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Now it's time to prepare our song for mastering. Generally speaking, mastering involves treating a stereo mix, or what we like to call a final mix. Sometimes, mastering involves treating just a single song or several songs in the case of an EP, which can be three, to four, to five songs. And then, a full length album which can be anywhere from 10, to 12, to 14 songs. What we're looking at is our song session. And before I export this mix for mastering, underneath the Song tab I'm going to change the Song Setup.
I need to change the song end for measure 158 to measure 27, otherwise, we will be exporting silence. Next, underneath the Song menu, I will choose Update Mastering File. And Studio One will default to naming the exported file 0501, which is the same name as our session. It actually adds a -master.wav as a suffix. I will click yes and an offline export occurs.
Next, I will select the Project button, and a new project window pops up, asking me to name my new project. I will click on this box here and Studio One defaults to its own file hierarchy. In other words, Studio One like to place project and song information in the documents folder on your hard drive. But since we're using exercise files, I'm going to change the pathing and choose the Exercise Files folder on my desktop as my destination folder.
And within that, I will select Projects, click Open, and now, my resulting project will be placed in the Exercise File folder. I will change the sample rate to 48, because that's the sample rate of the song. And I will now name this project 0501 to correspond to our chapter. Click OK. And what you're looking at is a blank project page. Now, the nice thing about Studio One and the way that it's set up, is that you can seamlessly float between the song that you have open, the start page, and the project page. Now it's time to import my song for Mastering. I hit F5.
Opens up my browser and I have my exported mix O5O1 master. I drag it on to the timeline. And I also included an extra song called Urban 1 so that we have more than one song to work with when it comes to demonstrating mastering. I'll drag that on to the timeline, hit F5, and I'll expand my view by hitting the E key on the keyboard. As you can see, I have two songs now on the timeline and I can also see their names up here in the Track Column. If I click on urban one, urban one is highlighted, and the urban one name is up in this upper box above the inserts.
If I click on 0501 master, the song name changes, and 0501 master is highlighted. Moving from left to right, we have our inserts column here. If I'd like to add a plug-in to an individual track, I click on the plus sign and I can choose chorus and then on my second track I have the ability to add a plugin as well that is track specific. So as I toggle between my first track and my second track you can see that the plugins I chose are there.
I'll remove them. Next, we have the insert column for the master fader. Sometimes during Mastering, you may want to apply EQ or compression to the overall collection of songs as opposed to the individual tracks themselves. And there is also an area to apply plug-ins post fader. We have the audio spectrum meter and peak meter in here, and I'll play a little bit of the first song, so that you can see the metering in action. (MUSIC).
To the far right, we also have a phase meter, and when I play that, you can see there will be a little bit of graphic activity going on letting us know if the mix is in phase. (MUSIC). (MUSIC). As I look at my track column, I'm not crazy about Studio One's default name of my track 0501 master, so I'll double-click, and name it Song In a Minor.
There, that's much better, and you'll notice that the name changed in the audio regions window as well. I also have the same functionality within this audio region as I did in the audio regions when working in songs. I can change the gain of my region by simply pulling that button down. Or I can create fades, just like we did in song sessions by clicking and dragging. It's important to spend a few minutes getting comfortable preparing your songs for mastering from the song page.
And it's equally as important to spend a few minutes navigating the project page, so that you become very comfortable with its layout.
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