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Architecture, design, and media professionals all over the world are using Google SketchUp to create detailed 3D models efficiently and quickly. In Google SketchUp 6 Essential Training, design expert George Maestri teaches the foundations of SketchUp's drawing, design, and rendering tools. He covers the fundamentals of the application, the interface, and the Sandbox extension, which is used to create realistic organic shapes and terrain. George also discusses how to model and texture objects from existing photographs and export models to Google Earth to visualize how buildings fit in a real landscape. Exercise files accompany the course.
Now let's take a look at the Rectangle tool. You can find it right here under Draw > Rectangle. R is the shortcut or it's here on the toolbar as Rectangle. Once you selected the tool, a little pencil comes up with a rectangle underneath and that tells us separate drawing rectangles. So to draw a rectangle, all you have to do is just left-click and that lays down the first corner, and then we left-click again and we have instant rectangle, very easy. Now the one thing about the Rectangle tool is I find that, if you are looking down, it will tend to draw along the axis that you are most looking at. So if you wanted for example to draw a vertical rectangle, you could just get your camera low and you can draw a vertical rectangle, like that.
You can use this snapping tool, so once you get it to snap to a specific direction, it's very much like Move tool, you can hit the Shift key once you've snapped into a direction and it will go ahead and continue along drawing a rectangle in that direction. I am going to go ahead and select this vertical one and delete it. Now there are some other nice handy things with Rectangle tool and one of them is for sizing the rectangle. So if I create a rectangle, you will notice that as I am drawing it, it will snap when it's square; you see that little dotted line, and that tells me, I am actually creating a square, and it will also snap, there it is with a golden section.
Now what a golden section is is an 8:5 ratio. I think the Greeks use that a lot in their architecture, and it's just a ratio that is very pleasing to the eye. So if you want to create an 8:5 rectangle, it will automatically snap to that as well. Now if you want to create a rectangle that's a different size, you can use the VCB box down here and just type-in the numbers. So all I have to do is just left- click and drag, and as I am dragging, just type the numbers, 10. Say for example, if I want a 10x12 rectangle, all I have to do is 10, 12 and hit Enter. Notice how that came up really small. It's because this is 10x12 inches not 10x12 feet. Now I can set that here under Preferences. So I go Window > Preferences, or on the Mac go to SketchUp > Preferences, and down here we have our template and this is our drawing template. It says we are drawing now in feet and inches.
If I want, I can do this in really any one that I want, Feet Inches, Inches, Metric, whatever. Right now I am working in Feet and Inches. So if I want to create 10x12 foot rectangle, I have to type-in the Foot Marker essentially which is that single apostrophe. Basically I click-and-drag and I type 10', 12', hit Enter and now I have 10x12 foot rectangle. You can also Feet and Inches, let's say I wanted 8'7", 14'3" and there it automatically sizes that however we want.
Now I want to show you some more things with rectangles but let me ahead, select everything here and delete it, let's clear it out. You can use rectangles to build 3D objects as well. So we can create a rectangle here, and if I want, I can create a vertical face here just by using Snapping. So I can start this rectangle at the end point; go from this point to this point, and then once I hit Vertical, hold down that Shift key so that locks it in, and now I've got two sides of a face. Now again, I can start here, end point, drag over here, go to end point.
This is my first side of my rectangle, and then once I hit Vertical, hold down that Shift key so that it locks it in, and then I have got three sides for a box, and again I can just, basically now totally sketch out of box. If I want to, I can also create rectangles on faces of other objects. So for example, if I wanted to draw rectangle on this face, all I have to do is just select the Rectangle tool and you'll see how it's actually snapping to the face and then I could for example draw a square rectangle on this face, and then I can use that to actually extrude out.
Let's say I wanted to do something like this, and again, you can see how, you can very quickly, almost like with the Pencil tool just start drawing in 3D space just using the Rectangle tool. So those are some of the basics of the Rectangle tool. It's actually a pretty simple tool to use, but just get used to how you would snap with it, that's probably the biggest trick with the tool is learning how to snap it properly. But just go ahead and play with it and then we are going to move onto the Circle and Polygon tool.
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