Revit Architecture 2013 Essential Training
Illustration by Richard Downs

Adding dimensions


From:

Revit Architecture 2013 Essential Training

with Paul F. Aubin

Video: Adding dimensions

In this movie we're going to look a little closer at the Dimensions future in Revit. We've already looked at Dimensions in a few other movies, but mainly we were interested in using Dimensions as a tool to help us build our model. In this movie I'm going to focus on Dimensions as an annotation tool to actually help enhance our construction documents and prepare drawings for printing. I'm in a file called Dimensions, and I'm looking at a Level 1 Floor Plan View. And I'm just going to add some dimensions to various parts of this file here, just to show you how it works. So what I'm going to start off with, is I'm going to zoom in over in this location over here and I just want to show you the basics of how the Dimension tool works.
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  1. 1m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 2s
    2. Using the exercise files
      55s
  2. 14m 43s
    1. Introducing building information modeling (BIM)
      3m 0s
    2. Working in one model with many views
      4m 48s
    3. Understanding Revit element hierarchy
      6m 55s
  3. 54m 44s
    1. Understanding the different versions of Revit
      1m 19s
    2. Exploring the Recent Files window and the application menu
      5m 20s
    3. Using the ribbon and the Quick Access Toolbar (QAT)
      7m 12s
    4. Understanding context ribbons
      4m 43s
    5. Using the Properties palette
      8m 31s
    6. Using the Project Browser
      5m 34s
    7. Navigating views: Zooming, panning, and rotating
      5m 57s
    8. The basics of selecting and modifying
      9m 49s
    9. Accessing Revit options
      6m 19s
  4. 47m 6s
    1. Creating a new project from a template
      7m 42s
    2. Accessing a multi-user project with worksharing
      4m 16s
    3. Configuring project settings
      6m 33s
    4. Adding levels
      7m 40s
    5. Adding grids
      6m 23s
    6. Refining a layout with temporary dimensions
      6m 58s
    7. Adding columns
      7m 34s
  5. 1h 11m
    1. Adding walls
      8m 48s
    2. Using snaps
      6m 24s
    3. Exploring wall properties and types
      7m 37s
    4. Locating walls
      7m 27s
    5. Using the modify tools
      9m 32s
    6. Adding doors and windows
      7m 39s
    7. Using constraints
      8m 27s
    8. Adding plumbing fixtures and other components
      8m 39s
    9. Using Autodesk Seek
      4m 19s
    10. Using wall joins
      3m 0s
  6. 1h 11m
    1. Linking AutoCAD DWG files
      10m 59s
    2. Creating topography from a DWG link
      7m 43s
    3. Understanding CAD inserts
      7m 56s
    4. Import tips
      6m 49s
    5. Creating a group
      7m 10s
    6. Mirroring groups to create a layout
      5m 3s
    7. Creating Revit links
      5m 16s
    8. Rotating and aligning a Revit link
      7m 6s
    9. Establishing shared coordinates
      6m 5s
    10. Managing links
      6m 0s
    11. Understanding file formats
      59s
  7. 1h 13m
    1. Working with floors
      8m 57s
    2. Working with footprint roofs
      6m 22s
    3. Working with extrusion roofs
      4m 59s
    4. Attaching walls to roofs
      3m 17s
    5. Using the shape editing tools to create a flat roof
      6m 33s
    6. Working with slope arrows
      6m 0s
    7. Adding openings
      8m 33s
    8. Working with stairs
      8m 4s
    9. Adding railings to stairs
      3m 40s
    10. Working with ceilings
      9m 36s
    11. Adding extensions to railings
      7m 20s
  8. 48m 34s
    1. Creating a custom basic wall type
      10m 18s
    2. Understanding stacked walls
      8m 12s
    3. Adding curtain walls
      8m 17s
    4. Adding curtain grids, mullions, and panels
      10m 59s
    5. Creating wall sweeps and reveals
      6m 26s
    6. Exploring model lines
      4m 22s
  9. 47m 40s
    1. Using object styles
      4m 19s
    2. Working with visibility and graphic overrides
      7m 3s
    3. Using view templates
      6m 13s
    4. Hiding and isolating objects in a model
      6m 37s
    5. Understanding view range
      7m 7s
    6. Displaying objects above and below in plan views
      6m 35s
    7. Using the Linework tool
      5m 21s
    8. Using cutaway views
      4m 25s
  10. 21m 28s
    1. Adding rooms
      8m 15s
    2. Controlling room numbering
      6m 13s
    3. Understanding room bounding elements
      7m 0s
  11. 33m 13s
    1. Understanding tags
      9m 58s
    2. Adding schedule views
      7m 55s
    3. Modifying schedule views
      7m 12s
    4. Creating a key schedule
      8m 8s
  12. 58m 40s
    1. Adding text
      7m 29s
    2. Adding dimensions
      9m 6s
    3. Adding symbols
      4m 42s
    4. Adding legend views
      4m 51s
    5. Creating a detail callout
      8m 31s
    6. Adding detail components
      8m 52s
    7. Using arrays to duplicate objects parametrically
      7m 43s
    8. Adding filled and masking regions
      7m 26s
  13. 41m 29s
    1. Understanding families
      2m 37s
    2. Creating a new family from a template
      6m 29s
    3. Using reference planes, parameters, and constraints
      7m 52s
    4. Adding solid geometry
      8m 40s
    5. Cutting holes using void geometry
      5m 9s
    6. Adding blends
      6m 2s
    7. Completing the family
      4m 40s
  14. 38m 48s
    1. Adding sheets
      7m 44s
    2. Working with placeholder sheets
      5m 24s
    3. Aligning views with a guide grid
      5m 57s
    4. Outputting sheets to a DWF file
      6m 39s
    5. Exporting to AutoCAD
      5m 42s
    6. Plotting and creating a PDF
      7m 22s
  15. 2m 38s
    1. Next steps
      2m 38s

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Watch the Online Video Course Revit Architecture 2013 Essential Training
10h 27m Beginner Aug 02, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Find out how to create compelling architectural designs using the modeling tools in Autodesk Revit software. In this course, author Paul F. Aubin demonstrates the entire building information modeling (BIM) workflow, from creating the design model to publishing a completed project. The course also covers navigating the Revit interface; modeling basic building features such as walls, doors, and windows; working with sketch-based components such as roofs and stairs; annotating designs with dimensions and callouts; and plotting and exporting your drawings.

Topics include:
  • Introducing building information modeling (BIM)
  • Adding levels, grids, and columns to set up a project
  • Creating building layouts with walls, doors, and windows
  • Modifying wall types and properties
  • Working with DWG files and CAD inserts
  • Adding rooms
  • Adding curtain grids, mullions, and panels
  • Using cutaway views
  • Generating schedules and tags
  • Adding callouts such as text and symbols
  • Understanding families
  • Outputting files, including DWF and PDF files
Subject:
CAD
Software:
Revit Architecture
Author:
Paul F. Aubin

Adding dimensions

In this movie we're going to look a little closer at the Dimensions future in Revit. We've already looked at Dimensions in a few other movies, but mainly we were interested in using Dimensions as a tool to help us build our model. In this movie I'm going to focus on Dimensions as an annotation tool to actually help enhance our construction documents and prepare drawings for printing. I'm in a file called Dimensions, and I'm looking at a Level 1 Floor Plan View. And I'm just going to add some dimensions to various parts of this file here, just to show you how it works. So what I'm going to start off with, is I'm going to zoom in over in this location over here and I just want to show you the basics of how the Dimension tool works.

Now we've covered some of this, so some of this will be review. We can get to the Dimension tool in a couple of places. We can go to the Annotate tab. And there actually are several Dimension tools. I'm going to focus on the Aligned Dimension tool because this is the one that I use 99% of the time. So you're free to explore some of these others on your own later. They all kind of work the same way, but I'm going to focus on the Aligned tool. What the Aligned tool does is it's aligned with the geometry you are dimensioning, so it's probably the most versatile. So I'm going to click on that, and that same button is right here, and the shortcut is DI.

Now when you highlight an object, it will highlight some part of that object. Now with walls we actually have some options. So here you can see that if I put my cursor over, it's highlighting the face of the wall and if I move slightly, it gives me the other face of the wall. So if I wanted to say what the inside dimension of this office was over here, I could click this face and then this face, and then if that's all I wanted was just that single little dimension, the third click, the final click, is in empty space. If you click an object and click another object and then you try and click in the same spot to place it, it will actually remove that witness line.

So each time you click, Revit is looking to either add or remove a witness line. And I see folks struggle with this a lot: they'll click a point and then they'll click again in the same point, and they'll wonder what happened, and then they'll click it again, and then they'll do it again. Remember that the final click placing the dimension has to be in empty space. There has to be no object under your cursor, because that's how you're telling Revit, put the dimension here. If there is an object under your cursor, Revit thinks you're dimensioning that object. Now here on the Options bar we have some settings. So instead of Wall faces, if I wanted to, I could dimension the centerlines of the walls.

So if I choose that, now you'll see it will highlight the center of this wall and the center of this wall, and I'll get a different dimension, so that's certainly an option. Well, if you want to, you could actually do the center on one side and over here I could say I want to go to the outside face. Well how would I do that? Put your mouse over the outside face and press the Tab key. Even though you've chosen your preference on the dropdown there, you can still override it anytime with the Tab key. So you just Tab until the object that you wanted to mention highlights and that's when you click to verify that selection, and then of course I can place the dimension.

So those dimensions there I'm just using as sort of warm-up to kind of get us started. Let's Zoom Previous to get back out to the overall plan here, and let's go a little deeper. The other thing that we can do--all of these examples I did in here were just individual dimensions, just between two points, but I wanted to also make sure that you understand that you can select two points, like these two gridlines, and then keep going. And so I can make a continuous string of dimensions by just continuing to add more and more dimension references. And again, it ends the same way as the previous ones: you click in empty space to finish it.

So those are the basic mechanics of placing the dimensions, but let's take it a little deeper now. If we look up here on the Options bar, under this Pick option here, there's two choices. And we've been doing the individual references, but we also have this feature here called Entire Walls. Now what's handy about this is you can select the wall now instead of the two sides that you want to dimension and Revit will figure out where the two witness lines should; it'll do the whole wall. Now in this case I'm just getting one wall end to end, maybe not exactly the dimension I had in mind, but there is an Options button right here and if I click that, we have a whole bunch of options here that we can look at.

So we can include the openings when we're making that dimension. You can dimension to their centerlines or their widths. I personally like the widths, so let's take a look at that. I'm going to click OK. Let's zoom in down here. Pick this wall and look at that. Now that's going to be a big timesaver, because if we did the same thing with individual references, we would have to click each one of these points to get to that location. Now you notice how I still have wall centerline here, so it was picking up the centerline, so these two work together.

If I go to wall faces, zoom out just a touch, pick this wall, now you can see that that that final dimension is going out to the face of the wall. Let's zoom all the way out. I'm going to do zoom to fit, Z+F. Let's go to Options again. If you want to, you could add the intersecting walls in your dimensions. Let's see what that looks like. Now I tend to think this is just a little too busy for my taste. There is an awful lot going on here, but let's say that you did like this and you wanted to go with that.

I'm going to cancel out of the command. You can't read any of these dimensions at the current state. So if you click on the dimension, there is these little dots right here, these little grips, and you can use that to drag the text away. Now if you drag it far enough, it'll actually add a leader pointing back again. You can have that leader point back, and that makes it I think a little bit more legible. So if you started to pull all of these labels away, you could start to make this dimension a little bit easier to read. But I'm actually going to delete this dimension and zoom back out again and do it slightly differently.

If go to Options, I'm going to turn off the Intersecting Walls, but I'm going to turn on Intersecting Grids instead, and let's take a look at that. Now when I click this wall, it's a little bit less busy. It's including the gridline here and the gridline here, and then the rest of it kind ignores the interior walls. I tend to prefer doing a different string for the interior than the exterior, so you can see that it's a little bit cleaner. You may still need to move a few of those pieces of text over there. Now let's pan it over here.

What about this wall here? The only downside of the Pick Walls feature is you can only pick one wall at a time. But you can select an existing dimension, and then up here on the Ribbon we can choose Edit Witness Lines. Now when I click this button this just takes me back into a mode where I can add in more dimension lines. So I'm going to add a witness line here at the end of the curtain wall, one here and here on each side of the door, one over here at the outside edge of the wall. Now the final click has to be in empty space, just like we did when we were creating the dimension in the first place, so don't press Escape or Enter here; you'll lose all your work. Click in the empty whitespace and that will complete the dimension and you now have this continuous string here.

Now, there's this new feature in 2013 that I want to show you here. Let's say that for whatever reason I wanted to exclude this line right here. I want to basically break this dimension into two pieces. Highlight the dimension, press your Tab key, and it will actually let you reach in and pick an individual segment. You can click on it and then you can just delete that, and now I've got this dimension, and this dimension has two separate dimensions. So that's a handy new feature because there really was no way to do that before; you'd have to delete the entire dimension and start again. I'm going to undo that and get that one back again.

Another really neat feature that we can do is we can edit the text value. So let's say that this curtain wall is existing, and we don't know exactly how big it is. I can click right on the text, and what this is is you are editing the dimension text now. And the actual value is the 17'-10", but we can replace that with an alternate value like VIF, for Verify In Field, and it will replace the numerical value with the text value.

Now you can't put in a number here; Revit will not be happy about that. In fact, it will display a dialog and tell you that that's not allowed. So this can be replaced with text, not with a number. So I'm going to go back to use the actual value, and you can actually add modifiers on any of the four sides around the text as well. So maybe you want to say that it's close to 17'10", but you want them to verify, so you could add the note below or something. So let's zoom all the way out and check our work. There is nothing like some dimensions to make a drawing start feeling like a construction document, so we're getting close to being able to print this drawing out. So feel free to experiment further and add additional dimensions.

Remember that you can either do the individual references to the faces or the centers or you can use the Pick Walls option to do the entire walls. Pick Walls is only available for walls, so if you want to dimension between plumbing fixtures or other elements like columns and so forth, those you'll have to do with the Pick References.

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