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In Revit Architecture 2011 Essential Training, author Paul F. Aubin shows how to create compelling architectural designs using the modeling tools in Revit. This course covers the entire building information modeling (BIM) workflow, from design concept to publishing. It also covers navigating the Revit interface, modeling basic building features such as walls, doors and windows, working with sketch-based components such as roofs and stairs, annotating designs with dimensions and callouts, and adding 3D geometry. Exercise files are included with the course.
Now that we have a pretty well- defined Revit model, it's time to begin adding notes and other annotations to convey design intent and prepare our documents for printing. We'll begin this process with simple text. I'm in a simple elevation view in a file called Text. I'm going to click on the Annotate tab. Then click the Text tool. The shortcut for text is TX, if you'd rather do it that way. You'll get a cursor onscreen. You just pick your point for where you'd like your note to go. And you begin typing your note. To complete the note, all you have to do is click next to it.
That will keep you in the Text tool and allow you to add your next note, or you can click the Modify tool to cancel the command altogether and get completely out. Now I'm going to select the text and point out one thing that I forgot to do. I kind of forgot on purpose to illustrate something. Even though this is annotation and it behaves a little differently, it's like model objects in the sense that you still have to pay attention on the Properties palette. So you still have to pay attention to your settings. And particularly you have to pay attention to the type of text that we're choosing. In this case you can see that I've chosen 1/4" Arial.
It's a little too big for the view. 1/4" Arial is really for titles and large labels. 3/32" Arial is more appropriate for simple notes. So I'm going to change the type. We can do that any time we like, but when you type your notes, it's a good idea to look there before you start, so that you actually create the notes with the right type in first place. I'm going to go ahead and move this a little bit closer. Notice that there's an integral move control handle right on the text. Furthermore, there's actually a little rotate handle. You can use that to rotate the text.
If you spin it around beyond a certain point, it will actually flip over to stay right reading. So Revit does that for you automatically. Let's undo a couple of times. Now the 3/32" Arial is a fixed size relative to plotting. That's the final plotted paper-size. That's very important to understand. All annotation in Revit is based on final plotted size. It's all derived right here form the scale of the drawing. So if I click on the scale, we're currently at 1/8" equals a foot, when I change the scale of this view to 1/4" = 1'-0", you'll notice that has a dramatic effect on any annotation displayed in this view.
That includes the section head. That includes the level heads. And it also includes the note that we've just added. I'm going to zoom in a little bit over here. Let's go ahead and select this note. Now I probably want this note to actually point to something in the drawing. So we have several options here where we can add leaders to the existing notes that we already have. We can add those leaders to the left. We can add them to the right, and we can make them straight or curved. So I'm going to pick on the tool to add the leader to the right.
Then use the shape handles to drag the leader and point it in. Notice that the elbow here will automatically snap to a horizontal when I get close. So that's pretty handy. So I've got that note completed. Let me go ahead and click Text. Rather than add the note, adjust its type, then add a leader, I can do all of this in one shot. So I can save myself a little bit of effort. So the first thing I want to do is go to the Properties, choose 3/32" Arial. Make sure that's the right type.
Then I want to come over here and look at my options. You can add a one segment leader, a two segment leader or a curved leader. I'm going to choose Two Segment Leader. Then you can even decide how you want that leader attached to the text. It can attach to the top right, the middle, at the bottom. So I'm going to choose Top Right. The first point I want to click is somewhere wherever I want the arrowhead to be, so I'm going to click right there where the arrowhead is. Then you notice it will try and line up for me. Then this last point gets a little tricky when we're placing the text.
It will line up with a few key points over here. I'll go ahead and pick one of those, but often we're going to have to do some fine tuning afterward I'm typing, anyhow. You'll see what I mean in a moment here. So I'm going to type Brick Soldier Course. When I click off of that, notice how the note actually snapped to the left. Not 100% sure why it does that, but we can use this move grip. Drag it back. Then make whatever adjustments are necessary to the leader line.
I could continue with that process, but that's the essential overall process to creating the notes. Now the leader is part of the text. When you select on it, you actually have a few options. You could add additional leaders. So let's assume that there was another soldier course down here. You can simply click that plus sign and add a second leader and point the same note to more than one location. You can remove a Leader after the fact, if you no longer need it. If the text were to wrap, which we can do very easily by dragging that little control handle, you see that will wrap it to multiple lines.
We could change the way that the leader attaches to the text. We have a few options there. That's actually new in Revit 2011. Furthermore, if we want to change the kind of the arrowhead or other behavior like the font and so forth, then we want to select the text and choose Edit Type. Now if we want edit 3/32" Arial, we can just go ahead and start editing. If we want to make a copy of 3/32" Arial, we can duplicate it first.
You can see here most of the settings are fairly self explanatory. We have a Line Weight. We have an opaque background. What does that mean? Well, if I go over here to the Text tool, let's go back to Annotate. Let's go to text. I'm going to turn off the leader. Go back to a No Leader option. I'm just going to pick a point right here, and I will type another note. Click Modify. Notice how the text is actually masking out part of the surrounding brick pattern.
This is what it means when we select the text and we edit its type, when it's set to Opaque. If I change the Background to Transparent and click Apply, you'll see that the Brick now shows through. So naturally, if you're planning to put the notes on top of any patterns, the opaque background is probably pretty handy. You also have Leader/Border Offsets. That will determine how far off the text of the leader is. And you can change to different arrowheads if you like. So there is a variety of different choices in here.
For example, if I would rather have a filled arrow, I can click OK, zoom back out, and you'll see that my arrowheads have now changed from that open arrowhead that they were before to a filled triangle arrowhead. So text can be added to any view. It is view specific. If you were to go to another view, you would have to create additional notes there and/or copy and paste these notes from another view. You can add leaders that are automatically part of the text. They can be either on the left or right, straight or curved, and be attached in multiple points.
The text can have a transparent background or an opaque background, and you have control over everything from what font you're using and whether it's bold, and italic and so on.
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