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A good floor plan starts with defining usable spaces with the help of walls, and being able to modify those walls as needed as your project evolves. In this course, Ed Cotey shows you how to design a space with interior walls, doors, and windows in Autodesk Revit. Design issues such as wall alignment, trimming and extending walls, and splitting walls to make openings and new wall types are also covered. You'll also learn to incorporate some aesthetic elements such as trim and crown molding and apply them to walls.
Walls are a primary design element used to define exterior and interior shapes of the building. Revit contains a large variety of walls, made from different kinds of materials which are normally represented by layers. Walls are parametric, meaning that they can easily change shape and accept other objects, such as doors and windows. Walls can be defined in any number of ways, and they can be drawn in any number of ways. Let's take a look at how to start drawing walls. We're going to come into this drawing and we're going to going to go to the first square and kind of zoom in on it.
So we're going to draw our first walls in here. And we're going to kind of go through the procedure on how you would set up drawing a wall. I want you to go to the Architecture tab, and I want you to find the drop-down. And you'll notice that there's a couple different wall types: architectural, structural, and then there's wall by face. The ones that we're going to be primarily using most of the time are what are called architectural walls. Go ahead and pick that, and when you pick it you'll notice that in Properties, you have a selector that shows quite a few different kinds of walls.
You have some exterior types. You have some generics, you have interior, you even have what are called curtain walls and everything. We're going to go ahead and select one, and we're going to pick up generic six-inch. So go ahead and click on that, and in the selector it should tell you it's a basic wall, generic six-inch. Now before you get started drawing a wall, it's a good idea to pay attention to the option line that's up here. Number one, we want to keep the wall height dialogue here the same. You want to come over to the second box, click on that, and we want to basically say to this wall that we're going to put it in between the first floor and the second floor.
And that's where it's going to be, so we're going to click on that. The next thing we're going to do is we're going to come over and look at Location Line. Location Line depends on how you draw the wall. You can draw walls in a number of different fashions. One, you can pick a wall center line, or some of these other choices here as far as exterior and interior. So we're going to pick basically the wall center line first. We're also going to use Chain. What Chain does is it allows us to draw continuous walls so we don't have to stop and think about it.
And then we'll look at offset and radius in a little bit. Now let's go into the box and I want you to click and I want you to pull. And as you pull, you're going to notice a couple things. One, that there appears to be a dimension in there. And also, if you look down the middle of the wall, there's a center line. That's what we're drawing on, is on that center line. Now I can be very precise. I can pull on the mouse either left or right, and you notice that the temporary line changes. It will start off with feet and then go down to inches, depending on my zoom capabilities.
So, if I even came in a little bit closer, I'm down to inches. And if I pull out, it's going to be basically maybe six inches to a foot. I can also define how long that wall should be. I'm just going to put in 20 and I'll hit space bar and zero because I don't have to put in feet and inches. I'll hit Enter and there's my wall. Now if I come down you'll notice here that again, temporary dimensions show up. And I'll type in another 20 feet, hit Enter. Now at this point I'm going to turn Chain off and I'm going to click here and I'm going to finish this wall.
And if you notice, I get a little temporary line that's going up. Which tells me that Revit's thinking that maybe I want to stop there, and along there, so I'm going to do that. Once I do that, notice that the chaining stops. Now I can select a new area to begin my next wall. So, I'll pick this area and come down to this corner. And that does basically finish off the rectangle on that room. Now, let's take a look at how you would draw maybe a wall with a radius.
I'm going to come over to this next box, and I'm going to make sure that I'm still in here with the generic wall. I'm going to put Chain back on. And I'm going to click Radius. And with Radius, I'm going to have three feet. I'll come over here and start my wall. I'm going to make it ten feet this time. And hit Enter and then I'm going to come down. And I'll put ten feet in again. Hit Enter, and as I do that, you'll notice that it's going ahead and creating that arc.
Now if I want to continue, it's going to give me another arc unless I come up here and click Radius Off. Now with Radius off and with Chain on, I can continue to draw my walls again. So, to draw walls, you would typically come up the Architecture tab, select what it is that you want as far as the wall. Go through the selector to find the wall type and then make your settings up here in Options. And that way you won't have to come back later and do a lot of heavy editing.
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