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A frame in QuarkXPress refers to the border around a picture or text box. You can think of it like a picture frame. There are a wide variety of styles and shapes that you can use for the frames and many of them are editable right within QuarkXPress. That way you can create your own frames. Let's have a look at how they work. I'm going to zoom in on this picture right here and when we click on it, we'll notice that down in the Measurements palette there is a Frame tab and here we can see that there is currently a 2 point solid frame in 50% black color, at 100% opacity assigned to this picture box.
We can change the thickness to anything we would like, we can change its color and tint and its opacity so that anything behind it will show through. The style of the frame could be anything from dots to dots and dashes, to dashes and dashes and various combinations of thick and thin rules. In addition, QuarkXPress includes a number of pre-built frame styles that could be handy is some layout situations. Now each one of these special ornate frames is best to use at a particular size because it was designed to be used at a particular size.
When you click on the Weight or Thickness pop-up menu in the Measurements palette, you notice that one of the items is bolder than the other. Can you see the 24 point is actually bolder than the rest? That indicates the 24 point is its preferred size. If we choose another frame say this one here, it may have a different preferred size, in this case 36 points and that's the size it likes to print at. And if we choose the Certificate it's even larger, 42 points.
So, that's how big it would prefer to print at. Now, you can use the other sizes, but you may want to test to see what it looks like when it prints before you commit to using them in that job. You may notice that a new option appears down here called Gap and Gap Color when you choose particular styles of frames. For example, the simplest-- let's say this dotted one, which is actually dashed, let's make it thinner so that we can see what we are doing here. The frame itself is red, the dashes are red, but what color is it in between. Well, it can be either nothing or it can be another color.
And you can control its tint and its opacity as well. You may have noticed that the frames are all appearing on the inside of the picture box. That's because that's the default behavior in QuarkXPress. The advantage to that is that no matter how thick you put a frame on a box, it's always going to align on the outside edge of the frame any time you try to align it to something. But if that doesn't matter to you and you really want to have those frames on the outside of the picture box, in QuarkXPress Preferences you can change that down under the bottom area where it says General, right here Framing, Inside or Outside.
If we change it to Outside and click OK, then the next frame we create and assign a frame to, will have its frame on the outside of the box. So let's just do that real quick. We'll make a quick box and we'll give it a frame and we'll make it nice and thick and if you look carefully at it, you will see that the frame actually groove from the outside of the edge of the box. I'll just undo that last step so that you can see how the frame was applied to the box. You see it was added to the outside.
But even though you have this option, I highly encourage you to consider keeping the preferences exactly as they were because generally it's going to give you fewer headaches as you are laying items out on a page. The frames that you saw that were available down here are not the only frames that you can use. If you don't find that any of these are to your liking, you can also create your own under Edit > Dashes & Stripes. Now they call it Dashes & Stripes because they are applied not only to frames, but also to any rules or lines that you want to use in your document.
I'm not going to get into the details of all the different ways you can change these Dashes and Stripes, but I'll point out that you just click here to create a new Dash or Stripe or edit an existing one or append Dashes and Stripes from another document that you have created new ones in. If we click the Edit button, you will get an example of the kind of interface that you would be using to create Dashes or Stripes. You give it a name. You click on these rulers to change the attributes of the Dashes. Same down here and same here.
When you are done you click OK and then that Dash or Stripe changes to the settings that you have used in here. Well, some of these Dashes and Stripe styles aren't necessarily the kinds you might use in a professional publishing situation. Many of them are and when you quickly need something like a coupon border, this is a great way to get without grabbing for your Clip Art Library.
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