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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training with musician and producer David Franz illuminates the process of recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Avid Pro Tools, the industry-standard software for music and postproduction. The course covers recording live audio and adding effects on the fly, creating music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, editing for time and pitch manipulation, creating a musical score, and mixing and mastering a track.
Many of the MIDI-editing features found in the MIDI Operations window can also be edited in real time while the session is playing, using the MIDI Real-Time properties. We can access those in the Edit window. If we go down to the Edit window view selector, I'll click on this and choose Real-Time Properties. As you can see here, there are five of them per track: Quantization, Duration, Delay, Velocity, and Transpose. And these are essentially lite versions of the Quantize, Change Duration, Change Velocity, and Transpose functions in the MIDI Operations window. Let's talk about them specifically.
First I'll start with Delay. Delay allows you to push the MIDI data on a track forward or back in time by a specified number of ticks or milliseconds, and we use this to delay or advance the data. So what I'm going to do here is get the Grabber tool, select this part of the track, and solo it. I'll start playing it, and then I'll add some delay, and you'll see the notes move in real time. (Music Playing) Now if you don't actually want to see how the Real-Time Properties are altering your data, you can go to Setup > Preferences, and on the MIDI page you can uncheck Display Events as Modified by Real-Time Properties.
However, I like to keep that checked so that I know what's actually happening in real time on my tracks. I'll zoom out. Let's talk about some of these other real-time properties. I am going to go to the piano track, and we'll talk about the Transpose. Let's listen to the piano track for second, and I'm going to transpose it in real time. (Music Playing) So I just transposed it over a number of different octaves in real time. You can also transpose by semitones using this field.
Now we'll go to Velocity. Velocity enables you to change the dynamics of the track. So let's check out the Velocity Track view and we'll see our velocity stocks over here. If I change the velocity percentage then you'll see how the velocity stocks change in real time and how it affects the overall sound of the piano part. (Music Playing) As I raise the velocity percentage, the piano part was played much harder with larger dynamic range, and then when I brought down the velocity, you could see that the velocity stocks got pretty short and it was played much quieter.
Now I'm going to switch back to Notes view and scroll up so we can see these notes, I am going to hit the Duration button, and I'm going to show you how to change the duration of these notes so they'll be longer or shorter. (Music Playing) When I increase the duration like you just saw, the notes have a lot more sustain and become less staccato, like there are in the original performance.
Now let's try our quantization. I am going to do that on the drums. So I'm going to add some swing to this drum track. So I am just going to go ahead and play this track and we're going to add swing in real time. (Music Playing) So this is a great way to figure out how much swing to apply to a track in real time.
And obviously you can apply all five of these properties in real time to every single track, if you want to see how they affect the track. And speaking of that, you can apply these real-time properties to entire tracks like we've just done here or only to specific clips. To choose, we can go to Event > MIDI Real-Time Properties. And we've got the Real-Time Properties window that opens up. Within the Real-Time Properties window, I can choose to apply these to either clips or the entire track, and when these real-time properties are applied to an entire track, then you see these little Ts in each of the clips.
However, if I go and change any of these parameters, you'll see that a little R shows up in the clip, and now I can up into this window and click Write to Clip, and that will apply that to this clip. So there you go. Instead of working with the Event Operations window in non-real time, you can turn these real-time properties on or off at will, and also alter your MIDI performances while you're listening to the tracks in real time. So tweak these parameters to your heart's content, without worrying about permanently affecting the underlying MIDI performance data.
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