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For many users the fine control over typography in QuarkXPress is the reason they use it. In this movie, we'll quickly go into the Typographic Preferences and explain them and we'll also look at OpenType features and how you use them in QuarkXPress. Like all the preferences in QuarkXPress, if you make an adjustment to the preferences while our project is open, those adjustments are going to effect that project, while if you make it while no project is open, the changes you make to Preferences will effect all new projects you create after you have made those changes to the Preferences. Because this document is open, I'm going to go to QuarkXPress Preferences and any changes I make will only affect this project.
The first thing I want to draw your attention to is under Application, Input Settings, Smart Quotes and the Format for the quotes. By default, Smart Quotes are turned on. What that means is as you type, when you hit the little apostrophe character or the quote character, instead of it being a simple straight up and down line, it will used the correct curly quotes that are built into the font. So you'd have an opening curly quote at the beginning, a closing curly quote at the end. What those quotes look like is controlled right here under Format.
In some languages, you will use this format, but if you are typing in other languages you may need to use some of these other formats and this is where you can control that. The other place you want to control your Type Preferences is down under the Print Layout, Character and Paragraph. Under Character, you control the way QuarkXPress formats text when you've applied particular effects to them. So when you choose Superscript as an effect under the Character attributes tab of the Measurements palette, it will do this to those characters.
Same as Subscript and Superior and Small Caps. Now if you make any changes to these and save your project file, those changes go along with the project file. So the next time you open it, and you say apply new Small Caps, they'll be formatted the way you intended them to when you change the preferences here. Here you can control the Ligatures. Common Ligatures are fi, fl, and ffi and ffl, and what it does it replaces those sequences of characters with one specific special character in the font known as the Ligature.
In any case, this is where you control whether that ligature will break at the end of line or not. Down here you control whether the kerning from the font is going to be applied to the text in the document and at what size. And you also turn on and off the Accents for small caps and control the Flex Space Width, which we'll talk about in another movie, and whether you are using a standard Em Space or not and again we'll talk about that later on. But for now, I'm going to cancel out of this and move on to the OpenType features that QuarkXPress has. Now as we know there are basically three different typeface file formats that you might be running into and Quark will show them to you in your Font menus.
O indicates OpenType, TT is TrueType. If we had a PostScript font, it would be an A in red. But what I want to draw your attention to are this OpenType fonts that have Pro at the end, because OpenType can be either a simple TrueType or PostScript fonts sort of wrapped in an OpenType Wrapper in which case it doesn't have any additional features over the TrueType or PostScript fonts that it came from. Or the font can be built in a very complex and interactive way, and include all kinds of magic features that OpenType is capable of providing.
Commonly, you'll see the word Pro at the end of a font that has those extra features. So here is an OpenType font from Adobe that has Pro and I know that it has extra features in it, whereas here is an OpenType font up here that doesn't say Pro and so it probably doesn't have those extra features. But there is no rule about the naming of these fonts. Adobe likes to use Pro, other font companies may use different terms or not at all. But right now, let's explore with some of these extra features are in Garamond Premier Pro, which you may have if you have Creative Suite 4 installed on your computer.
I am going to select all the text in this text box right here and then under the Font menu, I'll choose Adobe Garamond Premier Pro. When I do that, many of the features under this O for OpenType menu appear and the way this works is like this. Any feature that has brackets around it like this one are not included in that font. An OpenType font can contain all or none of the advanced OpenType features. In this case, this font does not include Swashes, which are those big squishy things that go up underneath capital letters.
It doesn't include Titling Alternates or Localized Forms. Now I'll leave that to you to look up what all those things mean and they are defined in the QuarkXPress Help File, which is remarkably useful. If you want to apply one of these features to the text that you've currently got selected in OpenType font, you just let go next to it and a little checkmark will appear. So I'll do that now and watch what happens to the text. It made it all small caps. And these are true small caps, the small caps that are built into the OpenType font and designed to look the way they should with the rest of the font.
One OpenType feature you might find yourself using pretty often are fractions. That's important to remember that when you apply any of these options to text, it applies to all the text that's currently selected. So if you are going to apply a fraction, you want to select just a fraction. For example, I could type 1/3 in here, and when I select the 1/3 and I go down here and choose Fractions, it becomes a true pretty fraction from the font that we are using. Knowing where to control the Typographic Preferences is essential, if you are running into projects that other people have created or if you are working with an art director that really has a fine typographic eye.
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