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Specifying the language

From: Web Accessibility Principles

Video: Specifying the language

>> In this chapter we are going to replace the placeholder content that Dreamweaver added to our pages by default with real text for our example site. We're going to focus on making that text accessible. Before we add any text to the page though we need to specify what language the text is going to be in. The page that we'll be working with is named visitors.html. If you are working along with the exercise files, it's located in the chapter four folder inside the starting sub folder. This is the same page that we worked on in the previous chapter but some additional styling has been added unrelated to accessibility to help the site start to take shape and keep us focused on changes made for accessibility not the minutiae of purely decorative styling.

Specifying the language

>> In this chapter we are going to replace the placeholder content that Dreamweaver added to our pages by default with real text for our example site. We're going to focus on making that text accessible. Before we add any text to the page though we need to specify what language the text is going to be in. The page that we'll be working with is named visitors.html. If you are working along with the exercise files, it's located in the chapter four folder inside the starting sub folder. This is the same page that we worked on in the previous chapter but some additional styling has been added unrelated to accessibility to help the site start to take shape and keep us focused on changes made for accessibility not the minutiae of purely decorative styling.

We've also cleaned up the CSS as you've seen in the CSS files panel simply to make it easier to read and for us to make further changes to it as we develop our site. The site that we will be building is for a fictional town named Wordscott and this page is the visitor's page of the site. We're going to be setting the language of the page in the HTML doing so makes this information about the language available to be used by screen readers to provide the correct reading, other uses are for language specific searches and search engines, translation tools that people may run on your site, spell checking tools in people browsers, as well as how the browser might format the text.

Such as if it needs to choose a certain font to display special characters or choose particular types of quotation marks and other punctuation markings. To define the base language for the entire page we'll need to go into the code view. Click on the code button in the document toolbar in the top left corner of the page. We need to add an attribute to the opening HTML tag so scroll up to the top of the code, place your curser inside the HTML tag immediately before its closing bracket, then type LAN="EN-US".

This is the LANG attribute and we've set the language of this page to be US English. If you have multiple languages on the same page you can use this LANG attribute on whatever HTML element surrounds the different piece of text that you need to denote. For instance the placeholder text that is still in the sidebar has two different languages listed. Stay in code view and scroll down until we get to the sidebar. ( Pause in speaking ) >> The side bar appears immediately after the heading DIV on line 89 in the filevisitors.html.

The first paragraph shown in the side bar is in English, the second paragraph is in Latin. We can add LANG attributes to each of these paragraphs to denote the change. We've already set a base language of English for the page so we don't need to set a LANG attribute on the first paragraph. For the second paragraph, place your cursor inside its opening tag immediately before the closing bracket type a space and then LANG="LA" this tells the screen readers, search engines and other devices that the language of this part of the page is Latin.

For a list of possible language codes that you can add to your pages go to en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ISO_639-1_codes. Now that the language of the page is set we just need to set the page title before adding in our content. We'll look at the accessibility implications of page titles next.

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This video is part of

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Web Accessibility Principles

68 video lessons · 25706 viewers

Zoe Gillenwater
Author

 
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  1. 2m 0s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      57s
  2. 33m 15s
    1. What does accessibility mean?
      5m 51s
    2. How does accessibility help your users?
      3m 30s
    3. Experiencing a website via a screen reader
      5m 46s
    4. How does accessibility help you and your clients?
      3m 9s
    5. Overview of Section 508 standards
      5m 51s
    6. Overview of WCAG standards
      6m 4s
    7. Understanding consistency and semantic markup
      3m 4s
  3. 54m 31s
    1. Understanding screen readers and accessibility tools
      6m 12s
    2. Getting accessible browsers
      5m 41s
    3. Customizing Firefox for accessibility testing
      5m 53s
    4. Using custom accessibility toolbars
      5m 28s
    5. Using Fangs and the Color Contrast Analyzer
      5m 30s
    6. Accessibility tools to bookmark
      5m 53s
    7. Using automated accessibility checking tools
      4m 57s
    8. Setting up the JAWS screen reader on Windows
      6m 42s
    9. Using the VoiceOver screen reader on Mac OS X
      5m 52s
    10. Setting Dreamweaver accessibility preferences
      2m 23s
  4. 26m 12s
    1. Avoiding tables for layout
      3m 30s
    2. Using CSS for layout
      2m 40s
    3. Creating a fixed-width layout
      5m 51s
    4. Creating an elastic layout
      3m 51s
    5. Creating a liquid layout
      3m 4s
    6. Customizing a liquid layout
      7m 16s
  5. 1h 6m
    1. Specifying the language
      3m 43s
    2. Setting page titles
      2m 16s
    3. Setting headings and paragraphs
      9m 55s
    4. Styling headings
      9m 56s
    5. Hiding section headings from sighted users
      6m 41s
    6. Styling text for readability
      6m 41s
    7. Ensuring proper color contrast
      6m 36s
    8. Creating text emphasis
      4m 29s
    9. Indicating quotations
      4m 29s
    10. Creating basic lists
      4m 16s
    11. Styling lists
      7m 15s
  6. 1h 15m
    1. Using lists for navigation
      6m 45s
    2. Creating a horizontal navigation bar
      13m 25s
    3. Creating a vertical navigation bar
      11m 44s
    4. Adding skip navigation links
      12m 0s
    5. Hiding skip navigation links
      6m 17s
    6. Proper link text and title attributes
      6m 11s
    7. Opening new windows
      4m 28s
    8. Accessibility limitations of fly-out menus
      6m 30s
    9. Creating an accessible fly-out menu
      8m 38s
  7. 27m 55s
    1. Proper ALT text for navigation images
      4m 57s
    2. Proper ALT text for decorative images
      5m 19s
    3. Adding ALT text to an existing site
      6m 9s
    4. Adding ALT text to image maps
      5m 58s
    5. Describing complex graphics
      5m 32s
  8. 34m 1s
    1. Using tables for data
      3m 0s
    2. Creating header cells
      4m 5s
    3. Adding table captions and summaries
      9m 9s
    4. Styling tables
      5m 19s
    5. Applying header cells to complex tables
      6m 52s
    6. Adding id and headers attributes
      5m 36s
  9. 42m 7s
    1. Understanding form accessibility issues
      3m 7s
    2. Labeling form fields
      6m 9s
    3. Adding fieldsets and legends
      4m 42s
    4. Moving forms out of tables
      3m 44s
    5. Cleaning up a form's appearance
      4m 53s
    6. Aligning labels and fields using CSS
      9m 39s
    7. Indicating required fields
      6m 15s
    8. Dealing with CAPTCHA
      3m 38s
  10. 7m 29s
    1. The Text-Only technique
      3m 21s
    2. The Access Keys technique
      2m 35s
    3. The Tab Index technique
      1m 33s
  11. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

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