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Creating basic lists

From: Web Accessibility Principles

Video: Creating basic lists

>> Lists are another element in HTML that add structure to your text and provide information on how pieces of information relate to each other. They can be incredibly important to screen reader users. When a list is marked up correctly, many screen readers will announce when it comes to the list and say how many items are in the list. The user can then decide whether to skip over the list or not. If text is only given the appearance of being in a list, but not actually marked up as one in the HTML, the user will not be told when the list starts and will have no idea how much longer they have to sit through the reading of the list.

Creating basic lists

>> Lists are another element in HTML that add structure to your text and provide information on how pieces of information relate to each other. They can be incredibly important to screen reader users. When a list is marked up correctly, many screen readers will announce when it comes to the list and say how many items are in the list. The user can then decide whether to skip over the list or not. If text is only given the appearance of being in a list, but not actually marked up as one in the HTML, the user will not be told when the list starts and will have no idea how much longer they have to sit through the reading of the list.

If you're following along with the exercise files, open visitors.html in Dreamweaver. It's located in the 04_10 folder of the chapter four exercise files. In design view, scroll down the page to the events section. There's currently a block of text that is made to look like a list but has not actually been marked up as one. The three items under the sentence Wardscott's Annual Events include, just have dashes written in the text to make it look like a list and line breaks at the end of each line.

This text should be changed to an unordered list. An unordered list is used to markup a series of information where the order of the items in the list is not important. It's rendered by default with bullets. You create an unordered list in Dreamweaver in the properties inspector. The button showing three bulleted lines turns selected text into an unordered list. The button to its right shows number list items. This is used to make an ordered list, which marks up a series of information where the order of items is important.

It usually shows a progression or sequence and by default it's rendered with numbers or other sequential markers such as letters. Before we click the unordered list button to change the selected text into a list, we need to make some changes to it. Place your cursor before the text Wardscott Heritage Festival. Use the backspace key to remove the dash at the beginning of that line as well as the line break between the sentence that precedes it then hit enter or return to create a new paragraph. Repeat this process for the next two lines.

Remove the dash, remove the line break and then hit enter to create a new paragraph. This is the ideal starting point to create a list in Dreamweaver. Highlight over these three new paragraphs. Now you can click the bulleted icon on the properties inspector to create an unordered list. Dreamweaver changes each paragraph into a list item within the unordered list. Let's see how screen reader may handle this list. Click on the globe icon in the document toolbar at the top of the window.

Select preview in Firefox from the menu. You'll be asked to save the page, so click yes. You can scroll down the page and see our bulleted list. Now let's launch JAWS and see how it handles the list. If you're on a MAC, you can use the voice over screen reader to read this page, but keep in mind that it doesn't currently announce when you're coming to a list or how many items are in the list. To launch JAWS, go to your Start menu and click on JAWS in your programs list.

>> Digital Voice: JAWS 40 minute mode. Desktop. To move between items press the arrow keys. Page has 8 settings and no links. Visitors vertical bar Town of Wardscott heading level two section navigation. >> I just pressed the control key to stop JAWS from reading the entire page. What we're interested in at this point is how it reads the list. To jump directly to the list press the L key on your keyboard. I'm going to do that now. >> Digital Voice: List of three items. >> As you heard, JAWS announces that it is a list and how many items are in it.

If we are interested in hearing this list, we should press insert and the down arrow to make JAWS read from this point on the page onward. If the list was very long and we didn't want to read it, we should press the D key on the keyboard to move to the next different type element. In other words, the next element on the page that is not a list. So we've just created a basic unordered list and seen how it can be used by a screen reader. Next we'll change the visual style of the list using CSS.

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This video is part of

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Web Accessibility Principles

68 video lessons · 26115 viewers

Zoe Gillenwater
Author

 
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  1. 2m 0s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      57s
  2. 33m 15s
    1. What does accessibility mean?
      5m 51s
    2. How does accessibility help your users?
      3m 30s
    3. Experiencing a website via a screen reader
      5m 46s
    4. How does accessibility help you and your clients?
      3m 9s
    5. Overview of Section 508 standards
      5m 51s
    6. Overview of WCAG standards
      6m 4s
    7. Understanding consistency and semantic markup
      3m 4s
  3. 54m 31s
    1. Understanding screen readers and accessibility tools
      6m 12s
    2. Getting accessible browsers
      5m 41s
    3. Customizing Firefox for accessibility testing
      5m 53s
    4. Using custom accessibility toolbars
      5m 28s
    5. Using Fangs and the Color Contrast Analyzer
      5m 30s
    6. Accessibility tools to bookmark
      5m 53s
    7. Using automated accessibility checking tools
      4m 57s
    8. Setting up the JAWS screen reader on Windows
      6m 42s
    9. Using the VoiceOver screen reader on Mac OS X
      5m 52s
    10. Setting Dreamweaver accessibility preferences
      2m 23s
  4. 26m 12s
    1. Avoiding tables for layout
      3m 30s
    2. Using CSS for layout
      2m 40s
    3. Creating a fixed-width layout
      5m 51s
    4. Creating an elastic layout
      3m 51s
    5. Creating a liquid layout
      3m 4s
    6. Customizing a liquid layout
      7m 16s
  5. 1h 6m
    1. Specifying the language
      3m 43s
    2. Setting page titles
      2m 16s
    3. Setting headings and paragraphs
      9m 55s
    4. Styling headings
      9m 56s
    5. Hiding section headings from sighted users
      6m 41s
    6. Styling text for readability
      6m 41s
    7. Ensuring proper color contrast
      6m 36s
    8. Creating text emphasis
      4m 29s
    9. Indicating quotations
      4m 29s
    10. Creating basic lists
      4m 16s
    11. Styling lists
      7m 15s
  6. 1h 15m
    1. Using lists for navigation
      6m 45s
    2. Creating a horizontal navigation bar
      13m 25s
    3. Creating a vertical navigation bar
      11m 44s
    4. Adding skip navigation links
      12m 0s
    5. Hiding skip navigation links
      6m 17s
    6. Proper link text and title attributes
      6m 11s
    7. Opening new windows
      4m 28s
    8. Accessibility limitations of fly-out menus
      6m 30s
    9. Creating an accessible fly-out menu
      8m 38s
  7. 27m 55s
    1. Proper ALT text for navigation images
      4m 57s
    2. Proper ALT text for decorative images
      5m 19s
    3. Adding ALT text to an existing site
      6m 9s
    4. Adding ALT text to image maps
      5m 58s
    5. Describing complex graphics
      5m 32s
  8. 34m 1s
    1. Using tables for data
      3m 0s
    2. Creating header cells
      4m 5s
    3. Adding table captions and summaries
      9m 9s
    4. Styling tables
      5m 19s
    5. Applying header cells to complex tables
      6m 52s
    6. Adding id and headers attributes
      5m 36s
  9. 42m 7s
    1. Understanding form accessibility issues
      3m 7s
    2. Labeling form fields
      6m 9s
    3. Adding fieldsets and legends
      4m 42s
    4. Moving forms out of tables
      3m 44s
    5. Cleaning up a form's appearance
      4m 53s
    6. Aligning labels and fields using CSS
      9m 39s
    7. Indicating required fields
      6m 15s
    8. Dealing with CAPTCHA
      3m 38s
  10. 7m 29s
    1. The Text-Only technique
      3m 21s
    2. The Access Keys technique
      2m 35s
    3. The Tab Index technique
      1m 33s
  11. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

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