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Setting a class for the resource titles in the text

From: Typography for Web Designers

Video: Setting a class for the resource titles in the text

So far we have styled our heading using an h1 tag. Our text is styled with P tag. These tags automatically add a line break when we use them. What if we want to style a word or words without adding a line break? We create and use a class. In this lesson you will need biblio_ serif_class.html and biblio_serif_class.css from the exercise folder. Open up the HTML page in the browser. The headlines are italic. But you will see the names of the resources are not italic and they should be.

Setting a class for the resource titles in the text

So far we have styled our heading using an h1 tag. Our text is styled with P tag. These tags automatically add a line break when we use them. What if we want to style a word or words without adding a line break? We create and use a class. In this lesson you will need biblio_ serif_class.html and biblio_serif_class.css from the exercise folder. Open up the HTML page in the browser. The headlines are italic. But you will see the names of the resources are not italic and they should be.

We are going to fix that with a class. Open up the CSS file and create a class. All classes start with a dot. Let's call this one titles because we are going to use it for our titles. We need our curly brackets and we are going to tell the titles to be font-style: italic. Notice we don't add anything else to the class. We are adding an italic to the text but nothing else. The resource titles will still use the font family from universal selector as well as the font size from the p tag when we set that.

Right now it's still at a default size. A common question I get for my students is what's the difference between a class and a tag? Well tags are standard and recognized. All browsers know what an h1 is and all web designers now what an h1 is. They have default styling. They are part of the backbone of CSS. Classes on the other hand are something you make up to meet your needs. When you put a dot in front of a class browsers will now hey I need to pay attention to the styling here. It's not a tag but it's going to be used to style something in the HTML.

Another difference is how we apply the styling in the HTML. Let's save this and open up our HTML. We want to make the elements of typographic style italic, but we are not going to wrap it with a class tag. There are two different ways to apply a class in the HTML. We are going to use what's called a span tag. In front of the title here, The Elements of Typographic Style, we will start our span tag, using > at the end of the Typographic Style, Elements of Typographic Style will end our span tag.

So we are spanning this title. We are going to span it with our class. So go back to the start of that tag there and add class = titles. I am going to go back and double-check and make sure that I called it titles with an S and I did. Notice I did not add the dot in the HTML. You don't use it here. You only use it in the CSS. Notice I did use quotation marks and that's because I made up the word titles and here I am telling the browser to pay attention to the class that I made up and then I called titles.

I am going to save this and let's view it in our browser. Refresh it and you can see the title is now italicized. We didn't add a line break and we can use this class over and over as we need to. If we had another title we could italicize it as well. So in this lesson we created and applied a class. Classes are powerful tools for typographers. We can use them to style words and sentences when we don't want to create a line break. We can also use them to style a single letter or a whole paragraph if we want these elements to look different from the other letters or paragraphs on the page.

In the next lesson we will look at how to choose a second font, which we will then use to replace the h1 that we have set here.

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This video is part of

Image for Typography for Web Designers
Typography for Web Designers

74 video lessons · 13479 viewers

Laura Franz
Author

 
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  1. 6m 18s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 57s
    3. Things to consider before starting this course
      3m 12s
  2. 41m 3s
    1. Understanding how good typography promotes reading
      2m 9s
    2. Understanding legibility
      4m 41s
    3. Understanding how fonts convey meaning
      5m 19s
    4. Choosing web-safe fonts to convey meaning
      6m 13s
    5. Using font size, case, style, letter spacing, weight, and color to convey meaning
      6m 22s
    6. Choosing web fonts to convey meaning
      6m 23s
    7. Downloading web fonts
      4m 9s
    8. Applying web fonts in CSS with @font-face
      5m 47s
  3. 38m 0s
    1. Choosing a web-safe font for use in text
      4m 13s
    2. Applying the web-safe font to the text and the heading
      3m 4s
    3. Setting a class for the resource titles in the text
      3m 45s
    4. Choosing a second web-safe font for the heading
      2m 42s
    5. Applying the second font to the heading
      2m 16s
    6. Choosing a web font from the Google Font API for use in text
      5m 44s
    7. Adding and applying the Google Font API syntax
      4m 29s
    8. Choosing a second web font from the Google Font API for the heading
      2m 56s
    9. Adding and applying the second font to the heading
      4m 52s
    10. Analyzing the fonts on some professional sites
      3m 59s
  4. 55m 31s
    1. Understanding how we read
      4m 34s
    2. Finding and applying a good font size and line height
      4m 50s
    3. Finding and applying a good line length
      8m 6s
    4. Understanding ems
      6m 17s
    5. Using ems to set font size
      6m 9s
    6. Using ems to set line length
      3m 40s
    7. Understanding how color affects readability
      3m 58s
    8. Improving a color palette by improving contrast
      5m 39s
    9. Improving a color palette by reducing optical vibration
      4m 59s
    10. Analyzing text readability on the professional sites
      7m 19s
  5. 1h 11m
    1. Understanding how we "chunk" visual elements
      3m 59s
    2. Developing a system of hierarchy
      2m 17s
    3. Applying hierarchy in HTML and CSS
      7m 16s
    4. Developing a system to help chunk text for readers
      6m 1s
    5. Applying the system in the CSS
      4m 19s
    6. Changing an element by creating and applying a class
      5m 0s
    7. Using multiple columns to create hierarchy
      4m 12s
    8. Building a two-column system in HTML and CSS
      10m 56s
    9. Refining the horizontal space in a two-column layout
      6m 1s
    10. Adding rule lines to improve chunking
      5m 50s
    11. Adding emphasis within a heading
      4m 36s
    12. Analyzing the chunking on the professional sites
      11m 18s
  6. 17m 57s
    1. Understanding classic and modernist typographic pages
      7m 3s
    2. Understanding how to create rhythm and tension
      6m 0s
    3. Applying typography skills when making design decisions
      4m 54s
  7. 55m 47s
    1. Designing typographic links for the traditional page
      5m 54s
    2. Adding a list of links to the traditional page
      8m 44s
    3. Describing the link states in CSS
      6m 30s
    4. Returning links to their original "unvisited" style
      2m 38s
    5. Using different CSS for different kinds of links
      7m 28s
    6. Using CSS notation to organize syntax
      5m 34s
    7. Choosing a background color or image
      4m 0s
    8. Applying a repeating background image
      2m 58s
    9. Shaping the traditional page layout
      6m 38s
    10. Analyzing the traditional typographic elements on the professional sites
      5m 23s
  8. 43m 0s
    1. Designing typographic links for the modernist page
      6m 47s
    2. Making a list of links run across the page
      2m 14s
    3. Adding and removing space between the navigation links
      6m 50s
    4. Styling the inline links on the modernist page
      5m 33s
    5. Choosing a background color or image for the modernist bibliography
      4m 4s
    6. Applying a no-repeat background image
      4m 13s
    7. Shaping the modernist page layout
      6m 58s
    8. Analyzing the modernist typographic elements on the professional sites
      6m 21s
  9. 52m 53s
    1. Fixing quotation marks and apostrophes
      6m 59s
    2. Fixing dashes
      6m 33s
    3. Working with lining figures (numbers) and acronyms
      9m 28s
    4. Fixing characters that don't look right
      8m 19s
    5. Hanging punctuation
      2m 54s
    6. Applying typographic accents
      2m 36s
    7. Vertically centering text
      5m 18s
    8. Creating drop caps
      5m 59s
    9. Analyzing the typographic details on the professional sites
      4m 47s
  10. 3m 9s
    1. Additional resources
      3m 9s

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