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Scheduling jobs with SQL Server Agent

From: SQL Server 2008 Essential Training

Video: Scheduling jobs with SQL Server Agent

If you want to execute a package as a regularly scheduled occurrence there is a part of SQL Server that can do that for you but it's a part that's actually turned off when you first install it. In fact if I open up another instance of Management Studio, I'm going to connect to the database engine and you may have seen this before, that there is an entry here that says SQL Server Agent. You may have seen it in Management Studio or if you had opened up the Configuration Manager you would also see it there.

Scheduling jobs with SQL Server Agent

If you want to execute a package as a regularly scheduled occurrence there is a part of SQL Server that can do that for you but it's a part that's actually turned off when you first install it. In fact if I open up another instance of Management Studio, I'm going to connect to the database engine and you may have seen this before, that there is an entry here that says SQL Server Agent. You may have seen it in Management Studio or if you had opened up the Configuration Manager you would also see it there.

SQL Server Agent is stopped by default and its Start Mode is Manual, which means when the machine is restarted it will not start itself. It's again because of what Microsoft tend to do these days, which is they ship products with only the necessary part of them turned on. Now SQL Server Agent isn't absolutely necessary so it's off by default and you have to turn it on if you want to use it. I can just turn it on quite easily from SQL Server Configuration Manager, just hit the little Play button and we'll turn it on, and if I wanted to I could also right-click, select the Properties of it, and then make sure that it actually changes the Start Mode to Automatic.

I am not going to do that right now because I don't want to make it Automatic but I could do. What is SQL Server Agent? Well it is a supporting service that allows us to have jobs that are scheduled in the background. It allows us to have an asynchronous kind of queuing mechanism. It can control tasks to be repeatedly happening in the database. You just have to know it's there in order to turn it on. Once it is on, then what? Well I am going to expand this and it says, well we've got Jobs, we've got Alerts, and we've got Operators, Proxies, and Error Logs.

SQL Server Agent works with the idea of a Job, I am going to make a new one. I right-click and say a New Job. I give it a name and then I say what it is. Let's say this is a job that I want to run every week or so that converts new customers that are being loaded into some kind of text file. Convert Customers. Yup, I'm the owner. It doesn't really fit into a Database Engine Tuning Advisor or Database Maintenance. I am just going to leave it as Uncategorized right now, and then we step through the steps.

What do we do, and the schedules, when do we do it? So the step first, nothing is happening right now. I'll say I want to create a new step, and the step name will be Do The Convert and it's asking is it a T-SQL script or Replication Merge, ActiveX Script or is it a SQL Server Integration Services Package? And of course that's what it is, exactly. What are we going to run as the SQL Server Agent Service Account? Yes, absolutely that should do the trick with this one. It doesn't really need any kind of significant account there.

It's going to ask where is the package? It's in SQL Server? Which server? This one, the dot? We are going to use Windows Authentication and then we'll drop down and select the package. Would have been useful if I'd given it a more interesting name but that will do the trick. We click OK. I don't need to change any of the other setups here. That will do just fine and I click OK. We've got the step selected. Now I need to define the schedule. I click the Now button and it asks, okay, what's the name for this schedule is? Let's call it on Monday Morning.

Just so it's descriptive when we read this later. It is a reoccurring schedule. It will happen weekly, on a Monday Morning let's say at 5 a.m. and there's no end date. Pretty much like setting up or occurring appointment in Outlook. We have some more choices about alerts and actions to perform when the job completes, I want to get an e-mail, when the Job succeeds, when the Job fails, this does require you to have database mail turned on, which we don't have at this particular moment, but you could do that, and that's pretty much it. Going to click OK.

We have the job, SQL Server Agent is started, we would want to make sure that it was set up to start automatically if the machine ever go restarted but that's the general process for doing it. And simply by doing this we can start to build more complex, more automated situations. Of course SQL Server Integration packages are the only jobs that you can schedule in SQL Server Agent. As you saw there is the ability even to just write raw T-SQL so you can have database consistency checks, you can automate the rebuilding or the re-organizing of indexes, and you really can start to build a more automated, more controlled database structure.

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This video is part of

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SQL Server 2008 Essential Training

74 video lessons · 38540 viewers

Simon Allardice
Author

 
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  1. 2m 21s
    1. Welcome
      1m 19s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 2s
  2. 17m 58s
    1. SQL Server core concepts
      9m 4s
    2. SQL Server editions
      3m 8s
    3. Applications included with SQL Server
      5m 46s
  3. 26m 1s
    1. Preparing for installation
      3m 44s
    2. Creating service accounts
      2m 33s
    3. Installing SQL Server
      11m 42s
    4. Post-installation checks
      3m 9s
    5. Installing sample databases
      4m 53s
  4. 13m 35s
    1. Introduction to SQL Server Management Studio
      8m 7s
    2. Introduction to SQL Server Books Online
      3m 6s
    3. SQL Server system databases
      2m 22s
  5. 1h 26m
    1. Planning your database
      9m 39s
    2. Creating a SQL Server database
      4m 7s
    3. Creating tables
      7m 51s
    4. Data types in SQL Server
      12m 25s
    5. Defining keys
      8m 9s
    6. Creating default values
      4m 39s
    7. Creating check constraints
      2m 25s
    8. Creating unique constraints
      4m 34s
    9. Introduction to relationships and foreign keys
      9m 51s
    10. Creating relationships in SQL Server Management Studio
      8m 14s
    11. Database normalization
      11m 47s
    12. Creating computed columns
      3m 10s
  6. 23m 11s
    1. Using the SQL Server Import and Export Wizard
      3m 58s
    2. Importing Excel files into SQL Server
      6m 11s
    3. Importing CSV files into SQL Server
      5m 27s
    4. Importing Access databases into SQL Server
      7m 35s
  7. 55m 29s
    1. Introduction to Transact-SQL
      3m 43s
    2. Using SELECT statements
      7m 16s
    3. Changing the default database
      2m 21s
    4. Creating conditions in SQL
      8m 10s
    5. Sorting your output
      3m 23s
    6. Using aggregate functions
      7m 12s
    7. Finding unique values
      2m 14s
    8. Using subqueries
      9m 33s
    9. Joining multiple tables together
      8m 0s
    10. Viewing execution plans
      3m 37s
  8. 19m 36s
    1. Writing INSERT statements
      5m 47s
    2. Writing UPDATE statements
      4m 38s
    3. Writing DELETE statements
      2m 54s
    4. Using the OUTPUT clause to return inserted keys and GUIDs
      6m 17s
  9. 32m 52s
    1. Introduction to SQL functions
      6m 26s
    2. Using SQL configuration functions
      2m 14s
    3. Using string functions
      7m 26s
    4. Using date functions
      6m 27s
    5. Creating user-defined functions
      10m 19s
  10. 28m 46s
    1. Introduction to stored procedures
      4m 23s
    2. Creating stored procedures
      11m 23s
    3. Introducing transactions
      4m 23s
    4. Creating transactions
      8m 37s
  11. 16m 39s
    1. Understanding and creating indexes
      6m 32s
    2. Monitoring and rebuilding indexes
      6m 0s
    3. Monitoring database size and integrity
      4m 7s
  12. 11m 41s
    1. Creating backups
      4m 21s
    2. Creating differential backups and using backup compression
      3m 40s
    3. Restoring databases
      3m 40s
  13. 17m 40s
    1. Introduction to SQL Server security and permissions
      5m 54s
    2. Adding a Windows user to the database
      5m 7s
    3. Creating SQL Server logins and switching authentication modes
      6m 39s
  14. 36m 41s
    1. Introduction to SQL Server Reporting Services
      2m 52s
    2. Connecting to the Report Manager
      4m 29s
    3. Using Report Builder
      12m 4s
    4. Formatting values in reports
      4m 17s
    5. Adding indicators to reports
      5m 11s
    6. Adding charts to reports
      3m 54s
    7. Working with report security
      3m 54s
  15. 24m 41s
    1. Introduction to SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS)
      1m 57s
    2. Using Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS)
      6m 59s
    3. Creating and executing a simple SSIS package
      7m 35s
    4. Importing packages into SQL Server Management Studio
      3m 21s
    5. Scheduling jobs with SQL Server Agent
      4m 49s
  16. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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