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In Windows 7 Essential Training, David Rivers helps users of any level feel comfortable with the improvements and enhancements found in Microsoft's operating system. From simple navigation through the updated graphic user interface, David shows how to install or upgrade and get the most out of Windows 7. He covers using the new Internet Explorer 8 and boosting a computer's memory with the ReadyBoost tool. He also highlights hardware configuration options and explores the advances made connecting a home or work system with Windows Live, the cloud-computing environment made available for Windows 7 users. Exercise files accompany this course.
Spyware are those hidden little programs that probe around your computer trying to get at your personal information. You can get spyware on your computer by accessing the Internet, by installing programs or with Windows 7, you can also defend against spyware with Windows Defender. We are going to check it out now. Let just go down to the Windows orb and type in defend. That's all you need to type and at the top under Control panel, that's where we go to find Windows Defender or Scan right from here, and you will notice the icons are the same.
We can go directly to scanning our computer for spyware and any other unwanted software by selecting this link. But let's go to Windows Defender. It opens up the program. Here you are going to see some status information. For example, on this computer I am working with, there are no unwanted or harmful software detected and it's running normally. Down below I also see the last time a scan was performed. I can see the current schedule, all of which I can change of course, whether or not I have real-time protection turned on or not and my Antispyware definition version and when it was last created.
So, I have got a very recent version. So, if you wanted to perform a scan, all you need to do is go up to the Scan button, click Scan and it starts scanning your computer. And you can see it might take a few minutes because it's scanning the entire computer. There are options for what can and cannot be scanned. That's totally up to you. And let's just let this continue all the way across the progress bar. Of course, we already know that there are no problems on this particular computer. But we will see the results of our scan very shortly.
Now, the type of scan we just ran, the default scan is called a Quick scan. You can see when it started, how long it took, how many resources were scanned and everything looks fine. I have got the green bar across the top indicating everything is running normally and I have got updated status down below. Now, how do we change the settings? Well, we just simply go up to the tools button and from here there's lots of different items. First lets move down to tools here. Quarantined items, these are items that are removed by the system, placed in a temporary holding area, until you decide whether or not they should be removed for good or whether or not they need to be restored.
We can access the Windows Defender website from here. Check out which items are allowed, so view software that we have chosen not to monitor. Another setting we can adjust. And Microsoft Malware Protection Center is available, right from this link where you can get information on malware and so on. Let's go over to Options though. Now here is where we have access to all of the options that we just saw in action in Windows Defender, starting with Automatic scanning at the top and this is something I like to leave on. My computer will automatically be scanned and I can choose how often, the frequency and the time and the type of scan.
And you can see for me it's happening daily. If I want to change that to a particular day of the week, it would become weekly and I can choose the day. I am going to go to Sunday. I am going to leave the time at 2:00 AM but I could change it to anytime I like. And the type of scan is what we just witnessed, a Quick scan. But there are full scans as well and they take longer. I am going to choose Full scan, and I can also choose whether or not Windows Defender is going to check for updated definitions before scanning. That's part of my Windows update.
I am going to leave it deselected and run a scan only when my system is idle. Odds are, Sunday morning at 2:00 AM, this computer will be idle and the full scan will be all to take place. Let's check out Default actions now, in the Navigation pane on the left hand side. We can choose what actions occur when spyware or other software is detected. So here we have the different levels. A Severe alert item, obviously this is a type of program that's getting in there and compromising my computer security and my privacy.
So when I click this dropdown, I could choose to have severe alerts totally removed or quarantine. The default is Recommend action based on definition. So I will see a recommendation and I can choose whether or not to accept or reject that or choose one of these others. So, I will leave it at Recommended. Same goes for the other alerts. I have got High, Medium and Low alerts and I can choose just to automatically apply the recommended actions by clicking this checkbox and I won't be prompted. But I like to be prompted. I would like to see what's going on.
So, I am going to leave that deselected. Real-time protection is also something I would like to leave on. So as I am downloading files such as attachments from an e-mail or as I am running programs on my computer, they are being scanned in real-time, as it is happening and you can see Use real-time protection is turned on. It's recommended and down below you can choose what is being scanned. I am going to leave both of these downloaded files and attachments as well as programs. We can also choose here which files and folders we want to exclude.
In other words, we don't want them scanned. We know they are safe. Let's go to the Add button and if you have got the Exercise Files we can add the Exercise Files. We just need to know how to locate them. Well I am going to go to the C drive here, down to Users, I am going to go to my Users here and I am going to go to my own Desktop. I can click the little dropdown and see the Exercise Files folder right there. I want the entire folder left alone. It won't be scanned. When I click OK, it now appears on the list and anytime I can remove that from the list by selecting it and clicking Remove.
But I am going to save those changes. Now it takes me back out, so I could have waited. I am going to go back into Options and go down to Excluded file types. These aren't specific files, but rather types of files I don't want scanned. For example, you can see up here they use the JPG format. These are pictures and typically there won't be programs or spyware embedded in an image like a JPEG image, a digital photo for example. So you can come down here and add as many as you like and you just them in the field at the top. Notice the example it uses an *.jpg. So that could be anything in the beginning, that's a wildcard, the period and then the file type.
But I am going to leave this blank. There's also an Advanced section, where you'll see what can be scanned. Scan archive files, e-mail, I want my e-mail scanned as well. Removable drives. When I plug-in, for example, a USB drive, should it be scanned? Select that checkbox if you want it as well. You can see the other options to choose from here. If you are the administrator of this computer and you have got full access, you can go to the Administrator section and there's two options here.
So you have got Use this program and Display items from all users of this computer. If there are many users, for example, connected to this computer, when Use this program is turned on, you will be alerted and all the users on this computer will be alerted if spyware or any other software that could be malicious is running. Now down below is the Administrator. I want to be able to see what other users are doing in the way of protecting their computer. So I want be able to see their history, which items they have chosen to allow or not be scanned, which ones are quarantined and I need to be the Administrator obviously to view what's going on with all the other users who might log on to this computer.
Again, when you are done, if you have made changes, you need to click Save. That takes you back out and you can close Windows Defender to return to your desktop and know that your computer is going to be safe from malicious spyware.
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