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There are several approaches you can take to creating styles in QuarkXPress. You can format some text and then base a style on it. You can duplicate an existing style and change it. You can create a new style within the Style Sheets palette or you can go to the Edit menu to Style Sheets and create them there. The process is pretty much the same no matter how you do it. So I'm just going to go ahead and create a new text box and make a style from it. First one I'm going to do is detach the Style Sheets palette from the palette group over here, so that I can work with it more closely with my text.
Now that it's freely floating, it's a little bit easier to resize it and move it to where I need it. First, we'll create a character style and then we'll create a paragraph style. I'm going to get the Text Content tool and drag out a text box and I'll type some text into it. I'll format it the way I like it and then simply click on the little plus button here on the Character Styles palette to create a new one. I'll give it a Name, Jay's character 1. I can give it a keyboard equivalent if I want to and that will let me apply this style to selected text simply by pressing the keyboard equivalent.
Quark limits your keyboard equivalents to the number keys that are on your numeric keypad. So for example I might type in A1 on my numeric keypad and the little icon here indicates numeric keypad. But I'm not limited to just the ten keys that are on my keypad. I can also use them in combination with the modifier keys on the keyboard such as Shift, Option or Alt, Command and Ctrl and any combination of those. But for now, I'll just keep it blank. Down below you can see the character attributes that will be applied to any selected text that you apply this character style to.
Notice that it picked up the attributes of the text that I currently was working in when I created the new style. But I am not stuck with those. I can change it to anything I wanted to. But for right now, let's just leave it with the attributes that were picked up from the text I was working on and click OK. Now, you can see that we have the new style sheet in the character style sheet area, but oddly it's not assigned to the text that I have selected here. That's an important thing to remember, when you are creating style sheets based on existing text, the text doesn't take on the style sheet until you actually click on the style sheet.
And then you see that oh yes, it's now assigned to that text. You create paragraph styles in much the same way. You can format some text and click the New Paragraph Style button right here. To make it interesting, let's copy some text from this document and paste it right into this box. Then we'll change the attributes of this paragraph by increasing the leading, increasing the size of the font, changing it into bold and centering it in the box. Okay, now if we click the New Paragraph Style button we can give it a name, Jay's paragraph 1, and now we are faced with a slightly more complex choice of options here.
If all you want is your paragraph to look just like the text you just created, you can just click OK and you are done. But the other options in here let you change the formatting of the text before you save it as a Paragraph style sheet. So under Formats, you see all the usual paragraph formatting options, the Tab settings, Rule Above, Rule Below. Let's have some fun and put a Rule Above it and make it dotted and make it nice and thick. In since I know a thing or two about Rule Above and Rule Below, I'll go ahead and give it an Offset of 80%.
Now, notice that yet again this text did not pick up the style sheet that we just defined. To do that, you have to click on it in the Style Sheets palette and now you can see that indeed that dotted line appeared as part of the definition of the style. So that's the simple story on how you create a character based style and a paragraph based style. Next, we'll look at how you edit styles and dig into some of the more advanced features of the Style Sheets dialog box.
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