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Styling tables

From: Web Accessibility Principles

Video: Styling tables

>> We've seen how to create the structure of data tables, now let's start styling them. If you're following along with the exercise files we're working on the page government.html, which is in the 07_04 folder of the chapter seven exercise files. Open the page in Dreamweaver and then click on the new CSS rule button in the CSS styles panel. Click on tag for the selector type. In the tag menu, click on the arrow to bring up a list of possible tags, scroll down to select table.

Styling tables

>> We've seen how to create the structure of data tables, now let's start styling them. If you're following along with the exercise files we're working on the page government.html, which is in the 07_04 folder of the chapter seven exercise files. Open the page in Dreamweaver and then click on the new CSS rule button in the CSS styles panel. Click on tag for the selector type. In the tag menu, click on the arrow to bring up a list of possible tags, scroll down to select table.

For the define in option, leave the selection in styles.css. Previously we had been defining styles in the head of the document, but once we created multiple pages on the site, it made sense to move the styles into an external style sheet that could be referenced by multiple pages throughout the site. We're going to add our table styles to the central style sheet so that all of the pages can share them. Click okay. Click on the box category in the CSS rule definition dialogue box.

Uncheck the same for all box under margin then place your cursor in the bottom field under margin and type 1.3. In the adjacent menu, choose M's as the unit of measurement. The other property that we want to add to the table is actually not available within the CSS rule definition dialogue box, so click okay. Our new table rule is added and can be seen in the CSS rules panel. Click on the add property link and type border-collapse.

In the adjacent property field type collapse as the value as well. Hit enter or return to accept the property. The border collapse property is only used on the table element. What it does is get rid of the default gaps between table cells. It also enables adjacent borders to be merged into each other. For instance if you had two cells in a table and both of them had borders set on all four sides, the borders would be doubled up in between them.

Setting the border collapse property to a value of collapse keeps this from happening. Next let's add a rule for the caption element. Click on the new CSS rule button at the bottom of the CSS styles panel, leave advanced selected for the selector type. In the selector field delete the default text that Dreamweaver has added and type TD, TH. This is another group style. It will affect all of the TD and TH tags at the same time.

Keep defined in styles.css selected and click okay. Click on the box category in the CSS rule definition dialogue box. Uncheck the same for all box under padding and enter .2 in the top field and in the bottom field. In the right field under padding enter .4 and also enter .4 in the left field. Now go to each unit of measurement menu and choose M's.

Next, click on the border category. Leave all the same for all boxes checked. Click in the top menu under style and select solid. Under width type 1 and leave pixels selected as the unit of measurement. Then click in the color field and type #D5DDDD. Now click okay. You'll see that there our styles.css file is now open.

When we began adding rules to it, Dreamweaver automatically opened it in the background. It has an asterisk beside it to denote that it has been changed since it was last saved. Click on that file now. You'll see the last three rules that we have added. Go to the File menu and choose save. Then go back to government.html. Let's preview it in a browser. Click on the glove icon in the document tool bar and select preview in Firefox.

Scroll down to see the whole table. It reflects the styles that we just added. You can see that the border is not doubled up between adjacent cells but is one pixel in width throughout. In this case, we chose not to style table heading cells any differently than body cells, but their default styling of bold is still in effect because we did not explicitly override it. But you can style tables just as you would any other element to fit into the design of your site.

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This video is part of

Image for Web Accessibility Principles
Web Accessibility Principles

68 video lessons · 26205 viewers

Zoe Gillenwater
Author

 
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  1. 2m 0s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      57s
  2. 33m 15s
    1. What does accessibility mean?
      5m 51s
    2. How does accessibility help your users?
      3m 30s
    3. Experiencing a website via a screen reader
      5m 46s
    4. How does accessibility help you and your clients?
      3m 9s
    5. Overview of Section 508 standards
      5m 51s
    6. Overview of WCAG standards
      6m 4s
    7. Understanding consistency and semantic markup
      3m 4s
  3. 54m 31s
    1. Understanding screen readers and accessibility tools
      6m 12s
    2. Getting accessible browsers
      5m 41s
    3. Customizing Firefox for accessibility testing
      5m 53s
    4. Using custom accessibility toolbars
      5m 28s
    5. Using Fangs and the Color Contrast Analyzer
      5m 30s
    6. Accessibility tools to bookmark
      5m 53s
    7. Using automated accessibility checking tools
      4m 57s
    8. Setting up the JAWS screen reader on Windows
      6m 42s
    9. Using the VoiceOver screen reader on Mac OS X
      5m 52s
    10. Setting Dreamweaver accessibility preferences
      2m 23s
  4. 26m 12s
    1. Avoiding tables for layout
      3m 30s
    2. Using CSS for layout
      2m 40s
    3. Creating a fixed-width layout
      5m 51s
    4. Creating an elastic layout
      3m 51s
    5. Creating a liquid layout
      3m 4s
    6. Customizing a liquid layout
      7m 16s
  5. 1h 6m
    1. Specifying the language
      3m 43s
    2. Setting page titles
      2m 16s
    3. Setting headings and paragraphs
      9m 55s
    4. Styling headings
      9m 56s
    5. Hiding section headings from sighted users
      6m 41s
    6. Styling text for readability
      6m 41s
    7. Ensuring proper color contrast
      6m 36s
    8. Creating text emphasis
      4m 29s
    9. Indicating quotations
      4m 29s
    10. Creating basic lists
      4m 16s
    11. Styling lists
      7m 15s
  6. 1h 15m
    1. Using lists for navigation
      6m 45s
    2. Creating a horizontal navigation bar
      13m 25s
    3. Creating a vertical navigation bar
      11m 44s
    4. Adding skip navigation links
      12m 0s
    5. Hiding skip navigation links
      6m 17s
    6. Proper link text and title attributes
      6m 11s
    7. Opening new windows
      4m 28s
    8. Accessibility limitations of fly-out menus
      6m 30s
    9. Creating an accessible fly-out menu
      8m 38s
  7. 27m 55s
    1. Proper ALT text for navigation images
      4m 57s
    2. Proper ALT text for decorative images
      5m 19s
    3. Adding ALT text to an existing site
      6m 9s
    4. Adding ALT text to image maps
      5m 58s
    5. Describing complex graphics
      5m 32s
  8. 34m 1s
    1. Using tables for data
      3m 0s
    2. Creating header cells
      4m 5s
    3. Adding table captions and summaries
      9m 9s
    4. Styling tables
      5m 19s
    5. Applying header cells to complex tables
      6m 52s
    6. Adding id and headers attributes
      5m 36s
  9. 42m 7s
    1. Understanding form accessibility issues
      3m 7s
    2. Labeling form fields
      6m 9s
    3. Adding fieldsets and legends
      4m 42s
    4. Moving forms out of tables
      3m 44s
    5. Cleaning up a form's appearance
      4m 53s
    6. Aligning labels and fields using CSS
      9m 39s
    7. Indicating required fields
      6m 15s
    8. Dealing with CAPTCHA
      3m 38s
  10. 7m 29s
    1. The Text-Only technique
      3m 21s
    2. The Access Keys technique
      2m 35s
    3. The Tab Index technique
      1m 33s
  11. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

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