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Adding a list of links to the traditional page

From: Typography for Web Designers

Video: Adding a list of links to the traditional page

In this lesson, we're going to add our links to the traditional bibliography. You need the files biblio_serif_navlinks. html and biblio_serif_navlinks.css from the Exercise folder. You also need the fonts folder with the web font files for Chopin Script that you created in lesson 3 of the last chapter, applying a system of hierarchy in HTML and CSS. The fonts folder should still be on your desktop. If you're just joining us or need to recreate your fonts folder and would like a refresher on how to download and organize web fonts from fontsquirrel.com, see Chapter 1, Lesson 7, Downloading web fonts, from earlier in this course.

Adding a list of links to the traditional page

In this lesson, we're going to add our links to the traditional bibliography. You need the files biblio_serif_navlinks. html and biblio_serif_navlinks.css from the Exercise folder. You also need the fonts folder with the web font files for Chopin Script that you created in lesson 3 of the last chapter, applying a system of hierarchy in HTML and CSS. The fonts folder should still be on your desktop. If you're just joining us or need to recreate your fonts folder and would like a refresher on how to download and organize web fonts from fontsquirrel.com, see Chapter 1, Lesson 7, Downloading web fonts, from earlier in this course.

Keep a copy of the fonts folder on your Desktop. You'll need it for the rest of the course. But for this lesson, put a copy in the Exercise folder. That way Chopin Script font will continue to work. Open up the HTML file in the browser and you can see what we're working with. I've already moved the main heading into its new position, so we can focus on the links. All I did was remove all the margins around the heading container. It's a little close to the top now, but we'll fix that later when we figure out the space around the whole page.

You'll see I've added the text for the links in a div to the left of the text. I also added some padding in the top of this new div, so the links line up with the first resource title. This helps the h2 stand out even more. It sort of pops up above the horizon. But they're not a list of links yet and they all run together. We'll need to fix this. We're going to do that by making the links an unordered list. In your HTML file, we're going to make the links an unordered list.

We use the tag ul for unordered list. Each link within the list is a line item or a list item. We use the tag li for list item and we need to apply those tags on each of the four links here and I'm just copying and pasting. It's quicker and it reduces errors.

I can save this and review it in my browser. Excellent! You see now that the links are a list. If you're familiar with using an unordered list, there is something that's not here that you would expect to see and that's bullets. Unordered lists usually have a bullet on each item and you might be asking yourself, why aren't they showing up, and I'm going to show you. You can follow along and do this part with me or you can just watch while I show you what's happening. In my CSS, I've gone to my universal selector. I've added margin and padding set to 0.

I'm going to cut that just for now and save it and review my web page. So the space is kind of wonky and you can also see that the bullets have shown up. They were hidden. They were outside the visible area of the navigation div that that list lives in. So we're going to go back and put the margin and padding of zero back in, because that's how we want it to be. And we can refresh. Let's see here. I'll save this. Back into my browser, refresh, and you can see that the bullets are gone.

This looks like we're fine and we don't even have to think about bullets at all. But I wouldn't do that and I'm going to show you why. What if at some point in the design we decide to add a left padding to our navigation container? We'll go down here to my nav_container and just for now I'm going to add a padding-left of 20 pixels. I can save this and let's go back and see what happens to our web site here. Besides everything moving around on us, you can see that those bullets are back. So even if I can't see the bullets because of my zero margin and padding in the universal selector, I like to turn them off anyway.

I don't have to worry about them popping up in different browsers and I don't have to think about them later if I play around with padding and margins on a div. So what we're going to do is we're going to go in and get rid of the bullets for good. So what we need to do is we need to style our unordered list. I'm going to add that down at the bottom here. And I start with a ul for unordered list and remember my curly brackets and I'm basically going to type in list-style: none, and that's going to get rid of those bullets.

Let's save this and review in the browser again. And there they are. I mean, well, there they aren't. they're now gone. That's great! So let's get rid of that extra padding I put in. That was up in the nav_ container, get rid of that, save it. And whenever I'm messing around with my syntax, I always go back and review it and make sure that it's gone. So now we've gotten rid of the bullets. Everything looks great. we have to actually make these links into links, they're not links yet, and we're going to be doing that in the HTML.

And these links are going to link to different parts of the page. They're not going out to external pages. So we're going to have to do this in two parts. First, we're going add some named anchors. Those are the places on the page that the links will go to. So let's see here. Let's go to our first h2, so do it right above the content_container here. We are going to type in a name="choosing", and then we have to close this as well.

Close the a. We've just created an anchor called choosing. I named it choosing because this section is Choosing and using fonts. Let's scroll down to the next one and we're going to call this one text because we're working with text on the page. Go down to the next one. We'll call this one current because we are keeping current with web type. And finally, last one.

Let's go ahead, we're going to call this one love because it's for the Love of Type. Save that. So now we have some anchor spots on our page. What we need to do now is actually link to them. So let's go up to our list of links here and inside the list item tag is where you're going to start your link syntax. I'm going to call this one a href=, and we want this one to go to that choosing anchor that we created. Because it's going to an anchor, we need to use the hash mark and we need to end our link.

I am going to copy and paste in here. Choosing will become text and end our link. This one will become current and end our link. And finally, this one will be love and we will end our link. Let's go ahead and save this and review it in the browser. Let's refresh here. Excellent! We have four links and if we click on them, they will take us where we want to go.

Okay, great! Now, they don't look the way we want them to yet, but we'll take care of that later in the chapter. But before we move on and do that, I want to show you why we put the links into an unordered link. I've saved a version of this lesson without the CSS. Here the links are in an unordered list. You can see that they belong together, that they are a list of links, they feel like a unit. I've also saved a version without the CSS where I made each link a paragraph instead of within an unordered list.

Here the links sort of the float away from each other. We can see that they're links, but they no longer feel like they belong together. We no longer get a sense that they are a set of links. Also, setting your links as paragraphs isn't semantically correct. The links are not four paragraphs of text; they're four items in a list. So whenever possible, set your navigation links as a list. We've got our navigation links working and in the next lesson we'll style them.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Typography for Web Designers
Typography for Web Designers

74 video lessons · 13714 viewers

Laura Franz
Author

 
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  1. 6m 18s
    1. Welcome
      1m 9s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 57s
    3. Things to consider before starting this course
      3m 12s
  2. 41m 3s
    1. Understanding how good typography promotes reading
      2m 9s
    2. Understanding legibility
      4m 41s
    3. Understanding how fonts convey meaning
      5m 19s
    4. Choosing web-safe fonts to convey meaning
      6m 13s
    5. Using font size, case, style, letter spacing, weight, and color to convey meaning
      6m 22s
    6. Choosing web fonts to convey meaning
      6m 23s
    7. Downloading web fonts
      4m 9s
    8. Applying web fonts in CSS with @font-face
      5m 47s
  3. 38m 0s
    1. Choosing a web-safe font for use in text
      4m 13s
    2. Applying the web-safe font to the text and the heading
      3m 4s
    3. Setting a class for the resource titles in the text
      3m 45s
    4. Choosing a second web-safe font for the heading
      2m 42s
    5. Applying the second font to the heading
      2m 16s
    6. Choosing a web font from the Google Font API for use in text
      5m 44s
    7. Adding and applying the Google Font API syntax
      4m 29s
    8. Choosing a second web font from the Google Font API for the heading
      2m 56s
    9. Adding and applying the second font to the heading
      4m 52s
    10. Analyzing the fonts on some professional sites
      3m 59s
  4. 55m 31s
    1. Understanding how we read
      4m 34s
    2. Finding and applying a good font size and line height
      4m 50s
    3. Finding and applying a good line length
      8m 6s
    4. Understanding ems
      6m 17s
    5. Using ems to set font size
      6m 9s
    6. Using ems to set line length
      3m 40s
    7. Understanding how color affects readability
      3m 58s
    8. Improving a color palette by improving contrast
      5m 39s
    9. Improving a color palette by reducing optical vibration
      4m 59s
    10. Analyzing text readability on the professional sites
      7m 19s
  5. 1h 11m
    1. Understanding how we "chunk" visual elements
      3m 59s
    2. Developing a system of hierarchy
      2m 17s
    3. Applying hierarchy in HTML and CSS
      7m 16s
    4. Developing a system to help chunk text for readers
      6m 1s
    5. Applying the system in the CSS
      4m 19s
    6. Changing an element by creating and applying a class
      5m 0s
    7. Using multiple columns to create hierarchy
      4m 12s
    8. Building a two-column system in HTML and CSS
      10m 56s
    9. Refining the horizontal space in a two-column layout
      6m 1s
    10. Adding rule lines to improve chunking
      5m 50s
    11. Adding emphasis within a heading
      4m 36s
    12. Analyzing the chunking on the professional sites
      11m 18s
  6. 17m 57s
    1. Understanding classic and modernist typographic pages
      7m 3s
    2. Understanding how to create rhythm and tension
      6m 0s
    3. Applying typography skills when making design decisions
      4m 54s
  7. 55m 47s
    1. Designing typographic links for the traditional page
      5m 54s
    2. Adding a list of links to the traditional page
      8m 44s
    3. Describing the link states in CSS
      6m 30s
    4. Returning links to their original "unvisited" style
      2m 38s
    5. Using different CSS for different kinds of links
      7m 28s
    6. Using CSS notation to organize syntax
      5m 34s
    7. Choosing a background color or image
      4m 0s
    8. Applying a repeating background image
      2m 58s
    9. Shaping the traditional page layout
      6m 38s
    10. Analyzing the traditional typographic elements on the professional sites
      5m 23s
  8. 43m 0s
    1. Designing typographic links for the modernist page
      6m 47s
    2. Making a list of links run across the page
      2m 14s
    3. Adding and removing space between the navigation links
      6m 50s
    4. Styling the inline links on the modernist page
      5m 33s
    5. Choosing a background color or image for the modernist bibliography
      4m 4s
    6. Applying a no-repeat background image
      4m 13s
    7. Shaping the modernist page layout
      6m 58s
    8. Analyzing the modernist typographic elements on the professional sites
      6m 21s
  9. 52m 53s
    1. Fixing quotation marks and apostrophes
      6m 59s
    2. Fixing dashes
      6m 33s
    3. Working with lining figures (numbers) and acronyms
      9m 28s
    4. Fixing characters that don't look right
      8m 19s
    5. Hanging punctuation
      2m 54s
    6. Applying typographic accents
      2m 36s
    7. Vertically centering text
      5m 18s
    8. Creating drop caps
      5m 59s
    9. Analyzing the typographic details on the professional sites
      4m 47s
  10. 3m 9s
    1. Additional resources
      3m 9s

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