Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Drawing ellipses and circles

From: Interactive Data Visualization with Processing

Video: Drawing ellipses and circles

The third primitive shape that we're going to deal with in Processing is circles, or more properly ellipses, because, Processing does not have a built in circle function. Instead, if you want a circle all you need to do is draw an ellipse that has the same height and width. But let's show you some of the things that we can do with these basic shapes in Processing. The first thing I'm going to do, like all the others, is I'm going to put the name of the file as a comment at the top. I'll Save the file by hitting Ctrl+ S on the PC or Cmd+S on the Mac.

Drawing ellipses and circles

The third primitive shape that we're going to deal with in Processing is circles, or more properly ellipses, because, Processing does not have a built in circle function. Instead, if you want a circle all you need to do is draw an ellipse that has the same height and width. But let's show you some of the things that we can do with these basic shapes in Processing. The first thing I'm going to do, like all the others, is I'm going to put the name of the file as a comment at the top. I'll Save the file by hitting Ctrl+ S on the PC or Cmd+S on the Mac.

Then I'm going to put in the size of the window. Like the others, I'm going to use a 600 x 200 window, an arbitrary choice, the one that I'm using for this course. I'm going to turn on anti- aliasing to smooth in the shapes. Then I'm going to put in a background color. I'm using hex codes from palettes that I have developed elsewhere. This particular one is 678C8B and be a teal color, in fact, I can Run it and there you see.

Now, what I'm going to do is I'm going to draw my ellipses. Now, this is the first shape that we're going to do, first primitive shape that has a border that is separate from the inside, because points and lines theoretically have no internal components, at least internal colors. So, if I simply draw an ellipse, the command is ellipse, remember if I want a circle, I just make the height and the width the same. First, I need to position it, and what I've done is I put the center of the ellipse 100 pixels over, 100 pixels down.

Then I'm going to make it 150 pixels wide and just for fun, I'm going to make it 100 pixels tall, so it actually is going to be an ellipse. If I press Run, what you see is the default, at white Fill with a black Outline. Now, in this particular sketch, I don't want the outlines, and the way you get rid of those is by the Stroke command. And actually, now if I want to get rid of this stroke entirely, instead of just changing its color, there is a special command for that, it's noStroke. Please notice the BumpyCaps, where I have to have a capital S in the middle of this.

And then because it's a function, I do need the open and closing parenthesis () and a semicolon (;). Now in this case, I also want the center of the ellipse to not be at the default white, I'm going to use a different color from the palette that I put together. So, I type in the fill command, I'm using the hex code again, this one is 8FA89B, in parenthesis with semicolon at the end (;). And actually, if I just Cmd+R right now, you can see that's really how it looks like. There's a slightly lighter ellipse on the background. I'm going to do one other thing though, because, you also have the option of making your shapes transparent through the addition of another parameter in these, it is called the Alpha.

And it starts with 0, which means it's completely see through; you can't see it all up to 255, which means it is completely opaque. In this case, I'm going to choose a mostly opaque value of 200, which means you will actually see some of the background through it, so it's going to be a slightly different color than what it was before. Then I'm going to draw a few other ellipses. I'll just copy this text and make a few changes to these. I'm going to be using different colors for each one of them.

I'm also going to change the coordinates for each one of these and move them over to just 100 pixels each. Otherwise, they all stay at the same Y level, 100 pixels down, and they'll have the same height and width. So, I Save it and Run the sketch. And, now we have four overlapping ellipses. You can see that they are slightly transparent, you can see through each of them. Now, there is one interesting thing I mentioned earlier; all of these were drawn from their center coordinates, that's the first two coordinates I give in the ellipse command, are the X and the Y for the center of the ellipse.

There are other ways of placing the ellipse. If for instance, you had a situation where you wanted to place it by the top left corner, if you drew a bounding box around the ellipse, you could do that as well. Let me show you how that works. I'm going to come down here and I'm going to type in ellipseMode and that means how it is positioned. And I put in parenthesis now, I have to put this one in all caps and put CORNER; and then I'm going to put in the Fill again for another ellipse and then I'll put the coordinates.

But, this time I'm drawing it from the top left of the bounding box. And this one, I'm going to make circular. I'll Save it all and press Run. Now, you can see a couple of interesting things here. Number one, it is circular. Number two, it goes off of the display window. You can give coordinates that are completely off the window. Processing will still draw them, you just won't see them. Similarly, you have the option of drawing a display window that's much bigger than your screen, again Processing will do it, you just won't be able to see it.

So you do need to be careful about how you position things, because it will go ahead and do it, even if theoretically it wouldn't be visible. Anyhow, this is the third of the primitive shapes that we're doing with Processing, circles or ellipses which can also be drawn as circles.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Interactive Data Visualization with Processing
Interactive Data Visualization with Processing

72 video lessons · 12098 viewers

Barton Poulson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 3m 16s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. What you should know
      1m 22s
    3. Using the exercise files
      56s
  2. 11m 51s
    1. Overview of data visualization
      11m 51s
  3. 11m 53s
    1. Installing Processing
      3m 38s
    2. Overview of Processing
      4m 5s
    3. Exploring libraries
      4m 10s
  4. 1h 1m
    1. Basic setup
      7m 31s
    2. Drawing points
      4m 37s
    3. Drawing lines
      5m 6s
    4. Drawing ellipses and circles
      5m 24s
    5. Drawing arcs
      6m 54s
    6. Drawing rectangles and squares
      4m 58s
    7. Drawing quadrangles
      3m 25s
    8. Drawing triangles
      2m 55s
    9. Drawing polygons
      3m 37s
    10. Drawing simple curves
      4m 54s
    11. Drawing complex curves
      6m 46s
    12. Drawing Bézier curves
      5m 38s
  5. 54m 3s
    1. Introduction to variables
      10m 44s
    2. Understanding variable scope
      6m 53s
    3. Modifying variables
      9m 8s
    4. Creating arrays
      9m 53s
    5. Modifying arrays
      6m 37s
    6. Creating strings
      7m 3s
    7. Modifying strings
      3m 45s
  6. 1h 2m
    1. Incorporating randomness
      7m 59s
    2. Using Perlin noise
      4m 24s
    3. Shuffling with Java
      3m 30s
    4. Specifying line attributes
      8m 2s
    5. Changing placement modes
      5m 45s
    6. Understanding color attributes and functions
      4m 16s
    7. Exploring color spaces
      7m 44s
    8. Using color palettes
      7m 5s
    9. Transforming the grid
      8m 38s
    10. Exploring the attribute matrix
      5m 33s
  7. 52m 7s
    1. Building code blocks
      5m 57s
    2. Writing a while loop
      3m 52s
    3. Using for loops
      5m 35s
    4. Creating conditionals
      14m 50s
    5. Working with easing
      10m 51s
    6. Creating spirals
      11m 2s
  8. 18m 55s
    1. Mouse tracking
      3m 54s
    2. Hovering and clicking
      11m 16s
    3. Understanding keyboard interaction
      3m 45s
  9. 27m 32s
    1. Specifying fonts
      6m 43s
    2. Using images
      5m 51s
    3. Playing a video loop
      6m 20s
    4. Exporting video
      3m 47s
    5. Adding sound
      4m 51s
  10. 20m 49s
    1. Creating functions
      11m 48s
    2. Creating classes and objects
      9m 1s
  11. 31m 10s
    1. Using embedded data
      5m 26s
    2. Working with appended text data
      6m 4s
    3. Working with appended tabular data
      10m 26s
    4. Reading XML data
      9m 14s
  12. 48m 17s
    1. Generating dot plots
      11m 11s
    2. Building scatter plots
      10m 0s
    3. Making line plots
      9m 55s
    4. Creating bar charts
      9m 12s
    5. Checking out examples of maps, hierarchies, and networks
      7m 59s
  13. 20m 57s
    1. Introducing some principles of 2D design
      13m 44s
    2. Understanding color theory
      7m 13s
  14. 24m 46s
    1. Interacting with zooming, rotating, and sliding
      6m 26s
    2. Implementing slicing
      6m 47s
    3. Using rollovers
      5m 58s
    4. Introducing the GUI libraries
      5m 35s
  15. 10m 35s
    1. Sharing via OpenProcessing and other sites
      3m 19s
    2. Saving as a desktop application
      2m 42s
    3. Saving as JavaScript
      1m 47s
    4. Saving as an Android application
      2m 47s
  16. 2m 38s
    1. Where to go from here
      2m 38s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Interactive Data Visualization with Processing.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.