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Different ways to use shutter speed

From: Pro Video Tips

Video: Different ways to use shutter speed

So we know that for normal shooting and normal motion. Now another way you can use high shutter Now another way that we can manipulate shutter speed Now another fun use of shutter speeds, if Now the last cool shutter speed trick I'll share with

Different ways to use shutter speed

So we know that for normal shooting and normal motion. we want to set our shutter speed to double our frame rate. But what about when we want to have a little more fun than normal motion? That's what I want to talk about in this movie. So first, let's look at how we can achieve freeze frames and slow motion in post production. By manipulating our shutter speed. Even if your camera doesn't have built in slow motion ability like that found on many higher end prosumer cameras. You can still achieve decent slow motion shots by adjusting your shutter speed.

Then slowing down the footage in a non linear editing program such as Premier or final cut Pro. To do this, shoot only the particular scene to be slowed down at a very high shutter speed. Anywhere from 1/1000th on up. Whatever you've got, take it up as high as you can go. You might want to experiment first to see what works best for your camera in slow motion. The faster the action you want to slow down or freeze frame, the higher you want to set that shutter speed to. So kids on a merry ground, could probably be shot at a speed of 1/2000th and still look good when slowed down in post.

However, to get clean slow motion of something really fast, like a goalie stopping a flying hockey puck. You'd want to shoot at a very high shutter speed in order to actually see the puck in mid flight. So your camera may or may not be capable of going up to high enough shutter speed to capture really fast action. One thing you have to keep in mind when trying this technique, is that a higher shutter speed by necessity. Will result in a much darker image than a normal shutter speed. Since you're physically letting less light into the lens.

So you'll need to shoot in full daylight in a very bright studio or environment. Or with the camera's gain or ISO cranked up. And cranking up the gain or ISO of course, will result in more video noise. So it's always best to try to keep that to a minimum when you can. Now another way you can use high shutter speed as a story telling device is to shoot your scene at a high shutter speed and not manipulate the speed of the footage and post. Just leave it just like it is, the end result will be footage that appears very surreal.

Or strange and disturbing. It's surreal because things and people that aren't moving, will pretty much look the same as they do where they're normally shot on video. However, anyone or anything in the frame that is moving, will appear as if it's under a strobe light. Waving a hand in front of the lens will appear as if you're waving four hands. In the past decade, many narrative films have employed this effect to create a feeling of surrealism or to jar the audience. Specifically, I'm thinking of the big battle scenes in Saving Private Ryan.

The zombie attack scenes in 28 Days Later. The bank robbery sequence in inside man. All of these use high shutter speeds or manipulate the shutter angle, to mess with the audience's head. This technique is most useful for sports, music videos and narrative projects. Where it compliments the story or the scene at hand. To get the equivalent of that with a shutter angle when shooting at 24 frames per second. Again, you just want to shoot at a much lower shutter angle such as 11 degrees.

And you'll get pretty much that same strobe like effect. Now another way that we can manipulate shutter speed is to boost the exposure for low light situations. Now this is probably the most common reason that camera people manipulate shutter speed, is just to compensate for low lighting conditions a little bit. The primary purpose of shutter speed remember, is to control how motion is portrayed on video. But the secondary purpose is to help manipulate exposure. It's standard practice for many videographers to lower their shutter speed one or two settings below normal.

So instead of shooting with a shutter speed of 1/48 when shooting at 24 frames per second, they might instead set their shutter speed to 1/32. Or even to 1/24th if they were feeling really wild and crazy. This means each frame of video is exposed a little bit longer. And therefore will be a little bit brighter. Now, unlike using gain, lowering your shutter speed naturally lets more light into the lens. So it's like being able to shoot a full stop below your lowest f stop without having any video noise side effect.

Because it's only a notch or two down from your normal shutter speed setting. This has a minimal effect on motion, that results in slightly more image blur. But not enough to be bothersome. I do this automatically just about any I'm shooting at an event that takes place at night. If you're using shutter angles, a higher shutter angle that lets in more light than normal, like 240 degrees. Should do the same trick for you just fine if you're shooting at 24 frames per second. Now another fun use of shutter speeds, if you lower your shutter speed way below normal.

Say in the 1/3 to 1/15 range. It will make stationary objects in the background appear as normal. But moving things will appear as colorful blurs. This creates a very surreal and dreamlike effect. This makes shooting at very slow shutter speeds a popular choice for flash backs and dream sequences. Another popular way shooters use this technique is to have a character hold perfectly still while the entire world zips by around them. As they appear as if they are frozen in time.

Now the last cool shutter speed trick I'll share with you guys, has limited applications, but it can come in handy. Shutter speeds of 1/3 or lower, let a lot more light into the lens than shooting at a normal shutter speed. Or a slightly slower shutter speed. When you use these super slow shutter speeds, our darkroom will appear on video as if it was fully lit or even over exposed. With no video noise added to the picture. In order to avoid overexposing your shot in this mode, you may need to close down your lens.

At these super-slow shutter speeds, motion appears extremely exaggerated. So rather than just getting a trailing image of moving subjects and objects are delayed, sometimes by several seconds. And fast-moving subjects may become barely perceptible phantom-like blurs. The second application of this effect is a little more specialized, and that's faking ghost footage. So to do this, just follow the same procedure I just told you in a darkened room and have an actor run or walk quickly through the scene.

And you've got yourself a video phantom. So that little trick could come in handy if you're shooting a paranormal reality TV show. And the real ghost fails to show up on set. So those are just some of the many ways and fun things you can do with shutter speed. Again, a lot of these effects you've seen before. And you might think that they involve some fancy special effect software. But many of these are simple and easy effects that can be done in camera with the tools that you have available to you right now.

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This video is part of

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Pro Video Tips

111 video lessons · 15292 viewers

Anthony Q. Artis
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  1. 12m 13s
    1. 10 Filmmaking Lessons...I Learned the Hard Way NEW
      12m 13s
  2. 2m 8s
    1. Intro to Pro Video Tips
      2m 8s
  3. 17m 27s
    1. Controlling reflections in glass
      4m 7s
    2. Managing color with polarizers
      2m 32s
    3. Using a polarizer to adjust skin tones
      2m 0s
    4. Using polarizers when shooting landscapes
      4m 42s
    5. Ten polarizer tips
      4m 6s
  4. 14m 34s
    1. Supplies to get to hide lav mics
      2m 13s
    2. Hiding lavs in collars
      5m 16s
    3. Hiding mics in hair
      2m 17s
    4. Hiding mics in sheer tops
      2m 40s
    5. Hiding transmitter packs on talent
      2m 8s
  5. 34m 25s
    1. Canon C100 overview
      11m 33s
    2. Looking at the Atomos Ninja
      12m 20s
    3. Checking out the C100 menu options
      10m 32s
  6. 10m 28s
    1. Ten tips for set safety
      10m 28s
  7. 9m 18s
    1. Packing a truck
      9m 18s
  8. 19m 24s
    1. Putting together your lens kit
      1m 0s
    2. Normal lenses
      1m 54s
    3. Wide lenses
      3m 5s
    4. Ultra-wide and fish-eye lenses
      2m 53s
    5. Telephoto lenses
      4m 53s
    6. Super zooms
      2m 54s
    7. Macro lenses
      2m 45s
  9. 17m 22s
    1. The importance of exposure
      1m 31s
    2. Using waveforms
      5m 3s
    3. Using histograms
      6m 53s
    4. Using zebra stripes
      3m 55s
  10. 10m 20s
    1. Shutter speed overview
      3m 18s
    2. Different ways to use shutter speed
      7m 2s
  11. 10m 29s
    1. Tips for keeping your budget down
      10m 29s
  12. 10m 11s
    1. Working with batteries
      10m 11s
  13. 24m 39s
    1. External audio settings
      4m 2s
    2. Audio input menus
      9m 31s
    3. Audio output menus
      4m 6s
    4. Setting and monitoring your levels
      7m 0s
  14. 16m 33s
    1. Introduction to backlight
      1m 18s
    2. Types of backlight
      3m 51s
    3. Exposing for backlit shots
      5m 31s
    4. Backlighting translucent object
      1m 39s
    5. Avoiding lens flare and wash out
      4m 14s
  15. 13m 28s
    1. Booming techniques
      13m 28s
  16. 5m 42s
    1. Feeding your crew
      5m 42s
  17. 8m 36s
    1. Choosing between prime, servo, and manual zoom lenses
      5m 19s
    2. Running and gunning with prime lenses
      3m 17s
  18. 10m 55s
    1. Green screen lights and materials
      3m 47s
    2. Mounting the green screen
      1m 39s
    3. Lighting the green screen
      3m 8s
    4. Lighting your subject
      2m 21s
  19. 9m 28s
    1. What to look for when buying a tripod
      6m 13s
    2. Working with monopods
      3m 15s
  20. 23m 19s
    1. Choosing a camera
      3m 2s
    2. Preparation and supplies for a surf shoot
      2m 13s
    3. Dealing with lens fog
      1m 44s
    4. Mounting your POV camera
      3m 20s
    5. Tracking and shooting your surfer from the shore
      6m 56s
    6. Interview with Tony Cruz
      6m 4s
  21. 8m 37s
    1. Introduction to lens mounts
      1m 24s
    2. Canon mounts
      2m 0s
    3. PL mounts
      1m 59s
    4. Nikon mounts
      1m 24s
    5. Micro 4/3 mounts
      1m 50s
  22. 7m 30s
    1. Introduction to lighting ratios
      1m 19s
    2. Comparing ratios
      2m 52s
    3. Measuring light ratios
      3m 19s
  23. 10m 25s
    1. Ten Looks in Ten Minutes
      10m 25s
  24. 5m 36s
    1. Using camera height and POV to better tell your story
      5m 36s
  25. 9m 49s
    1. Tips for lighting an interview subject
      9m 49s
  26. 15m 5s
    1. Taking 10 pounds off your subject
      4m 1s
    2. Dealing with nose shadows
      3m 3s
    3. Lighting different skin tones
      2m 55s
    4. Putting makeup on your subject
      5m 6s
  27. 10m 4s
    1. Types of cookies
      4m 6s
    2. Making your own custom cookies
      2m 47s
    3. Controlling the look of a cookie
      3m 11s
  28. 18m 11s
    1. Introduction to shooting sports footage
      1m 15s
    2. Getting good coverage for your sport shoot
      5m 55s
    3. Camerawork for shooting sports videos
      5m 4s
    4. Gear to bring on your sports shoot
      4m 52s
    5. Wrapping up
      1m 5s
  29. 8m 34s
    1. Tips for using bounce light
      8m 34s
  30. 21m 43s
    1. Video portrait intro
      1m 51s
    2. Video portrait camera work
      13m 32s
    3. Considerations for a video portrait interview
      4m 11s
    4. Bonus: Finished video portrait
      2m 9s
  31. 9m 48s
    1. Shooting at 24p
      3m 2s
    2. Using depth of field
      1m 37s
    3. Lighting for a film look
      1m 18s
    4. Using filters
      2m 31s
    5. Getting a film look with software
      1m 20s
  32. 38m 57s
    1. Introduction to professional car rigs
      7m 41s
    2. Attaching a side mount rig
      12m 58s
    3. Mounting a speed rail rig
      10m 54s
    4. Hood suction mount
      4m 27s
    5. Car rig safety tips
      2m 57s
  33. 14m 3s
    1. Manipulating the size of people
      6m 12s
    2. Manipulating the size of buildings
      2m 59s
    3. Making crowds look more crowded
      4m 52s
  34. 12m 32s
    1. Introduction to lighting cars
      5m 13s
    2. Lighting the car from outside
      3m 10s
    3. Lighting the car from inside
      4m 9s
  35. 13m 46s
    1. Packing your gear for air travel
      6m 8s
    2. What to do at the airport
      4m 39s
    3. Getting on the plane
      2m 59s
  36. 15m 53s
    1. Why you should hire an editor
      1m 29s
    2. Working with editors during pre-production
      3m 33s
    3. Working with editors during shooting
      4m 3s
    4. Working with editors after your shoot
      4m 18s
    5. Final tips on working with editors
      2m 30s
  37. 7m 46s
    1. Tips on avoiding scam film festivals
      7m 46s
  38. 5m 22s
    1. 36. Four common budgeting mistakes
      5m 22s

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