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Windows 8 was a new direction for Microsoft, offering mobile integration, cloud storage, and security enhancements. But some people were unhappy with its design. Windows 8.1 answers these complaints and takes Windows a step further. In this course, David Rivers shows you all its essential features. Take a tour of the interface, review the new file and folder behaviors, and meet the most useful apps, including Calendar, Photos, Maps, and Music. David also shows how to adjust system settings like default programs and volume, work with external devices, and set up networks. The final chapters show you how to keep your computer even more secure with Access Control and Windows Defender, and how to troubleshoot potential issues, like reversing fatal crashes.
Whether you're working on a computer, a smart phone, maybe a tablet, for example, at some point or another you may need to make adjustments to the sound or audio settings for your device. If you're on a tablet or a smart phone and you want to increase or decrease the volume coming out of the speakers, it's easily done on the device itself. You'll find a button somewhere. But here on a computer it's a little bit different, so we're going to begin on our Start screen looking at our system sound or adjusting our speaker volume. To do that, all we need are the settings.
By going down to the bottom right or top right corner, one of those hot corners, you'll see the charms. Click the Setting charm and you'll see down here in the bottom half of this screen, a speaker icon with a number just below it representing the current volume out of 100. To make an adjustment, we click that icon and then click the little button on the slider and drag it up to increase our volume. When you let go you'll hear a beep. (SOUND) And you can drag it down to decrease the volume. You'll always hear that beep at the current volume setting.
I'm going to go to 37 and release. (SOUND) Much quieter. Maybe you're going to be in a conference call. You want to simply mute out your speaker so there are no interruptions in the background. Click the same icon, but go to the speaker icon above the slider, give that a click and you're muted. At the end of the conference call, go back and do the same thing to unmute. Just like that. Lets click in the background of our start screen. That's simply what we would call system sound or speaker volume that we can adjust right from here.
Other adjustments, like other devices that might be connected to your computer. System sounds. That beat that we heard when we were adjusting volume. All of those types of things can be adjusted as well, but we do them from the desktop environment. From our Start screen, lets type in the word sound. You'll notice there are a couple of sound recorders, sound settings that we can access. Notice the speaker icon. It looks like something that would run in the old desktop environment as oppose to the settings charm that we see next to system volume. That's what we just changed.
We can go right back to it from here. And some other sound options. And really, what we want is to go to that desktop environment clicking sound, which will take us there and open up the sound window. Now from here we have a number of different tabs. Playback, Recording, Sounds, and Communications. We'll begin with Playback, which really is for me my external speakers. You might see external speakers here. You might see internal speakers as well. All I have is this one option. When I click it I can go to the Properties to adjust things.
General properties like what they are called. Notice it's a high-def audio device for me. There's jack information here as well. We're going to go to levels. And you'll see the current level which I just set over in the start screen settings, but I can set them up here as well. There's a slider to increase and decrease the levels. Maybe I want to actually go down a little further to 36. There's your mute and un-mute button. But we can take it a step further with balance settings if you have surround sound speakers, let's say left, right, center, sub woofers.
And may be rear left anbd rear right speakers as well. Now that we can go up to 7.1. And each one of these has its own slider, so we can make adjustments to them individually, or click okay to leave them as it is. But, just so you know it's there. We can also enhance the sound coming out of our speakers with the enhancements tab. For example, maybe you want to deepen the bass. You can use bass boost. Virtual surround. So maybe you have two speakers but you want it to sound like surround sound. You could do that as well. Let's deselect those.
There's also something called room correction where we'll take you through a wizard driven set of options that will check out your room acoustics and adjust the speakers accordingly. That's kind of cool. If you click that, you can see that starts that wizard. You can click Next. Notice you have a microphone. You need a microphone if you want to be able to set this up. I'm going to click Cancel, but it's a nice option if the acoustics are important to you, when you're recording, for example. There's also something called loudness equalization so you can avoid those spikes, you know, when you go too high, or too low.
Just try and keep it at a steady volume. All of these can be previewed using the Preview button down below. Let's go to Advanced for a second here. You'll see some information about your sample rates and bit depths as well. You could adjust the quality from here. I'm using 16-bit, which is CD quality, but you can see there are different options here. You could go all the way up to studio quality, if you wanted to. Keeping in mind if you're recording things, you're going to be recording audio that's going to take up a lot more room on your system with higher quality.
I'm going with the lowest quality. You can test this as well. Let's just click OK. Any changes are saved, and we'll move on to recording. So, in this case, you might have a microphone attached. You might even have something else like a webcam attached, like I do, each with their own mic. So I'm seeing levels here as I'm speaking. And, you might be hearing me through the microphone. If I was maybe holding a conference using Skype, I'd be using that microphone. And each one of these can be selected, and we can go into the Properties to make adjustments here as well.
Just as we could when working with our speakers. going to click Cancel. Let's go to Sounds. One of the things you noticed when you were adjusting the system volume from the Start screen was that little beep at the various levels. And, as you can see here, using the Windows default sound scheme down below you'll see program events and the sounds that are assigned to them. So, for example,as we scroll down the default beep, if I select it, and click test. (SOUND) That's the beep I was hearing. It's called Windows background.
If I want to change it to something else, I can. Just by clicking the drop down, and look at all the options I get for different sounds. Let's see what this first ring sounds like. Click Test. Interesting. Notice the default beep speaker icon has changed color, indicating we've made an adjustment there. Let's go back. We'll go back to the Windows background. If you want, you can test that. That's the sound we're used to hearing.
But any of those sounds, or any of these events, can be adjusted. So, for example, when you hear an error you might hear a certain sound that can be adjusted. You can even browse to your own sounds if you wanted to. And communications. I like this one here. Notice that Windows can automatically adjust the volume of different sounds when you're using your PC to place or receive telephone calls. That is, voice over internet protocol. Let's say you're using Skype to make a call, and there are other things going on.
You might want those sounds to be reduced. By default they will be reduced by 80%. Maybe that's a little too extreme for you and you can change it to 50% or not do anything at all or simply mute all other sounds when you're a voice over internet, for example to place or receive a telephone call. I'm going to leave mine at 80, so I still hear those sounds faintly in the background. At the end of my call they'll go back to 100%. If you made a change, you can click Apply, or simply click OK.
Let's return to our start screen. Those are some of the audio settings that you can adjust, both,here from the start screen and in the old desktop environment, related to different devices that might be connected to your computer.
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