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The Expression Text Style in Sibelius is a Staff Text Style that is used for all dynamic markings and other words of expression, such as Espressivo and Legato. The Expression Text Style defaults to a position below the staff. It is italicized and it has a simple built-in way for you to create bold fonts for your dynamic markings. To input an expression, let's go ahead and start in Bar 1 with the Violin 1. Select the note that you're going to have that dynamic appear underneath and then you can select the Expression text from the Text Styles groups or you can also use its shortcut for Expression which is Ctrl+E.
So in the Text tab, here's the Styles, you can go down and there's Expression. So you can select it from there, and then Sibelius gives you that flashing cursor. Once you have the flashing cursor, you can right-click and choose the Dynamic or Expression from the Expression text word menu, and you'll notice that this word menu is quite different from the word menu that we had with Technique Text. I'm going go ahead and select Piano here and then you can Escape once and it's still selected and Escape again to deselect. So now let's go ahead and insert a dynamic marking on the Violin 2's entrance, down here on Bar 5.
I'm going to select that note first. This time let's use that shortcut Ctrl+E or Command+E. We have a flashing cursor and this time let's just type the dynamic marking in. So the letter P and Escape twice and you'll notice there's a little bit of a problem here. If you compare this expression marking to our first expression mark, you'll notice that this new expression mark is not the pretty bold style that the first one is. And this is the difference in what Sibelius calls a Character Style and you can see the difference in the text tab's readout when you select each of these individually.
So let's go ahead and select this one here and up in the Text tab under Format, this dropdown menu here is for the Character Style and you'll notice that this expression has none. Now if we select the other expression, the piano marking there, you'll notice that its Character Style is Music Text. Now a Character Style is used to apply a specific type of font or formatting to only one part of the text object. It's like a secondary font you're allowed to have within a single Text Style that already has its own established font.
In this example with expressions, they're going to be expressions that you'll want to have in the italic non-bold style, like this one down here, if you were typing cresc, for example, to indicate a crescendo. But you'll also use Expression text for dynamic markings, so you also need the ability to have a pretty bold music type of font, and that's where that Character Style comes in handy. So to fix the second expression marking, you can select it, go to the Text tab in the Ribbon and select Music Text as a Character Style, and Sibelius will make that change on the Score for you.
There is a little simpler way to do this, let's go ahead and scroll down to select the cello's entrance in bar 9, that D right there and Ctrl+E or Command+E to get into Expression text and if you right-click for the word menu, you'll notice that there's a modifier theme going on for the dynamics. You can hold Ctrl and then type in the letters and you'll end up with this pretty bold font. So I'm going to Escape once, and we still have our flashing cursor down there. So this time, instead of just typing P, I'm going to hold down Ctrl or Command if you're on Mac and type P and it gives me that nice, pretty bold font. Escape twice.
So that's how you type in a dynamic marking. You hold down Ctrl or Command and then type the letters. Now instead of entering all of your dynamic markings by typing them in, you can copy and paste them into your Score as well, and this works great if you have a lot of different instruments that need the same dynamic or expression. So let's put some forte markings at the end of this piece. Let's choose Ctrl+End or Command+End to jump to the end and let's go ahead and insert a forte marking in the Violin 1 part. So we're going to select the A in the Violin 1 part on Bar 39, Ctrl+E or Command+E for Expression and holding down Ctrl, the letter F for Forte, and Escape once this time to keep it selected.
Now we're going to copy that dynamic to the clipboard, so Ctrl+C or Command+C, and we have two choices. We can select each of the other parts separately and paste that forte marking into them separately. So I can select this A here and Ctrl+V to paste and this A here in the cello, and Ctrl+V to paste. Now I'm going to go ahead and Undo that. There's another option that we have. So with that forte marking still on the clipboard, you can make a range selection of both of these notes, in the Violin 2 and the Cello Part and then only paste once.
So with the A selected, I'm going to hold down Shift and make a range selection. It only works with that range selection like that and then paste, Ctrl+V or Command+V, and it pastes that forte marking into both of those Parts for me. So hopefully that gives you a good start with Expression text. Now if these were my piece of music, I'd want to go back and enter dynamics after each of the hairpins and possibly in some other locations. So let that be your assignment. Finish entering dynamic markings throughout this piece.
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