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There are dozens of attributes you can control in paragraphs when you're formatting them. In this movie, we'll cover just the basics -- Alignment, both horizontal and vertical, assigning indents to the paragraph, adjusting leading, and adding space before and after the paragraphs. If you have this document open, let's switch to the Magazine spreads layout and I'm going to scroll down to the third page. To do that, I'm just holding down the Option key or Alt on Windows and dragging down to see the third page. Now there is a bunch of text on here that we can work with to adjust the paragraph settings.
Now the first big tip I want to give you involves selecting paragraphs, because unlike selecting characters where you have to select all the characters you want to format, to select a paragraph to format it, you just have to have your cursor in it. So for example, if I click and drag like that, I'm going to be selecting this first paragraph and this next paragraph, even though, I'm not going all the way to the end or the beginning of either one. So let's go ahead and work with these two paragraphs. Down in the Measurements palette, you will see a Paragraph Attributes tab.
There it's really easy to control the left and right alignment of the paragraphs. This first choice is Left, Centered, Right and then Justified and Force Justified. Let's see what each one of those does. Left means aligned to the left and have a rag on the right. Centered means centered. Right means aligned on the right and a ragged edge on the left. Justified is what we had before, which is aligned on the left and the right. Then Forced means take the last line of the paragraph and spread it out across.
Really rare you are going to do that. You are more likely are going to use these four all the time. So let's set it back to Justified. Now once you've decided whether you want your alignment to be Left or Right or Justified or what have you, you may want to look at the way the first line of your text is indented. Here you can see that this paragraph, in fact, all of these paragraphs have a slight indent at the beginning. Now that's not done with spaces and that's not done with tabs. It's done with setting and indent for the paragraph. Now if we look down in your Measurements palette in the Paragraphs tab, you can see a number right here.
This number is the indent for the first line of that paragraph. You can either type in a number or use the Up and Down Arrow keys right here to increase or decrease the indent. Or you can use the ruler that appears at the top of the paragraph wherever you have the Paragraph Attributes tab selected in the Measurements palette. Here you will see these little triangles and you've ever used Microsoft Word and set indents in there, you will see that they work exactly the same way. The top little half of the triangle indicates the first line indent. The bottom one indicates all the other lines in the paragraph.
If you drag the bottom one, the top one goes with it. If you then drag the top one further over, it indents the first line. And here is a clever trick. If you drag that top one back over to the left, it creates what they call a hanging indent, where the first line of type is off to the left and the rest are indented underneath it. If you ever get confused by all of this, just look down in the Measurements palette and you will see the numbers and you can always type in numbers to adjust them to exactly the position you are after.
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