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A good floor plan starts with defining usable spaces with the help of walls, and being able to modify those walls as needed as your project evolves. In this course, Ed Cotey shows you how to design a space with interior walls, doors, and windows in Autodesk Revit. Design issues such as wall alignment, trimming and extending walls, and splitting walls to make openings and new wall types are also covered. You'll also learn to incorporate some aesthetic elements such as trim and crown molding and apply them to walls.
Eventually you're going to have walls that are going to require different materials on the sides. You're going to need to create these from Revit. Revit has what's called a vertical compound wall. These walls you can split vertically according to the materials. And you can even decide, distance wise, how much material you want to be included. So you can also add profiles and reveals to these walls. Let's take a look at how to create one.
I'm going over to Project Browser and First Floor. I'm going to click here. We're going to zoom in, and we're going to look at this wall right here. It's a generic wall. What I want you to do is come up here to Edit Type, and click on it. And then come over to Duplicate. And under Duplicate, we're going to call this an Interior Wood Wall, 4.5 inch. So we'll put in Interior Wood Wall, four, oh, let's make it six.
We'll make it, six inches, because we got a six inch wall here. And we'll press OK. Now that we have that up, let's take a look at the structure of the wall. And let's go to Edit. You'll notice here that's it's pretty basic currently, and we need to turn on the previews. So you come down to the lower left hand corner, and pick up the Preview button. Right now we're looking at Floor Plan mode. So you want to change that to Section, so we get to see most of the wall right here.
Now, a couple things about this is, this is that when you work with this, you have some zoom tools that are available for you. And also by holding down the mouse wheel you can pan back and forth. That's kind of important to do. Now this wall is 20 feet tall. We don't actually need that. So I'm going to come over here to Sample Height in the upper right hand corner and change that to ten, so it's about half the size. And then just kind of zoom in here like so.
So we really don't have any layers of materials on this wall, so we're going to go ahead and add some. And after we get done adding, then we're going to cut them up a little bit, so we can have maybe like a wood above and maybe a drywall below. So let's see how that works. Currently, if you notice here, we only have three layers. We're going to need a number of others, so we're going to start off with coming up with Insert, and I'll hit Two here.
And I'm going to take number Three and I'm going to move him up above the Core Boundary. And same thing with this one here, and move them both up so they're, they're there. We're going to call this first one, function-wise, Finish 2, we're going to start off that way. And this one here is going to be Finish 1. And come down to number Five row. And we're going to insert two more.
And we're going to move these down below the Core Boundary like so, and we're going to call these the same thing. So we're going to have basically a Finish 1 and a Finish 2. Now we still need to add two more layers in. So we're going to come over here to number Six and we're going to insert another one. And this is going not be a finished layer, but it's going to be a substrate layer. So we're going to basically call that Substrate and we'll do the same thing right here at number Three.
We'll insert and call that one also Substrate. So by function we have a number of layers that we are going to be working with in putting this wall together. The next thing we're going to do is, we're going to assign some materials to these. So with Finish 2, we click on here and go to Materials. We're going to look at Cherry, and we'll just pick that and put OK in there.
Now the second one, as far as finish, is going to be Gypsum. And we'll just type in G Y P for Gypsum, and press OK. And, the Substrate category is going to be different. We're going to have Plywood Sheathing. So we're going to come in and find the Plywood Sheathing. You can just type in P L Y for sheathing. Basically the, the middle structure is Metal Studs.
So we're going to come in here, click on this one, and type in metal. And if you go down the list a little bit you'll find Metal Stud Layer. So we'll pick that. Then we have to do the same thing on the other layers here as well. So with these layers, again Substrate, is the ply and we'll hit OK there. And Finish number One is the Gypsum, and we'll pick that. And then on this one here, Finish number Two, again, it's going to be the Cherry.
And then we'll pick that, and we have them all together. Now, on the next thing we need to do is assign some thicknesses to these things. So we're going to come in here and we're going to change this to three quarters of an inch. So I'm going to have to put in 0.75. And this one here will also be 0.75, okay? And the Metal Stud we're going to change that to 3.5 inches. And we're going to leave the Plywood Sheathing alone right now. And we're going to come in here and make sure that the Gypsum is 0.75 and that this is 0.75. Okay.
So basically we have the start of this wall and as we can see, we have number of layers here that we've been working with. Now just to test this out, this sometimes is kind of fiddly work. In a lot of cases you might want to try to save what you've already got. So I'm going to come over here and make sure all the layers work by pressing OK. And it tells me that I have to have a thickness assigned to rows Three and Seven, so we'll have to close that. And we'll put in, basically, a 0.5 here and another 0.5 there.
So we're up to a much thicker wall than we had before. If we press OK, you'll see that it comes through just fine. Now let's go back to Edit, and in this case we're going to start splitting things up a little bit. We're going to kind of zoom in to the bottom base. We're going to pick the split region tool. Now this tool is kind of tricky. When you pick it, you get the X-Acto knife. And you have to kind of watch where you are on the illustration.
And you'll notice that I have a temporary dimension that shows up and what appears to be a small little horizontal line. I'm going to click there, and that tells me that I just went ahead and cut that material. If I zoom in, you'll see that I did. And now I can maybe cut again here and there. So I've cut all the way across. So I now have one, two, three, four, five, six different regions. I'll come across and do the same thing here. And you can see it's a little bit tricky.
Doesn't sometimes like what I do. See if I can get this. There we go, got that one. Let's see if I can get that one. There we go. Lets come down and click on Modify and we'll take a look at this little bit further. Part of the problem is, is that sometimes, seeing what you're are doing on these walls is difficult. If you make a mistake as far as what this height is, you can use the Modify button to basically use the tab key to come over and cycle until you pick it up.
Now, when you get it you'll notice that it's constrained along this dimension. If I click going the other way, it's constrained the other way. We want to take this, and I can move this down. And at the same time that I'm doing that, I can click here. And change the dimension back to whatever I might need, to make it work. Now there's also another one in here that allows you to come in and change the actual widths of the material.
You can come in here and click on these portions and do that. Well, now that we've got everything kind of laid out, we need to kind of fix this up a little bit more, because we obviously don't need, drywall in here. So, what we're going to do is kind of fix this. We want it to have drywall on the bottom, and we don't want any Cherry or anything like that to show up. So what we'll we do is, we'll come in here and pick Merge Regions. When you pick the Merge Regions tool, you get this little icon that tells you the direction that you're actually merging.
And depending on what side of the line that you go on, you'll notice where the merge is going to happen. I want to merge the Gypsum into the Cherry. So I'm going to click, and you'll see now that the Cherry's been consumed. And I'm going to do the same thing over on this side as well. So now I have Cherry gone on the bottom. I still have my substrate, that's here. And you'll notice as well that all of a sudden, these things have become kind of variable. I'm going to also come up here, and I'm going to consume basically the drywall that's here.
And I'm going to do it both ways. So now I have a substrate on the wall and then I have a thickness for my drywall and for my Cherry. All I need to do is press OK and press OK again. And this wall now is been made to reflect those changes. It's now an interior wood wall. Half of it is basically Gypsum and the other portion of it is Cherry wood.
When making these compound walls, just be very careful in the way that you apply the Region tool and also the Split tool. A lot of that is very finicky kind of work and can take some time to do.
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