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Working with text runaround


QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training

with Jay Nelson

Video: Working with text runaround

One of the most common effects in a page layout is Text Runaround where say a picture or some other item forces text to run around it. If we look at this layout, you'll see that occurs down here with this text box. As I select the text box and move it around, you can see the text lying around it. It's such a common effect that by default QuarkXPress installs with the Text Runaround turned on for the Picture Content tool. So if I draw a picture box and drag it onto the text, the text runs around it.
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  1. 5m 17s
    1. Welcome
    2. Using the exercise files
    3. What is QuarkXPress?
      3m 32s
  2. 39m 1s
    1. Getting started
      2m 26s
    2. Managing files in Quark
      9m 52s
    3. Exploring the QuarkXPress interface
      11m 22s
    4. Restoring, reverting, and undoing
      4m 9s
    5. Navigating your layout
      6m 45s
    6. Adding and moving pages
      4m 27s
  3. 51m 58s
    1. Understanding items and contents
      4m 54s
    2. Making boxes and lines
      6m 32s
    3. Putting text on a path
      8m 48s
    4. Moving and locking items
      1m 44s
    5. Resizing, reshaping, rotating, and flipping items
      2m 33s
    6. Duplicating items
      3m 25s
    7. Deleting items
      1m 50s
    8. Using the Bézier Pen tool
      4m 20s
    9. Converting text to boxes
      2m 4s
    10. Merging shapes
      2m 1s
    11. Understanding relationships between items
      4m 53s
    12. Setting item styles
      5m 13s
    13. Using Item Find/Change
      3m 41s
  4. 30m 55s
    1. Reviewing the Layers palette
      8m 12s
    2. Utilizing guides and rulers
      4m 16s
    3. Understanding Guide Manager Pro
      5m 24s
    4. Using frames, dashes, and stripes
      4m 57s
    5. Setting libraries
      5m 18s
    6. Appending settings
      2m 48s
  5. 39m 57s
    1. Building a new layout
      3m 40s
    2. Creating projects and layouts
      4m 48s
    3. Working with Master Pages
      2m 44s
    4. Creating automatic text boxes
      3m 15s
    5. Working with Master Pages and Layout Pages
      5m 15s
    6. Making pages
      6m 1s
    7. Modifying your pages
      2m 5s
    8. Using automatic page insertion
      2m 44s
    9. Using automatic page numbering and "continued"
      4m 45s
    10. Working with sections and page numbering
      3m 29s
    11. Building with multipage spreads
      1m 11s
  6. 25m 8s
    1. Navigating through a layout
      1m 49s
    2. Selecting text
      4m 41s
    3. Deleting text
      1m 5s
    4. Changing text case
    5. Importing text
      4m 40s
    6. Exporting text
      2m 52s
    7. Showing invisible characters
      2m 6s
    8. Using the Glyph panel
      4m 27s
    9. Working with ligatures
      2m 29s
  7. 10m 50s
    1. Finding and changing
      6m 3s
    2. Using Spell Check
      4m 47s
  8. 35m 28s
    1. Understanding basic character formatting
      4m 15s
    2. Setting color, shade, and transparency
      2m 36s
    3. Using horizontal and vertical scaling
      3m 55s
    4. Setting kerning and tracking
      7m 38s
    5. Inserting typographic special effects
      7m 53s
    6. Adjusting font preferences and open-type fonts
      5m 32s
    7. Finding a missing font
      3m 39s
  9. 29m 30s
    1. Applying basic paragraph formatting
      3m 10s
    2. Applying leading to paragraphs
      5m 7s
    3. Establishing paragraph rules
      3m 4s
    4. Setting tabs
      6m 14s
    5. Setting hyphenation and justification
      3m 41s
    6. Understanding widow and orphan control
      3m 54s
    7. Working with hanging characters
      4m 20s
  10. 27m 54s
    1. Linking items together
      3m 58s
    2. Learning about style sheets
      1m 52s
    3. Creating style sheets
      3m 57s
    4. Editing style sheets
      4m 25s
    5. Applying styles
      3m 40s
    6. Deleting styles
      2m 7s
    7. Appending styles
      3m 17s
    8. Using grids
      4m 38s
  11. 22m 55s
    1. Building tables
      3m 19s
    2. Importing Excel tables
      3m 13s
    3. Working with tables
      5m 25s
    4. Formatting tables
      2m 50s
    5. Splitting tables with headers and footers
      3m 19s
    6. Adding graphics
      2m 41s
    7. Converting a table to text or a group
      2m 8s
  12. 14m 34s
    1. Building books
      5m 20s
    2. Creating lists
      5m 2s
    3. Building an index
      4m 12s
  13. 23m 18s
    1. Importing pictures
      4m 50s
    2. Working with pictures
      2m 48s
    3. Mastering picture management
      3m 50s
    4. Editing and exporting pictures
      2m 48s
    5. Looking into preview quality and greeking images
      5m 18s
    6. Exporting a page as EPS
      3m 44s
  14. 12m 25s
    1. Working with Photoshop documents
      4m 44s
    2. Understanding the Style menu
      3m 3s
    3. Building picture effects
      4m 38s
  15. 10m 54s
    1. Working with text runaround
      7m 32s
    2. Setting anchored boxes
      3m 22s
  16. 32m 4s
    1. What You See and What You Get
      2m 42s
    2. Describing color
      3m 28s
    3. Specifying color
      7m 13s
    4. Creating color blends
      5m 15s
    5. Setting opacity
      4m 55s
    6. Using color from outside sources
      1m 55s
    7. Understanding color management and proofing
      6m 36s
  17. 15m 8s
    1. Synchronizing items
      3m 11s
    2. Building composition zones
      4m 8s
    3. Working in shared layouts
      2m 25s
    4. Understanding job jackets
      5m 24s
  18. 15m 22s
    1. Collecting for output and exporting
      1m 14s
    2. Adjusting basic printer settings
      3m 39s
    3. Reviewing advanced printer settings
      8m 44s
    4. Establishing print styles
      1m 45s
  19. 16m 10s
    1. Creating and exporting a PDF
      4m 4s
    2. Creating PDF output styles
      1m 44s
    3. Building hyperlinks in interactive PDFs
      4m 23s
    4. Adding bookmarks for interactive PDFs
      5m 59s
  20. 20m 59s
    1. Building a web page
      4m 12s
    2. Inserting hyperlinks in a document
      3m 19s
    3. Creating a form for HTML
      2m 54s
    4. Exporting and importing as HTML
      5m 20s
    5. Building Flash projects
      5m 14s
  21. 6m 15s
    1. Working with XTensions
      3m 2s
    2. Scripting in QuarkXPress 8
      3m 13s
  22. 13s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training
8h 6m Beginner Jul 29, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

QuarkXPress has always been the perfect tool for creating and publishing documents. In QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training, Jay Nelson—the publisher of Design Tools Monthly and a QuarkXPress expert—covers all the tools and features in this updated version of the program, from basic page layout to Flash integration and web page creation. Throughout this comprehensive training, Jay shows what's needed to produce professional-quality projects that integrate text, pictures, graphics, and tables. He also offers real-world page layout techniques that designers can apply to their own projects. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the QuarkXPress interface
  • Building a new layout and working with master pages
  • Using long document features to streamline workflow
  • Building QuarkXPress 8 documents with Adobe and Microsoft files
  • Creating custom styles using typography and picture effects
  • Collaborating in real time with other users
  • Exporting finished projects to PDF, Flash, and the web
Jay Nelson

Working with text runaround

One of the most common effects in a page layout is Text Runaround where say a picture or some other item forces text to run around it. If we look at this layout, you'll see that occurs down here with this text box. As I select the text box and move it around, you can see the text lying around it. It's such a common effect that by default QuarkXPress installs with the Text Runaround turned on for the Picture Content tool. So if I draw a picture box and drag it onto the text, the text runs around it.

Personally, I find that incredibly irritating and so I turned that off as soon as I can, but let's see how it works first. I'm going to zoom in, so we can get a closer look at how this is going, and then down here in the Measurements palette, you'll see a Text Runaround tab. Right now, this object has its Text Runaround set for Item. If it were a picture, it would have these other options available, which we'll get to in a minute. For right now, just notice that you can set different runaround distances for the top, bottom, left and right sides of this item.

For example, if I increase the right side runaround, you can see the text moving its way away from that side of the box. And by the way, for all you Quark old timers, the Text Runaround feature is also still available under Item > Runaround. The only advantage here is that you have a little bit more information to work with if you need it. Now let's have a look at what happens when you have an actual picture in the picture box. I'm going to delete this picture box by pressing Command+K or Ctrl+K on Windows. I think of it as kill. I'll press the V key to switch to the Item tool, and then I'll click on our little chihuahua up here and Option+drag him.

Click+Option or Alt+drag him down to make a duplicate. I'll shrink him by Command or Ctrl clicking and holding down the Shift key, and I'll drag him onto the text. Once again, by default, the Runaround is assigned to the entire picture box. But what if I want the text to runaround the shape of the dog instead. Well, that's easy enough to do because down in the Measurements palette, I have all these different options available now that are based on the picture in the box because the Photoshop file containing that dog has a clipping path built into it.

I can choose Same As Clipping and we can see the text wrap around the shape of the dog itself. If I make the dog bigger, the text wraps accordingly. If the text is too close to the dog, again, I can increase the offset and watch the text move away until it's where I want it. But a lot of times, you'll have a picture that doesn't have a clipping path built into it. For example, this little dog bowl down here. If I Option+drag it up here and make it larger, you can see the text move away from it.

But again, it's moving away from the box and not from the bowl itself. I'm going to increase the Preview Resolution so I can see it better and then I'm going to play with these controls down here on the Runaround tab of the Measurements palette. The first thing I might try is that since it has a white background, I could choose Non-White Areas. Let's see what happens. Okay, that's good. The text is wrapping around the bowl the way I want it to except the white part of the picture is still showing. To fix that, I might go down here and choose Auto Image. Let's see what happens if I do that. Aha! It found the edges of the image and wrapped the text around it.

Again, I can increase the distance from the bowl and I also have control over some of the other aspects of the wrap on this item. Let's zoom in and see what the details are that are affecting this wrap. First of all, you may notice that there is some chopping off of the image itself. That's because Quark is actually creating a clipping path around the bowl and using it for the runaround. A lot of times on small items like this the clipping path is a little too rough for the fineness of the edge of the item. So you can control that down here under Threshold, Smoothness and Noise.

That tells Quark how much noise to ignore when it's creating the clipping path, how smooth the path should be, and how different the background needs to be from the object before it considers it to be the edge of the object. By adjusting these numbers, you can sometimes make the clipping path look the way you want it to. This control here, Outside Edges Only, means if you've got a shape that has a hole in the middle like a donut, if you turn this off, Quark will also find the middle part of the donut and consider that to be see-through.

And Restrict To Box makes it so that, if you make the box smaller than the item and turn this off, the bowl can stick out of the box. One advantage of that is if you fill the box with the color, the color will be inside the box but the item will poke outside of it. Now once in a while, a designer will want to run text around both sides of an object, unlike here, where you have this bowl sitting between two columns of text. If we wanted that bowl to be in the middle of the text and have the text runaround it on both sides, we're kind of out of luck.

A long time ago, the engineers of Quark decided that just was never really a good idea. But given the pressure that some designers had on being allowed to run the text around both sides of an object, they find a way to make that work. Oddly, it becomes not an attribute of the item itself, but of the text box that's touching it. So if I click on this text box here and go to the Modify dialog under Item and then go to the Text tab, I can choose to run the text around all sides. And when I click the Apply button, you can see that the text runs around all sides of that item that's placed in front of it.

By the way, that's an important thing. The item that's going to have the text running around it needs to be in front of the text items. Now the final quality of an item that's going to have text running around it that you might be wondering about is what about Drop Shadows. Let's say I put a drop shadow on this dog here. Do you want the text to run into the drop shadow or run around it? That's controlled down here under the Drop Shadow tab. When you apply a drop shadow to an item, one of the options is Runaround Drop Shadow. Let me zoom in and we'll see what the difference is.

If you've got a big drop shadow and you've got text around it, the text might run under the drop shadow. If I turn on Runaround Drop Shadow, the text moves that much farther away, so that it can't possibly run under the drop shadow. In this case, it seems a little extreme because on the bottom, it's forcing the text to drop down by a line or two. But as I increase the size of the picture and decrease the amount of runaround on the item, you'll see the text move in but never quite touch that drop shadow.

If I turn it off, the text will hit the drop shadow. In most cases, you don't want that, but in some cases, you may. So just be aware that this is an option when you've got text running around an item that has a drop shadow on it. The Text Runaround feature effect is not just for creative effects such as running around a dog on your page, but also for practical purposes, such as the one I showed at the beginning, of being able to move a text box anywhere on the page and not have to rearrange the text around it to make room for it.

And if you use this feature in combination with the grids feature, you'll find that placing boxes on to the page can be esthetically pleasing with almost no effort at all.

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