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Using horizontal and vertical scaling

From: QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training

Video: Using horizontal and vertical scaling

Sometimes when you are choosing typefaces and sizes for your text, you will find that the text doesn't quite fit the way you like it to. Maybe you could use a little bit of condensing horizontally or stretching vertically, something like that. Now I don't suggest you do that very much unless you are trying to create some kind of bizarre effect, but sometimes it can be useful when you just need to fit something in a little bit better than it is right now. So let's just look at where the controls are for horizontally and vertically scaling text. For example, this little text box down here.

Using horizontal and vertical scaling

Sometimes when you are choosing typefaces and sizes for your text, you will find that the text doesn't quite fit the way you like it to. Maybe you could use a little bit of condensing horizontally or stretching vertically, something like that. Now I don't suggest you do that very much unless you are trying to create some kind of bizarre effect, but sometimes it can be useful when you just need to fit something in a little bit better than it is right now. So let's just look at where the controls are for horizontally and vertically scaling text. For example, this little text box down here.

I'm going to zoom in on it so we can see it a little bit better and let's say we wanted to have that text fill out the box a little bit further. All you have to do is select the texture interested in changing. In the Measurements palette is a Character Attributes tab and when you click on it, you will see in the very far left, Scale Text Horizontally and Scale Text Vertically. So if you want to horizontally scale it, you select this button and you can click up and down on these little tickers here. It will increase and decrease its scaling by 10%.

You can also type in a different scaling percentage, say 95%. You want to hit Enter. It's at 95%. There are also keyboard shortcuts for doing this in 1% increments and that's what I use all the time myself, because a lot of times you're just looking at the text and wanting it to fit and visually it's easier to look at the text and adjust it at the same time instead of using the Measurements palette. That keyboard shortcut is Command+Option or Ctrl+Alt on Windows and then the bracket keys which are just on the right of the P key on your keyboard. So, for example, I can expand this text by 1% increments by pressing Command+Option+Right Bracket or make it narrower by 1% increments by pressing Command+Option+Left Bracket and of course you can also scale it vertically if you want by clicking this button and then changing the numbers in here as well.

QuarkXPress also has a number of type styles that you can apply or effects that you can apply to the text to make it look smaller or larger or shift up and down on the baseline. For example, Superior, Subscript, Superscript, those all move the type up and down on the baseline and in some cases, shrink it down. Small Caps is one that's used quite a bit. I use it a lot in the projects that I have, because the fonts that I'm using don't have true Small Caps versions of them. Now ideally, if your font has a Small Cap version, you want to use that.

But you can also apply the Small Cap style to a selection of type and it will do something like this and to me that's ugly and in fact hideous. If we change the scaling back to 100%, that might help a little bit, but it still doesn't look right to me. So what I always do is I change the Preferences for Small Caps so that whenever I apply Small Caps, it looks the way I like it. You adjust those preferences in XPress Preferences or on Windows > Edit > Preference and click on down at the bottom Character.

Now in here, you determine how XPress is going to draw Superscript, Subscript, Small Caps, Superior characters. Under Small Caps, I always change this to 85 and 90 and what that does is it makes the horizontal scaling a little bit thicker than the vertical scaling, and watch what happens to the small caps. Now to me that looks like a much more natural appearance, because the thickness of these letters is similar now whereas before the A was a lot thinner.

So that's just a little tip that I'd like to encourage you to consider, if you are going to be working with small caps on fonts that don't have a true Small Cap included in the family. So let me reiterate. It's usually not the greatest thing to scale your type horizontally or vertically, because the type designer put a lot of effort in making it look exactly perfect. But when you do need to do it, it's nice to know that XPress has that capability down here in the Measurements palette and also through keyboard shortcuts like the ones I described.

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This video is part of

Image for QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training
QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training

120 video lessons · 8369 viewers

Jay Nelson
Author

 
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  1. 5m 17s
    1. Welcome
      51s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
    3. What is QuarkXPress?
      3m 32s
  2. 39m 1s
    1. Getting started
      2m 26s
    2. Managing files in Quark
      9m 52s
    3. Exploring the QuarkXPress interface
      11m 22s
    4. Restoring, reverting, and undoing
      4m 9s
    5. Navigating your layout
      6m 45s
    6. Adding and moving pages
      4m 27s
  3. 51m 57s
    1. Understanding items and contents
      4m 54s
    2. Making boxes and lines
      6m 32s
    3. Putting text on a path
      8m 48s
    4. Moving and locking items
      1m 44s
    5. Resizing, reshaping, rotating, and flipping items
      2m 33s
    6. Duplicating items
      3m 25s
    7. Deleting items
      1m 49s
    8. Using the Bézier Pen tool
      4m 20s
    9. Converting text to boxes
      2m 4s
    10. Understanding relationships between items
      4m 53s
    11. Merging shapes
      2m 1s
    12. Setting item styles
      5m 13s
    13. Using Item Find/Change
      3m 41s
  4. 30m 55s
    1. Reviewing the Layers palette
      8m 12s
    2. Utilizing guides and rulers
      4m 16s
    3. Understanding Guide Manager Pro
      5m 24s
    4. Using frames, dashes, and stripes
      4m 57s
    5. Setting libraries
      5m 18s
    6. Appending settings
      2m 48s
  5. 39m 57s
    1. Building a new layout
      3m 40s
    2. Creating projects and layouts
      4m 48s
    3. Working with Master Pages
      2m 44s
    4. Creating automatic text boxes
      3m 15s
    5. Working with Master Pages and Layout Pages
      5m 15s
    6. Making pages
      6m 1s
    7. Modifying your pages
      2m 5s
    8. Using automatic page insertion
      2m 44s
    9. Using automatic page numbering and "continued"
      4m 45s
    10. Working with sections and page numbering
      3m 29s
    11. Building with multipage spreads
      1m 11s
  6. 25m 5s
    1. Navigating through a layout
      1m 49s
    2. Selecting text
      4m 41s
    3. Deleting text
      1m 4s
    4. Changing text case
      59s
    5. Importing text
      4m 39s
    6. Exporting text
      2m 52s
    7. Showing invisible characters
      2m 6s
    8. Using the Glyph panel
      4m 27s
    9. Working with ligatures
      2m 28s
  7. 10m 50s
    1. Finding and changing
      6m 3s
    2. Using Spell Check
      4m 47s
  8. 35m 27s
    1. Understanding basic character formatting
      4m 15s
    2. Setting color, shade, and transparency
      2m 36s
    3. Using horizontal and vertical scaling
      3m 55s
    4. Setting kerning and tracking
      7m 38s
    5. Inserting typographic special effects
      7m 53s
    6. Adjusting font preferences and open-type fonts
      5m 32s
    7. Finding a missing font
      3m 38s
  9. 29m 29s
    1. Applying basic paragraph formatting
      3m 10s
    2. Applying leading to paragraphs
      5m 7s
    3. Establishing paragraph rules
      3m 4s
    4. Setting tabs
      6m 14s
    5. Setting hyphenation and justification
      3m 41s
    6. Understanding widow and orphan control
      3m 54s
    7. Working with hanging characters
      4m 19s
  10. 27m 53s
    1. Linking items together
      3m 58s
    2. Learning about style sheets
      1m 52s
    3. Creating style sheets
      3m 57s
    4. Editing style sheets
      4m 24s
    5. Applying styles
      3m 40s
    6. Deleting styles
      2m 7s
    7. Appending styles
      3m 17s
    8. Using grids
      4m 38s
  11. 22m 55s
    1. Building tables
      3m 19s
    2. Importing Excel tables
      3m 13s
    3. Working with tables
      5m 25s
    4. Formatting tables
      2m 50s
    5. Splitting tables with headers and footers
      3m 19s
    6. Adding graphics
      2m 41s
    7. Converting a table to text or a group
      2m 8s
  12. 14m 34s
    1. Building books
      5m 20s
    2. Creating lists
      5m 2s
    3. Building an index
      4m 12s
  13. 23m 18s
    1. Importing pictures
      4m 50s
    2. Working with pictures
      2m 48s
    3. Mastering picture management
      3m 50s
    4. Editing and exporting pictures
      2m 48s
    5. Looking into preview quality and greeking images
      5m 18s
    6. Exporting a page as EPS
      3m 44s
  14. 12m 25s
    1. Working with Photoshop documents
      4m 44s
    2. Understanding the Style menu
      3m 3s
    3. Building picture effects
      4m 38s
  15. 10m 54s
    1. Working with text runaround
      7m 32s
    2. Setting anchored boxes
      3m 22s
  16. 32m 4s
    1. What You See and What You Get
      2m 42s
    2. Describing color
      3m 28s
    3. Specifying color
      7m 13s
    4. Creating color blends
      5m 15s
    5. Setting opacity
      4m 55s
    6. Using color from outside sources
      1m 55s
    7. Understanding color management and proofing
      6m 36s
  17. 15m 8s
    1. Synchronizing items
      3m 11s
    2. Building composition zones
      4m 8s
    3. Working in shared layouts
      2m 25s
    4. Understanding job jackets
      5m 24s
  18. 15m 21s
    1. Collecting for output and exporting
      1m 14s
    2. Adjusting basic printer settings
      3m 39s
    3. Reviewing advanced printer settings
      8m 44s
    4. Establishing print styles
      1m 44s
  19. 16m 10s
    1. Creating and exporting a PDF
      4m 4s
    2. Creating PDF output styles
      1m 44s
    3. Building hyperlinks in interactive PDFs
      4m 23s
    4. Adding bookmarks for interactive PDFs
      5m 59s
  20. 20m 58s
    1. Building a web page
      4m 12s
    2. Inserting hyperlinks in a document
      3m 18s
    3. Creating a form for HTML
      2m 54s
    4. Exporting and importing as HTML
      5m 20s
    5. Building Flash projects
      5m 14s
  21. 6m 15s
    1. Working with XTensions
      3m 2s
    2. Scripting in QuarkXPress 8
      3m 13s
  22. 13s
    1. Goodbye
      13s

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