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Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data

From: Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

Video: Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data

When editing MIDI data, each edit tool assists in different functions. Let's look at what each edit tool can do. I will start with the Grabber. Just like with audio clips, the Grabber tool can select and move entire MIDI clips. You can just click and drag and that will move the entire clip over. I am going to undo that. If you press Option on a Mac or Alt on windows, then you can click and drag copies of a clip, like this. I will also undo that. If I switch over to Notes view, I can highlight particular notes just by clicking on them. (Music Playing) To select multiple notes, press Shift. (Music Playing) I can also click and drag to create a Marquee window that will select multiple notes inside of that window.

Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data

When editing MIDI data, each edit tool assists in different functions. Let's look at what each edit tool can do. I will start with the Grabber. Just like with audio clips, the Grabber tool can select and move entire MIDI clips. You can just click and drag and that will move the entire clip over. I am going to undo that. If you press Option on a Mac or Alt on windows, then you can click and drag copies of a clip, like this. I will also undo that. If I switch over to Notes view, I can highlight particular notes just by clicking on them. (Music Playing) To select multiple notes, press Shift. (Music Playing) I can also click and drag to create a Marquee window that will select multiple notes inside of that window.

So if I click and drag, you will see these notes get highlighted. (Music Playing) Once some notes are selected, I can click and drag to move them forward or backward in time. (music playing) I can also change the pitch up or down by dragging them up or down. (Music Playing) I'll just go ahead and undo that. Now you notice when I am moving these notes around in this clip that the notes in this clip are also moving, and that's because I have this button activated up here, Mirrored MIDI Editing.

If you have multiple copies of a MIDI clip in your session, each version of that clip will be edited in the same way automatically if you have Mirrored MIDI Editing enabled. This is a great way to make global edits on loops, but you should turn it off if you only want to affect the current clip that you are working on. So I am actually going to disable that right now. To transpose a copy of a note or multiple notes, leaving the original notes where they are, you can come down here and press Option on a Mac or Alt on windows and then click and drag the notes.

(Music Playing) This is an easy way to make one-note riffs into chord progressions or to add harmonies to melody lines. And to be sure that these notes stay in time with the original notes, you should press Shift when you are moving those notes. You should be aware that unlike when you select an entire MIDI clip, a selection of just a few notes that you make with the Grabber does not include any underlying controller or automation data on a MIDI track. For example, down here we have some modulation data.

If I select some notes up here and then move them, this modulation data doesn't move at all. However, if I go back to Clips view and highlight and move this clip, then you will see the modulation data move as well. It's all moved. I am going to undo that. Now let's talk about velocity. Velocity is how soft or how hard a MIDI note is played.

The possible values are 0 to 127; 0 is the softest, and 127 is the hardest. When you view the velocity on a track, like we are looking at here, Pro Tools displays each MIDI note's velocity value as a stock. The taller the stock, the higher the velocity value. Higher velocities happen when a note is played with more force, like when you strike a piano note very hard. With the Grabber tool, we can click and drag a stock to edit the dynamics of the recorded performance.

The notes will play louder or softer depending on the velocity level. Let's take a listen. I can actually click and drag all of these notes as we've got them highlighted, and you'll hear them get softer and louder as I move the Velocity values. (Music Playing) Let's move on to the Pencil tool. I am going to choose Pencil tool (Free Hand), and now, if I go onto this track in Notes view, I can add new notes. (Music Playing) The notes that I am adding here are conforming to what I've got set in the grid value up here.

We set it at quarter notes. If I set it to a whole note, now if go in here and add a note, you will see that it's set to one full whole note. As I move the Pencil tool closer to the edge of a note, you will see that it turns into the Trim tool, and now I can click and drag to adjust the length of this note, and it moves in increments of the grid because we are set to Grid mode up here. If I move the Pencil tool into the middle of the note, it becomes a pointer, or a grabber, where I can click and drag and move this note wherever I want.

(Music Playing) If I press Option on a Mac or Alt on windows, the Pencil tool becomes an eraser, and I can erase any note just by clicking on it. Now one thing I should note: as we have been making all of these edits here, we are actually hearing all the notes and they are playing back as we move them around. This is because I have got this particular feature active, Play MIDI Notes When Editing.

I can actually click on this to turn it off, but I actually like having it on, so I am going to keep it on. Now let's got back to the Pencil tool, where we can edit velocity values. In Notes view I can come down to the velocity view and click and drag on any of these stocks and move them around. (Music Playing) If I switch this over to Clips view, now check out what happens. I can draw in lines or shapes with the Pencil tool for the velocities.

Let's move on to the Zoomer tool. With the Zoomer, we can click and drag and select over a certain area, like this. You can also simply just click and zoom in one level. If I press Option on a Mac or Alt on windows, the plus sign inside of the Zoomer tool will turn into a negative sign, and then we can zoom out. All of the zoom features work the same with MIDI as they do with audio. And let me just highlight one of my favorite zooming tools to use when editing MIDI data, the Continuous Zoom function.

With the Zimmer tool active, if you press the Start key in windows or Ctrl on a Mac and then drag in the track you can zoom vertically or horizontally. Check it out. If I switch this over to Notes view, you will be able to see the notes increase or decrease in height. And one last thing with the Zoomer. If I double-click on the Zoomer tool, you can zoom all the way out and see all the data in our session, to the complete length of the session.

Now let's move on to the Trim tool. When editing MIDI notes, the Trim tool is mostly used for changing the start and end points of a note. So I will zoom in a little bit on this particular note, and now we can start trimming. And the reason it's not trimming anything right now is because we are in Grid mode and our grid is set to one whole note. So let's go to Slip and now we will be able to trim this freely.

The Trim tool is also very useful for trimming MIDI clips. So if I go back to clips view, I can click and drag and edit that clip. You can also edit clip groups and looped clips with the Trimmer tool. And one other option is to use the Loop Trim tool. So I am going to zoom out and choose the Loop Trim tool. Now if I go towards the top half of this clip and then I click and drag, I will be able to make multiple loops of this clip. And you can see each loop indicated by this little Loop Indicator icon down here.

Now let's check out the Selector tool. With the selector we can select parts of clips, like this, or if we go into Notes view, we can select particular notes. So let me zoom in here, and let's take a closer look at what's going on here. When I have this selector and I click and drag while in the middle of a note, it won't actually highlight that note. But if you start selecting before or right at the beginning of a note, then that note will be selected. So I am clicking and dragging, and as it hits the beginning of the note, that's when it gets selected; however, these notes aren't selected because I started selected in the middle of them.

Let's move on to the scrubber. With the scrubber you can actually scrub MIDI notes. Basically just click and drag and you will hear these notes. (Music Playing) So you can go forward and backwards, and the scrubber is helpful for finding stray notes or for finding notes that are actually missing from a performance. So now we've gone through all the edit tools, and you can see that they each have their own ways of helping you edit MIDI data.

What's great is that they function very similarly to how they function when editing audio, so most editing techniques you learn for audio can also be applied to MIDI, and vice versa.

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This video is part of

Image for Pro Tools 10 Essential Training
Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

108 video lessons · 15398 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 13m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 20s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      3m 22s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      4m 18s
    4. Troubleshooting
      2m 19s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 25s
  2. 36m 55s
    1. Installing and authorizing Pro Tools
      1m 49s
    2. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      4m 31s
    3. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    4. Choosing the Playback Engine and Hardware settings
      5m 55s
    5. Optimizing Pro Tools' performance
      6m 26s
    6. Utilizing Automatic Delay Compensation (ADC)
      3m 36s
    7. Setting essential preferences
      2m 35s
    8. Creating a Pro Tools session
      4m 31s
    9. Identifying elements in a session folder
      2m 36s
    10. Creating new tracks
      3m 58s
  3. 42m 5s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      6m 44s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      3m 11s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      2m 57s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 35s
    5. Investigating the menus
      3m 22s
    6. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 34s
    7. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      4m 31s
    8. Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
      3m 58s
    9. Selecting an I/O settings file
      4m 12s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 46s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and Keyboard Focus
      3m 15s
  4. 21m 11s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      4m 14s
    2. Importing audio
      3m 0s
    3. Importing MIDI
      2m 48s
    4. Importing session data
      5m 34s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      2m 51s
    6. Importing video
      2m 44s
  5. 56m 46s
    1. Recording audio
      6m 13s
    2. Playing back audio and Edit window scrolling
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a click track
      5m 24s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      8m 52s
    5. Recording with playlists and Loop Record
      4m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      4m 14s
    7. Dealing with latency and ADC
      4m 58s
    8. Creating a group
      6m 5s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      5m 16s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      4m 29s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 17s
  6. 1h 28m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 19s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 37s
    3. Using the Trim and Scrubber tools
      7m 5s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and zoom presets
      5m 51s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 10s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 27s
    7. Understanding the Edit modes
      5m 51s
    8. Arranging clips
      6m 40s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 44s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      9m 41s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 17s
    12. Locking and muting clips
      2m 48s
    13. Special Edit window buttons
      7m 15s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 19s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      9m 41s
    16. Using Elastic Time and Elastic Pitch
      9m 12s
  7. 17m 21s
    1. Working with clip groups
      4m 33s
    2. Using time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 37s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 11s
  8. 33m 10s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 17s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 14s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 44s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      3m 14s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 17s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 21s
    7. Using Step Input
      4m 35s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      3m 36s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 52s
  9. 57m 1s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      10m 0s
    2. Editing MIDI data in the MIDI Editor
      7m 31s
    3. Working with the MIDI Event List
      2m 12s
    4. Editing MIDI data with Event Operations
      8m 33s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      12m 16s
    6. Creating and using Groove Templates
      5m 35s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      5m 50s
    8. Using MIDI Learn
      5m 4s
  10. 17m 30s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 49s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      5m 5s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 48s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      1m 48s
  11. 25m 39s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 40s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 2s
    3. Editing automation with the Trim and Grabber tools
      2m 58s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 12s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      3m 52s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      3m 55s
  12. 1h 49m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 50s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 30s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      4m 33s
    4. Utilizing ADC while mixing
      9m 8s
    5. Applying EQ
      12m 43s
    6. Adding compression and limiting
      14m 25s
    7. Using delay effects
      6m 52s
    8. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      6m 24s
    9. Adding reverb to your mix
      6m 50s
    10. Bouncing down a mix
      4m 15s
    11. Making an MP3 for iTunes and SoundCloud
      2m 53s
    12. Setting up a session for mastering
      4m 58s
    13. Mastering a session
      10m 37s
    14. Bouncing down master recordings with Dither and Noise Shaping
      7m 24s
  13. 9m 59s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      2m 38s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      4m 29s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      2m 52s
  14. 4m 0s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 0s
  15. 58s
    1. Further recommendations
      58s

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