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Now that we've spend some time getting familiar with the mixer layout, I'm going to show you how to set up and route effects and buses. I'll begin by adding a reverb to the lead vocal track. Lead vocal track is highlighted. I will right-click and add Effects Channel. And as you can see an effects channel was created to the right of the lead vocal track. I will double-click and call this Reverb 1. Next, I will choose an insert from the list of available plugins, and choose Mixverb. And, I'll choose an Ambience Bright, just so that we have a reverb that is very noticeable.
Close that window and underneath Sends, my reverb is available as a Send Option. I'll choose it. I prefer to route my effects this way because it allows me to send multiple tracks to the same plugin, as opposed to applying on instance of a reverb on every single track that I'd like to have a reverb on. Studio One defaults to a minus six dB send level. Let's solo out the lead vocal and take a listen. (MUSIC). Excellent. The reverb is working.
Let's say that I want to add a delay as well. I can right-click on the reverb channel and I'll and an effects channel right to the right and call this Delays 1. From the list of plugins, I will add a beat delay. We'll leave it as a default setting. I'll add Delays 1 underneath my Sends and you can see I have a little list now, right here, above the Fader. Let's solo this out and take a listen.
(MUSIC). And this effects channel behaves just like any other fader. If that's too much delay, I can simply lower the volume. (MUSIC). I'll close the delay window. And next, let me show you how to set up a bus. Buses come into play when grouping instruments to a single fader.
I'll use Guitars 1 and 2 as an example. I'll right-click on Guitar 2, and add a bus channel. And I'll call this Guitars. I'll highlight both Guitar 1 and 2 and from the available outputs I have guitars. Now, both Guitars 1 and 2 are routed to this guitars bus fader. I like to set up instrument buses because it allows me to control an instrument group section with a single fader. For example, if I wanted to move the overall volume of the guitars up or down, instead of having to move each fader for each guitar track up and down, I can simply do it from the bus fader. And the same logic applies when applying a plugin. If I want to add a compressor to the group, all I do is choose compressor on guitars bus.
And then, we can solo out the guitars (SOUND) and listen to them through the bus. (MUSIC). I'll take the recording able off so we can see the metering. (MUSIC). And to further explain my example, let's pan these left and right, just for now. I'll setup a four bar loop. We'll start right at measure five and go to measure nine, turn loop play on.
(SOUND). So, (MUSIC). As you can hear my bus fader is allowing me to control volume of both guitars. (MUSIC). And the plug in is doing the same thing. We're effecting the group of guitars, not just the single guitar track. Setting up buses and routing effects is an extremely subjective part of the mixing process. And ultimately you may choose to handle your busing and effects routing in a different manner.
But this gives you a jumping off point in terms of implementing these treatments into your mix.
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