Choosing a typeface and selecting the size is one of the most basic things you do in QuarkXPress and you do it all day long everyday. So let's have a look at the different places you can go to format text. I am just going to get this Text Content tool here and then click into this text box right here. Let's say we don't like this text being the way it is. We want to make it a little bit heavier. Well, we can either choose a different font or we can choose a different style of the same typeface. Just for clarity, some people use typeface and font interchangeably and that's okay, but generally speaking a font is a particular style of a typeface.
So for example this is Georgia as we can see down here and Georgia has four different variants, Bold, Bold, Italic and Regular. Each one of those is a font whereas the family altogether is a typeface or a typeface family. So now that we're in the Font menu of the Measurements palette, you can see that it displays all the fonts that you currently have active in their own typefaces, in their own styles and they also have little icons next to them that indicate the format that the font is in. There are four different commonly used formats for font files.
One of them is TrueType indicated by this little TT here. Another one is PostScript, which we don't seem to have one on this computer, but if you did, it would be a red A and then there are two variants of OpenType. One of them is based on TrueType and so it has this green O icon next to it and the ones like Garamond Premier Pro you see here have a red O, because they're an OpenType format based on a PostScript font. If none of that makes any sense to you, don't worry about it. Just be aware that there are two kinds of OpenType fonts: TrueType and PostScript fonts.
They all work the same way in your documents and they are all available in the Font menus and these font icons can help you sometimes, because you may have the same font name in two different font file formats and you can choose the correct one say TrueType or PostScript. There may be cases where you don't want to see your fonts and their typefaces, because you know what you want and you just want to scroll down to it. You can turn off this sort of Font Preview feature by just holding down the Shift key whenever you access a Font menu. So now I'm just going to hold down the Shift key and go down to the Font menu on the Measurements palette and you will see that the fonts are no longer in their styles, there is just a simple list of fonts.
Now you can do the exact same thing up in the Style menu here. Under Style, the very top part, this section here is all about formatting characters. So if you prefer to work with a menu, you can do it this way and again, it shows all the fonts and their styles, but if you'd like to get rid of that, just hold down the Shift key when you go to the Style menu like I'm doing right now and they will show up in a plain list. Font size can be adjusted easily on the Measurements palette. Right here, you just select a new font size or type in one that you want and it doesn't have to be whole numbers.
For example, 10.5 works just as well as 10 or 11. When I press the Enter or Return key, it will make that change to the text. Now you'll notice in the Measurements palette this little Bold and Italic button and you can use them together or separately in combination to create like Bold-Italic for example and there is a lot of argument about whether or not that's a good idea. Some people will say no, you must always select the exact font that you are after, say, Georgia Bold instead of Georgia and making it bold. I will leave that up to you and your support people to determine.
But if you do want to use these buttons, here they are. In addition, there is a little formatting button right next to it that allows access to these other kinds of font stylings. Other than the ones at the bottom here, All Caps, Small Caps etcetera, the ones at the top really aren't appropriate for professional level publishing. But if you are not in that world and you are doing newsletters or office correspondence, these can be very useful. If you do apply one to the text, let's say for example All Caps here, it will not only change the text.
It will indicate that an effect has been applied by this little green dot here. To remove it, go back to it, choose Remove All Styles, the green dot goes away and you remove whatever styling you applied under this menu here. Basic character formatting as we just saw is available either under the Style menu or in the character area of the Measurements palette. You can use either approach depending on which one is more convenient for you.
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