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Adding fieldsets and legends

From: Web Accessibility Principles

Video: Adding fieldsets and legends

>> Once we have labels added to our forms, another type of structure we can add is field sets and legends. A field set groups a series of related form elements, for instance field for street address, city, state and zip code could all be grouped under mailing address. You could create a field set that groups all of these elements and give it an appropriate legend to describe that group. The legend is essentially a heading for all of the items in the field set. When a person using a screen reader comes to one of the fields in a field set, the screen reader will also read out the legend text before the label, such as mailing address city.

Adding fieldsets and legends

>> Once we have labels added to our forms, another type of structure we can add is field sets and legends. A field set groups a series of related form elements, for instance field for street address, city, state and zip code could all be grouped under mailing address. You could create a field set that groups all of these elements and give it an appropriate legend to describe that group. The legend is essentially a heading for all of the items in the field set. When a person using a screen reader comes to one of the fields in a field set, the screen reader will also read out the legend text before the label, such as mailing address city.

Using legends and field sets in addition to labels is especially important when you have two groups of elements that are very similar except for their groups type, such as a group of fields for billing address and a group for mailing address. You probably don't want to write billing address city, billing address zip code and so on for every label in your form, so providing a legend with that additional information lets you keep your information simple for sighted users while still understandable to those who can't see a heading for an entire group of fields.

If you're following along with the exercise files, open the page departments.html in Dreamweaver. It's saved in the 08_03 folder of the chapter eight exercise files. This is the same form we were working on in the last movie, but the remaining labels have been added to all of the fields. Also, the single table that was holding together the entire form has been split into multiple tables to make adding the field sets easier. We're going to do that now. Click inside the form, go to the insert tool bar at the top of Dreamweaver and select the forms tab then select the field set button.

It's the fifth button from the right immediately to the right of the button labeled ABC. Click on that button. A dialogue box opens asking you for the legend. Type in contact information then click okay. We now need to add the first table in our form into that field set. Click inside the table then go down to the tag selector at the bottom of the document window and click on the table tag. Press control X or command X on your keyboard to cut the table.

Then place your cursor at the end of the contact information legend and press enter or return. Then press control V or command V on your keyboard to paste the table into your field set. Scroll down to the next table. Place your cursor to the right of the second table. In the insert tool bar again click the field set button. Once again we're asking for a legend. In the case of a grouping of radio buttons or checkboxes, the question that precedes that groups should be the legend. That's because the question is essential for understanding the items below it.

You want to make sure that it gets read as well as the label text for each of the individual radio buttons and checkboxes, so you can put the question itself into the legend, so simply retype the question do you prefer to be contacted via email or phone? Then click okay. Now we can delete this row of the table. Click inside the table cell with the question listed then click the TR tag in the tag selector then click on the code button in the document tool bar. The entire row will be selected, so simply hit backspace or delete on your keyboard to get rid of it.

Go back to design view by clicking on the design button in the document tool bar. Click inside the email and phone table and then click the table tag on the tag selector. Press control X or command X to cut the table, then place your cursor at the end of the question legend, hit enter and hit control V or command V to paste in the table. We have one more field set left to add. Click beside the final table then in insert tool bar click on the field set button. In the dialogue box enter your comments in the legend field then click inside the table above, click on the table tag in the tag selector, hit control X or command X to cut, place your cursor at the end of the your comments legend, hit enter or return, and control V or command V to paste.

The last item in the form is the submit button. It's not necessary to wrap a field set around this button. If you did have several buttons that could be used on your form though, you might consider wrapping them all in a field set. We don't need to do that on this form so we've finished adding all of the structure that we need. It now has all of the extra pieces of HTML that it can for accessibility, labels, field sets and legends. But we can further improve its structure by removing the fields from the tables that are currently being used for the form layout and use CSS instead to control the forms formatting.

We'll cover how to do that next.

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This video is part of

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Web Accessibility Principles

68 video lessons · 25705 viewers

Zoe Gillenwater
Author

 
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  1. 2m 0s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      57s
  2. 33m 15s
    1. What does accessibility mean?
      5m 51s
    2. How does accessibility help your users?
      3m 30s
    3. Experiencing a website via a screen reader
      5m 46s
    4. How does accessibility help you and your clients?
      3m 9s
    5. Overview of Section 508 standards
      5m 51s
    6. Overview of WCAG standards
      6m 4s
    7. Understanding consistency and semantic markup
      3m 4s
  3. 54m 31s
    1. Understanding screen readers and accessibility tools
      6m 12s
    2. Getting accessible browsers
      5m 41s
    3. Customizing Firefox for accessibility testing
      5m 53s
    4. Using custom accessibility toolbars
      5m 28s
    5. Using Fangs and the Color Contrast Analyzer
      5m 30s
    6. Accessibility tools to bookmark
      5m 53s
    7. Using automated accessibility checking tools
      4m 57s
    8. Setting up the JAWS screen reader on Windows
      6m 42s
    9. Using the VoiceOver screen reader on Mac OS X
      5m 52s
    10. Setting Dreamweaver accessibility preferences
      2m 23s
  4. 26m 12s
    1. Avoiding tables for layout
      3m 30s
    2. Using CSS for layout
      2m 40s
    3. Creating a fixed-width layout
      5m 51s
    4. Creating an elastic layout
      3m 51s
    5. Creating a liquid layout
      3m 4s
    6. Customizing a liquid layout
      7m 16s
  5. 1h 6m
    1. Specifying the language
      3m 43s
    2. Setting page titles
      2m 16s
    3. Setting headings and paragraphs
      9m 55s
    4. Styling headings
      9m 56s
    5. Hiding section headings from sighted users
      6m 41s
    6. Styling text for readability
      6m 41s
    7. Ensuring proper color contrast
      6m 36s
    8. Creating text emphasis
      4m 29s
    9. Indicating quotations
      4m 29s
    10. Creating basic lists
      4m 16s
    11. Styling lists
      7m 15s
  6. 1h 15m
    1. Using lists for navigation
      6m 45s
    2. Creating a horizontal navigation bar
      13m 25s
    3. Creating a vertical navigation bar
      11m 44s
    4. Adding skip navigation links
      12m 0s
    5. Hiding skip navigation links
      6m 17s
    6. Proper link text and title attributes
      6m 11s
    7. Opening new windows
      4m 28s
    8. Accessibility limitations of fly-out menus
      6m 30s
    9. Creating an accessible fly-out menu
      8m 38s
  7. 27m 55s
    1. Proper ALT text for navigation images
      4m 57s
    2. Proper ALT text for decorative images
      5m 19s
    3. Adding ALT text to an existing site
      6m 9s
    4. Adding ALT text to image maps
      5m 58s
    5. Describing complex graphics
      5m 32s
  8. 34m 1s
    1. Using tables for data
      3m 0s
    2. Creating header cells
      4m 5s
    3. Adding table captions and summaries
      9m 9s
    4. Styling tables
      5m 19s
    5. Applying header cells to complex tables
      6m 52s
    6. Adding id and headers attributes
      5m 36s
  9. 42m 7s
    1. Understanding form accessibility issues
      3m 7s
    2. Labeling form fields
      6m 9s
    3. Adding fieldsets and legends
      4m 42s
    4. Moving forms out of tables
      3m 44s
    5. Cleaning up a form's appearance
      4m 53s
    6. Aligning labels and fields using CSS
      9m 39s
    7. Indicating required fields
      6m 15s
    8. Dealing with CAPTCHA
      3m 38s
  10. 7m 29s
    1. The Text-Only technique
      3m 21s
    2. The Access Keys technique
      2m 35s
    3. The Tab Index technique
      1m 33s
  11. 18s
    1. Goodbye
      18s

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