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In Soundbooth CS5 Essential Training, author Jeff Sengstack demonstrates how to record, edit, optimize, and enhance audio using the professional tools in Adobe Soundbooth CS5. This course covers basic audio edits, such as trimming, fading, and panning clips, removing unwanted noise, enhancing audio with special effects, and creating stereo blends from multiple tracks. An overview of recording hardware and a detailed explanation of core audio concepts are included as well. Exercise files accompany the course.
Now that you have edited some audio files and applied some effects, it is time to save those files. And in this movie, I want to explain how you save individual audio files or video files with audio, as opposed to saving multitrack files. I explained multitrack file saving in a different movie. I have loaded up four original files. These are files that I do not want to save back to their original name. I want to save them to some other name to preserve the original file because I want to like keep those raw files, so that I can always go back to them in case things go really wrong down the road or I have made some horrible mistake in my editing, and I need to start it all over again.
These are all four files that I do not want to lose them, but I will make some edits to them, and then I will save them under different names to ensure that I have not destroyed the original files. And I want to start with a stereo file. In addition, I also have a 5.1 file here that I will talk about in a moment, and a mono file, and a video that has audio associated with it. And you can see it has audio because it has a little speaker there and a little filmstrip meaning it is video with audio. Let us go to the keyword+ bass, which is a stereo file. This right now is unedited. So, I am going to do a couple of edits.
I am going to trim the beginning a little bit, trim the end, apply a nice fade. We are going to logarithmic fade, like so, by dragging it up and now I have made some edits. So, now, I want to save this. I am not going to save it as keyboard+bass.wav. I want to save it as keyboard+bass. I will say edited. I typically put the word edited at the end of a file that I have edited to differentiate it from the original. So, now I am going to save this. There are a couple of ways to do that. If I just go up here, I go to File> Save, and that will be the bad thing, because that saves it onto the original file name and when you reopen it, you cannot undo the edits, unless you save this as an ASND file, an Adobe Soundbooth Document file, which if you save it with what is called the Snapshot, and I have discussed snapshots in a different movie, then you can go back and undo your edits.
But I am going to just avoid the whole Save thing and go right to Save As, and I could have clicked Ctrl+Shift+S on Windows or Command+Shift+S on a Mac, but I will just use the menu command. I will just go File>Save As, click that. It opens up this dialog box, uses the original file name here, but I am going to change it to Hyphen edited, make sure I do not replace my original one. And then I will save this file type with default to the file type that is -- but you can click this down arrow, and see all the various different file types that are available to use.
Some of these are audio, some of these are video, and we are going to focus on audio right now. There is the ASND sound document, which I will talk about in a moment, then there is Advanced Audio Coding, and some video file formats. Here are some audio mp4, which is the so called the H.264 format, which is also at use for AAC. And we will go down to ones that are a little more commonly used. WMA is the compressed windows audio format, AIF is the Mac uncompressed audio format, and then we have got WAV, which is the Windows uncompressed audio format, and MP3 is kind of the standard compressed audio format used on all kinds of portable devices.
So let us go with MP3 for now. And if I click Save, we are not done yet. Now we need to click Save and see another dialog box will pop up. The dialog box says what options do you want to use when you save this? Now the sort of the standard bit rate for saving MP3 is typically 128. It is not a really high fidelity, but it is pretty high fidelity. You can choose Stereo or Mono. If you choose Mono, it will mix these two channels together into a mono file, and notice the file size. So, let us say I want a higher quality bitrate than 128 kbps.
I really want it to have a cleaner sound to it although the difference is not necessarily dramatic, but MP3 files are compressed, they are not uncompressed, they are not perfect. Let me just knock this thing down to, look at this dropdown menu, and I am going to choose 256, and the file size will double from 3 to 6. So you can see how that works if you change it to different bitrate. And you can preview the bitrates to sort of see how one will sound versus the other. Stop that, if you changed it to something horrible, like 32kbps.
So, we will offer a sound to it. I am going to just cancel out of that, and not save it as an MP3. I want to show you some other formats here. I will go File>Save As. And this time, we will go to WAV, so I will click edited again. Although, since I am just showing you these are the processes, I am not actually going to save this file, really want to show you that. If I want to put it in the particular folder, I would select the folder. Let us say, edited files. I would put it inside here, but now I am going to click save, and it will not save it yet. It is always going to show you some other dialog box.
But this will be different than the MP3 dialog box. This one gives you other options because this can be an uncompressed file, the WAV offers some other kind of compression schemes here, but these are nearly uncompressed or it will sound uncompressed, but I will just choose Uncompressed to be safe. The Sample Rate is the original sample rate for this file, 48000 Hertz, which is 48000 samples per second, and the Sample Type here really is the bit depth. I do not know why they call it Sample Type. It really is the bit depth.
How large is each sample, in terms of it's dynamic range, and 32 floating is the highest level you can have inside Soundbooth. It really gives you a high quality signal. So, I try to record at 32 bit floating, and then I try to save it at that as well, but it does make larger files, and if you are going to make a CD, it would not work. 32 bit will not work on a CD. You have to choose 16 bit to create audio that will be on a CD. So if you are going to create a CD from your audio, you do need to choose 16 bit. And then again, you can choose Stereo or Mono.
You can always go from Stereo to Mono. You can always step down or take the originals. So, I am going to stick with Stereo. If I click OK now, it will save it. So, I am going to skip out of that for now. One other option available for you when you are working with a stereo file is to save the stereo file as two individual monaural files, one for each channel. It takes a slightly different approach. You go File>Export as opposed to Save As, and then there is the thing called Channels to Mono Files. I click on that, then you can pick a folder to put them to.
I will go to edited files, click OK, and then automatically it just exports those two files, opens them, and now allows you to save them individually. You see you have got a left and a right there to save them individually, and I am just going to delete these guys from our Files panel because I am not going to work with them, but I did want to show you that process. I get rid of that one, and I get rid of that one. And now we will open it back up, so you can see how that works, and we will move on from there. Let me go to 5.1.
There is the 5.1 file. If I do any edits to this guy, like it trim it or something, now it will put a little asterisk there saying you have made some edits, and if I save that, I will go File>Save As. This time I will choose an AIF just to show you the difference. I will go edited. There we go. I will choose an AIF, which is an uncompressed Mac OS format. I will click okay, Save. Again, it gives you that same dialog box, only this time it is - your only choice is uncompressed, which looks fine.
But this time you have another option. You can save it as a 5.1 file or you can knock it on the Stereo or Mono. You can always choose the original, a number of channels or fewer depending on whatever the original is. So, I will click Cancel out of that. Make sure you have monaural file. What I want to do here is I want to do some edits and show you what happens if you save it as an ASND file. So, I am going to trim this guy down to here, trim this fellow over to the end there, so you raise the volume for the whole file a little bit. There we go.
I have made some changes. Now, I want to save this now, but I want to save it as an ASND file, which I could do it for anyone of these other formats, Stereo or 5.1. I will go File>Save As. I am going to call this constitution- edited, and this time I am going to choose ASND, which is the top of the list here. When I click Save, it gives me this little dialog box that says, would you like to include a snapshot of the file when saving. This allows you to revert to the original of the file at any time.
This is a very cool feature because if you totally botch it, if you end up using the same name when you save it again, you are safe you can go back to the original if you choose to. So, I am going to say Yes, add a snapshot to it. How great is that? And now, it saved it. And now, if I go down here, there is the Original Snapshot. If I click that, it says Selecting a snapshot clears the current undo history. That is fine. I want to clear it. It goes back to the original, and that is something.
So, that is the one cool thing about ASND or actually one of several cools things, but ASND itself allows you to revert in case you just totally want to start from the beginning or step back a couple of steps. That is that little option. Let me show you one other thing. You can save a selection. You do not have to save the entire file. If I just select this area, like that, that is the part where the narration is, the rest of the stuff is just some silence at the beginning, at the end more or less. I want to save that selection. Now with something selected, if you go to File, you will have this little option here called Save Selection As, and you have all the same options you had before although there is different audio file formats that you can go through like that.
So, I wanted to show you that you have the option of saving just a portion of the file as well. Finally, I want to talk about saving the video files. When you work on a video file, you are changing the audio, not the video. Well let us just say I have changed the audio here by raising the volume on it. So, now I have made some changes to it, and notice this little asterisk appear there. If I go File>Save As, and it says you want to save it as the original AVI file. I will say this as edited, just to make sure I do not make a mistake there, and I click Save.
And now, it opens up an entirely different dialog box when you have not seen. When you deal with video, you will see export settings and also when you deal with high level audio, like AAC or H.264, you will see this Export Settings dialog box, which gives you a whole different set of options, higher level stuff. If you pick Audio, you can use AAC, for instance. It will have AAC here instead of Uncompressed. It will be different, but depending on the high level audio that you pick or video, you will have these Export Settings, and it allows you to save it using different kinds of settings, besides NTSC, you can say Widescreen or PAL or whatever.
Let me go back here a bit. I am going to say instead of AVI, I will go, check this, Save As. Instead of AVI, I will pick something else. I will pick Blu-ray, as if I was going to put this on a Bluray disc. That opens up that dialog box again, but it has a whole different set of options now. You get the Frame Dimension. Video options could be different. Pulse code modulation is a different kind of audio format. Let me go back and try a different particular version here. Save As, instead of Blu-ray, we will go to MPEG2-DVD.
It is a format for DVD. Again, different quality settings. So the whole approach, when you use Video, when you start saving a video file that has audio in it, you have many more options. This is really something that if I try to explain every single one of these things, it would take a long time, and depending on the audio editors, it may be something of zero interest to you. So, I want to make sure that at least I show you that these options are available to you, and this is the kind of thing that you hop over to the Soundbooth help file to help you decide which thing to use.
So, that is basically how you save individual audio files or video files that have audio inside them.
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