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Understanding widow and orphan control

From: QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training

Video: Understanding widow and orphan control

When working with long blocks of text in QuarkXPress, you'll sometimes find yourself in the situation where the text that you're working with has lines that get pushed up to the tops of columns, left down at the bottom and just don't look right. Let me show you what I mean. As we click down here to page 3 of this Magazine spread layout in the Petstumes Project, you can see that this 3 column block of text has a few lines up at the top here with most of the paragraph hanging around down here. Well, the situation gets even worse if we say resize this little guy here and suddenly you've got one word at the top of this column, never a good thing.

Understanding widow and orphan control

When working with long blocks of text in QuarkXPress, you'll sometimes find yourself in the situation where the text that you're working with has lines that get pushed up to the tops of columns, left down at the bottom and just don't look right. Let me show you what I mean. As we click down here to page 3 of this Magazine spread layout in the Petstumes Project, you can see that this 3 column block of text has a few lines up at the top here with most of the paragraph hanging around down here. Well, the situation gets even worse if we say resize this little guy here and suddenly you've got one word at the top of this column, never a good thing.

There's a paragraph attribute that could control that, so that it doesn't happen. Let's have a look at what it is. Under the Style menu is Formats and when you open the Formats dialog, right here is Keep Lines Together and it does what it says. If you enable it, you can either have it keep all of the lines in the paragraph together which isn't really appropriate for what we've got right here or you can say starting with the first two lines and ending with the last two lines, make sure that they're always altogether.

In other words, make sure that the first two lines always appear at the top or the bottom of a column and make sure that the last two lines of the paragraph will also appear at the top or bottom of a column. Even if it means forcing a paragraph to break across columns or across text boxes. Another way to control this kind of thing is with the Keep with Next paragraph control. If we enable that, it forces this paragraph to always be with the next paragraph. Now, that's almost useless for what we're doing here, but if you had a subhead or a headline that really needed to keep with the story that went after it, this would make it so that headline or subhead always appeared with the story, even if that story were to begin at the top of a column.

It would move that headline to be attached to the story that goes with it. So, we'll turn that off for right, but keep this selected here. When we click the Apply button, we see that Texas is no longer by itself at the top of that column, but instead, QuarkXPress forced that paragraph to break early to keep the two lines up at the top. Now, let's cancel out of that, because I want to show you another tool in QuarkXPress that helps you find these kinds of problems. It's under the Utilities menu and it's called Line Check.

Now, Line Check can look for a lot of different things. So, under Search Criteria, you tell it what you want it to look for. Widows and Orphans are what we're dealing with right now. They're called Widows and Orphans for historical reasons, but basically a Widow is like Texas up here. It's aligned all by itself at the top of a column or a text box that belongs with the paragraph somewhere else. An Orphan would be the first line of a paragraph at the bottom of a column or a text box that really should be with the rest of its paragraph farther on down the line.

You don't have to know the difference. It doesn't matter. If you select Widow and Orphan and click OK, you can then go back to the Utilities menu and back to Line Check and say show me the First Line in my layout that has that problem. Bingo! It highlights Texas. Now, it doesn't help you fix it, but it helps you find it. So now, if we go back to our Style menu and go to Formats and change it, so that we're keeping the first and last two lines together, click OK, we solved our problem.

Now, one thing to remember is that when you're in the Format dialog box, all of these paragraph attributes can be added to paragraph styles. So, if you're using styles or style sheets, when you're formatting your paragraphs, by including things like Keep Lines Together in the style, you'll guarantee that the text throughout your document won't have the kinds of problems that we just encountered.

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This video is part of

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QuarkXPress 8 Essential Training

120 video lessons · 8421 viewers

Jay Nelson
Author

 
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  1. 5m 17s
    1. Welcome
      51s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
    3. What is QuarkXPress?
      3m 32s
  2. 39m 1s
    1. Getting started
      2m 26s
    2. Managing files in Quark
      9m 52s
    3. Exploring the QuarkXPress interface
      11m 22s
    4. Restoring, reverting, and undoing
      4m 9s
    5. Navigating your layout
      6m 45s
    6. Adding and moving pages
      4m 27s
  3. 51m 57s
    1. Understanding items and contents
      4m 54s
    2. Making boxes and lines
      6m 32s
    3. Putting text on a path
      8m 48s
    4. Moving and locking items
      1m 44s
    5. Resizing, reshaping, rotating, and flipping items
      2m 33s
    6. Duplicating items
      3m 25s
    7. Deleting items
      1m 49s
    8. Using the Bézier Pen tool
      4m 20s
    9. Converting text to boxes
      2m 4s
    10. Understanding relationships between items
      4m 53s
    11. Merging shapes
      2m 1s
    12. Setting item styles
      5m 13s
    13. Using Item Find/Change
      3m 41s
  4. 30m 55s
    1. Reviewing the Layers palette
      8m 12s
    2. Utilizing guides and rulers
      4m 16s
    3. Understanding Guide Manager Pro
      5m 24s
    4. Using frames, dashes, and stripes
      4m 57s
    5. Setting libraries
      5m 18s
    6. Appending settings
      2m 48s
  5. 39m 57s
    1. Building a new layout
      3m 40s
    2. Creating projects and layouts
      4m 48s
    3. Working with Master Pages
      2m 44s
    4. Creating automatic text boxes
      3m 15s
    5. Working with Master Pages and Layout Pages
      5m 15s
    6. Making pages
      6m 1s
    7. Modifying your pages
      2m 5s
    8. Using automatic page insertion
      2m 44s
    9. Using automatic page numbering and "continued"
      4m 45s
    10. Working with sections and page numbering
      3m 29s
    11. Building with multipage spreads
      1m 11s
  6. 25m 5s
    1. Navigating through a layout
      1m 49s
    2. Selecting text
      4m 41s
    3. Deleting text
      1m 4s
    4. Changing text case
      59s
    5. Importing text
      4m 39s
    6. Exporting text
      2m 52s
    7. Showing invisible characters
      2m 6s
    8. Using the Glyph panel
      4m 27s
    9. Working with ligatures
      2m 28s
  7. 10m 50s
    1. Finding and changing
      6m 3s
    2. Using Spell Check
      4m 47s
  8. 35m 27s
    1. Understanding basic character formatting
      4m 15s
    2. Setting color, shade, and transparency
      2m 36s
    3. Using horizontal and vertical scaling
      3m 55s
    4. Setting kerning and tracking
      7m 38s
    5. Inserting typographic special effects
      7m 53s
    6. Adjusting font preferences and open-type fonts
      5m 32s
    7. Finding a missing font
      3m 38s
  9. 29m 29s
    1. Applying basic paragraph formatting
      3m 10s
    2. Applying leading to paragraphs
      5m 7s
    3. Establishing paragraph rules
      3m 4s
    4. Setting tabs
      6m 14s
    5. Setting hyphenation and justification
      3m 41s
    6. Understanding widow and orphan control
      3m 54s
    7. Working with hanging characters
      4m 19s
  10. 27m 53s
    1. Linking items together
      3m 58s
    2. Learning about style sheets
      1m 52s
    3. Creating style sheets
      3m 57s
    4. Editing style sheets
      4m 24s
    5. Applying styles
      3m 40s
    6. Deleting styles
      2m 7s
    7. Appending styles
      3m 17s
    8. Using grids
      4m 38s
  11. 22m 55s
    1. Building tables
      3m 19s
    2. Importing Excel tables
      3m 13s
    3. Working with tables
      5m 25s
    4. Formatting tables
      2m 50s
    5. Splitting tables with headers and footers
      3m 19s
    6. Adding graphics
      2m 41s
    7. Converting a table to text or a group
      2m 8s
  12. 14m 34s
    1. Building books
      5m 20s
    2. Creating lists
      5m 2s
    3. Building an index
      4m 12s
  13. 23m 18s
    1. Importing pictures
      4m 50s
    2. Working with pictures
      2m 48s
    3. Mastering picture management
      3m 50s
    4. Editing and exporting pictures
      2m 48s
    5. Looking into preview quality and greeking images
      5m 18s
    6. Exporting a page as EPS
      3m 44s
  14. 12m 25s
    1. Working with Photoshop documents
      4m 44s
    2. Understanding the Style menu
      3m 3s
    3. Building picture effects
      4m 38s
  15. 10m 54s
    1. Working with text runaround
      7m 32s
    2. Setting anchored boxes
      3m 22s
  16. 32m 4s
    1. What You See and What You Get
      2m 42s
    2. Describing color
      3m 28s
    3. Specifying color
      7m 13s
    4. Creating color blends
      5m 15s
    5. Setting opacity
      4m 55s
    6. Using color from outside sources
      1m 55s
    7. Understanding color management and proofing
      6m 36s
  17. 15m 8s
    1. Synchronizing items
      3m 11s
    2. Building composition zones
      4m 8s
    3. Working in shared layouts
      2m 25s
    4. Understanding job jackets
      5m 24s
  18. 15m 21s
    1. Collecting for output and exporting
      1m 14s
    2. Adjusting basic printer settings
      3m 39s
    3. Reviewing advanced printer settings
      8m 44s
    4. Establishing print styles
      1m 44s
  19. 16m 10s
    1. Creating and exporting a PDF
      4m 4s
    2. Creating PDF output styles
      1m 44s
    3. Building hyperlinks in interactive PDFs
      4m 23s
    4. Adding bookmarks for interactive PDFs
      5m 59s
  20. 20m 58s
    1. Building a web page
      4m 12s
    2. Inserting hyperlinks in a document
      3m 18s
    3. Creating a form for HTML
      2m 54s
    4. Exporting and importing as HTML
      5m 20s
    5. Building Flash projects
      5m 14s
  21. 6m 15s
    1. Working with XTensions
      3m 2s
    2. Scripting in QuarkXPress 8
      3m 13s
  22. 13s
    1. Goodbye
      13s

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