line in a direction that will create the curve.
I'm going to go like so. Perfect, and we're done. Next, we'll go to the straight line. Let's draw a couple of straight lines, we'll go from the valley here, out, and we'll do it again. Very good. Let's try another tool. Let's go up to our tools here and click the paint can. And this is our fill tool, so we can choose the color that we want to use as a fill. Let's go to a nice dark blue, color one turns to a blue, and we'll just click in the background here.
Let's go to a nice, dark green. And if you want to, you can edit these colors by clicking edit colors, choose something even darker maybe. There we go. I'm going to click OK. And click over here on the left, over here on the right. And now I'm left with this center portion, which I think is going to be a nice, dark gray. We'll select that, and click there. You can see our image is starting to take shape. Let's try some of the brushes now. When we go to brushes, you'll notice as you hover over these, you have some different options, regular brush, calligraphy. There's a couple of calligraphy brushes.
This is the one I want here, the air brush, let's click it. Let's adjust the size, so it's fairly wide as far as the spray goes. And for the color, choose white. Now we can start clicking and dragging to spray on the canvas. So if we wanted to, for example create some clouds, we could do it like so. You can change the size to something smaller to create some clouds in the distance.
I think you got the idea. If we want to erase anything, we have an eraser tool. Let's go there, remembering that when we erase something, we're going to be left with color two in the background. So, let's go back to color two, select it, choose the dark blue if we want to erase one of these clouds. We can create a good size for our eraser, something a little bigger. And as we click and drag over that, you can see it's being erased, and blue is left in the background. When we're ready to save, we can go to the Save button, this will open up the Save as dialogue box, because we haven't saved it yet, so even if we use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+S, we're going to see the Save as dialogue.
We can choose were it's going to go, bring it to our documents, for example. Down below Untitled is the default name. The default type is PNG. Let's do landscape. Click the drop down for the save as type, and there are those formats again. And you can see we can go all the way to a bitmap or GIF format if we're going to send this via e-mail for example, but we also have higher resolution formats like JPG, PNG and TIFF formats. Let's save this one as a BMP 24-bit.
And when we click Save, we just saved it, and the name of our file appears across the top. That's a quick look at the Paint accessory. Of course, if you wanted to, you could also use the Open button to open up files. You'll find your files, but we could also for example, go to our exercise files. Mine are on the desktop. Double-click that, and open up an image. I'm going to open up these flowers. And I might want to zoom out now, so I can see more of the image, and start making adjustments to it.
Now I can start drawing on top of it, but really it's not a photograph editing program. It's as if I wanted to do some basic graphic creation on top of this, I could. And, save it back to the same format in this case a JPEG. I don't want to, so I'm going to simply close up the Paint program, press my Windows key to return to the start screen, and that is the Paint accessory.
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