Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
Illustration by Richard Downs

Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data


Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

with David Franz

Video: Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data

When editing MIDI data each Edit tool assists in different functions. Let's look at what each tool can do. First, we'll go with the Grabber. The Grabber is used to select notes by clicking on them. You can Shift-click to select multiple notes. (Music playing.) Or you can click-and-drag to create a rectangular shape that will select all the notes inside of the rectangle. (Music playing.) Once they're selected, if you click-and-drag on one of the notes you can move them forward or back in time.
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  1. 12m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      3m 51s
    4. Troubleshooting
      3m 1s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 16s
  2. 23m 41s
    1. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      5m 8s
    2. Powering up and powering down
    3. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      6m 55s
    4. Setting essential preferences
      3m 42s
    5. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 56s
    6. Identifying elements in a session folder
      3m 2s
  3. 47m 10s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      4m 51s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      2m 21s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 55s
    5. Investigating Pro Tools menus
      4m 37s
    6. Creating new tracks
      4m 10s
    7. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 36s
    8. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      5m 54s
    9. Adjusting the I/O setup
      7m 7s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 50s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 49s
  4. 30m 45s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      5m 6s
    2. Importing audio
      5m 13s
    3. Importing MIDI
      3m 56s
    4. Importing session data
      6m 17s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      4m 18s
    6. Importing video
      2m 57s
    7. Unmounting a hard drive
      2m 58s
  5. 1h 2m
    1. Recording audio
      5m 6s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 31s
    3. Creating a Click track
      4m 53s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      9m 25s
    5. Recording with playlists and the Loop Record mode
      3m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      5m 28s
    7. Dealing with latency
      4m 17s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 33s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      7m 41s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      5m 35s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 13s
  6. 1h 26m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 31s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      6m 57s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 14s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 27s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 26s
    7. Understanding the edit modes
      7m 54s
    8. Arranging regions
      8m 38s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 3s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      10m 29s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 28s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      3m 36s
    13. Special buttons in the Editing window
      8m 16s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 11s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      10m 59s
  7. 18m 43s
    1. Working with region groups
      5m 47s
    2. Setting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 46s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 10s
  8. 35m 30s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 25s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 50s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 46s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      5m 24s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 15s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 27s
    7. Using step input
      4m 45s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      2m 51s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 47s
  9. 48m 41s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      8m 23s
    2. Editing MIDI data with the MIDI Editor
      7m 20s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 41s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 25s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      11m 31s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 59s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      4m 22s
  10. 18m 51s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 22s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      6m 33s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 30s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      2m 26s
  11. 19m 0s
    1. Utilizing the Time Shift plug-in
      7m 41s
    2. Editing with Elastic Time
      8m 30s
    3. Editing with Elastic Pitch
      2m 49s
  12. 48m 20s
    1. Working with Boom
      11m 23s
    2. Working with Xpand2
      7m 21s
    3. Working with DB-33
      6m 58s
    4. Working with Vacuum
      7m 55s
    5. Working with Structure Free
      7m 12s
    6. Working with Mini Grand
      3m 57s
    7. Using Midi Learn
      3m 34s
  13. 25m 56s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 4s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 56s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 9s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 6s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 25s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      4m 16s
  14. 1h 40m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 0s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 18s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      3m 53s
    4. Dealing with delay compensation
      6m 52s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 19s
    6. Adding compression
      11m 17s
    7. Applying limiters
      2m 57s
    8. Using Gates and Expanders
      4m 40s
    9. Working with Side Chains
      3m 35s
    10. Working with De-Essers
      3m 4s
    11. Adding delay
      7m 34s
    12. Utilizing modulation effects
      4m 43s
    13. Adding reverb
      7m 5s
    14. Adding harmonic effects
      5m 7s
    15. Renting and purchasing plug-ins
      2m 2s
    16. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      5m 20s
    17. Bouncing down a mix
      5m 51s
  15. 25m 45s
    1. Setting up a session for mastering
      8m 56s
    2. Using plug-ins for mastering
      8m 48s
    3. Applying Dither and Noise shaping
      4m 5s
    4. Bouncing down master recordings
      3m 56s
  16. 19m 53s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      4m 21s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      12m 28s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      3m 4s
  17. 4m 50s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 50s
  18. 31s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
10h 30m Beginner Jul 10, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Pro Tools 8 Essential Training unveils the inner workings of the industry-standard software for music and post-production. Musician, producer, and educator David Franz demonstrates all the concepts and techniques necessary for recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Pro Tools 8. He teaches how to create music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, edit with elastic audio for time and pitch manipulation, create a musical score, and mix with effects loops. This course can help any music producer, sound engineer, or hobbyist become proficient in Pro Tools 8. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Exploring all facets of the Pro Tools interface
  • Setting up Pro Tools hardware and software properly
  • Recording and editing audio and MIDI
  • Comping a track using playlists
  • Importing data and working with video
  • Working with automation and controller lanes
  • Applying dither
  • Archiving a session for storage
Audio + Music
Pro Tools
David Franz

Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data

When editing MIDI data each Edit tool assists in different functions. Let's look at what each tool can do. First, we'll go with the Grabber. The Grabber is used to select notes by clicking on them. You can Shift-click to select multiple notes. (Music playing.) Or you can click-and-drag to create a rectangular shape that will select all the notes inside of the rectangle. (Music playing.) Once they're selected, if you click-and-drag on one of the notes you can move them forward or back in time.

Or you can move them vertically to change the pitch. (Music playing.) I'll undo that. To transpose a copy of the note, leaving the original note where it is, press the Option key on a Mac or the Alt key on Windows, then drag the notes. (Music playing.) This is an easy way to make one note riffs into core progressions, or to add harmonies to a melody line. I'm going to undo that.

Note that any selection you make with the Grabber does not include any underlying controller or automation data that's on that MIDI track. Now what I'm talking about here is you've got some mod wheel data down here. If I move this, the mod wheel data does not move. (Music playing.) The Grabber's also great for adjusting the velocity of notes. Now the velocity is actually how hard or how soft a MIDI note is played. The possible values are 0, softest, to 127, hardest. And those are indicated here with these velocity stalks.

So 0 is down here at the bottom; 127 is all the way at the top. With the Grabber we can go in and click. (Music playing.) While we click-and-drag we can go through various velocity values and we can hear the differences in sound as we increase or decrease the velocity. (Music playing.) Click and edit these velocity stocks to edit the dynamics of your recorded performance.

Let's move on to the Pencil tool. The Pencil tool is best used for adding notes. (Music playing.) All you got to do is drop the pencil in where you want the new note and click and you'll have the new note. And the new note follows what you've got up here in the Grid value. So if I want to actually create a whole note, I can just change the Grid value and the new note will be added. And you'll see that new notes are being added in these other regions too and that's because I've got the Mirrored MIDI Editing on, so these regions are actually copies of each other. And so each time that I add a new note in one region it will be added to the other ones.

So when you go to add a new note, the Pencil tool actually looks like a pencil but when you mouse over a note you can actually trim it because the Pencil turns into the Trimmer tool once you are over top a note. When you get into the middle of the note, the pencil turns into a pointer where you can click on the note and grab it and move it somewhere else. (Music playing.) So the Pencil tool is pretty handy, going from being able to add notes, to being able to trim them, to being able to move them. And on top of that if you press the Option key on a Mac or the Alt key on a PC, the Pencil turns into an Eraser and you can erase the note.

Now in these examples here you've been able to hear every note that I've been trimming or adding and the reason for that is because this button is active right here. This is the Play MIDI Notes When Editing. If we don't want to actually hear the notes while we're editing then we can turn this off. Now we can add notes in silence if we really want to, but I don't see the point in that. So let's turn it back on. The Pencil tool is also good for drawing and editing velocity values so if I click-and-drag I can create a pencil line depending on what the pencil shape is.

Here I've chosen the Free Hand Pencil tool so I'll be able to draw in freely in the velocity automation line here. So not only can we use the Pencil tool to alter the velocities, you can use it to change continuous controller data like the mod wheel here. If I click-and-drag I can draw in right on that controller line. Let's move over to the Zoomer tool. Obviously we can zoom in and out on a track if we click-and-drag. And we can use the single click to zoom in closer.

If we press Option on a Mac or Alt on Windows, we can change to zooming out. And one of my favorite buttons is actually the Zoom Toggle which will zoom in just on this track because it's highlighted and it shows everything that's showing for that track expanded out. And as you may know from another movie in this course, we've got the Commands Focus on, so if I press the E key, it will toggle between using the Zoom Toggle or back to the regular view. So E is the hot key for the Zoom Toggle.

One of my other favorites zooming tools to use when editing MIDI data is the continuous zoom function. With the Zoomer tool, if you hold the Ctrl key on a Mac or the Start key on Windows and drag, you can get this accordion effect but it's the continuous zoom. Now you can do this both vertically and horizontally. But you can't zoom horizontally and vertically at the same time. And then probably one of the most useful uses of the Zoomer tool is to double-click it and you'll zoom all the way out, so you can see everything in the session. So you'll note that here is actually the edge of the session. If I scroll over there's nothing else over there.

Let's go to the Trimmer. When editing MIDI notes the Trimmer tool is mostly used for changing the start and ending point of the notes. And I'm going to go over to the Slip Mode so we can see this in action. So I'm going to click-and-drag. The Trimmer is also very useful for trimming MIDI regions, region groups, or looped regions. Let's take a look at that. If I switch over to Regions view then I can use the Trimmer to click-and-drag and alter the region length. I'm going to undo that.

And we also have the Loop trimmer. So if I take the Loop trimmer and I keep it near the top half of this region, click- and-drag, it will create copies of this region, looped copies that is. And you see the little loop symbol down here at the bottom of each region. If we use the Selector, the Selector will select notes. Let's go over to the Notes view so we can see this. And you can see here that when you make a selection only the notes where the beginning of the note is part of the selection will be selected. So I've started this selection here and these notes are not actually part of the selection even though I have selected in the middle of them. I don't have the beginning of them here.

Finally, we have the Scrubber, which actually works on MIDI tracks as well as audio. And let's check that out. (Music playing.) So that can be helpful in finding notes that might be stray or notes that might be missing. We can scrub over a section and check out how the part sounds. So now we've gone through all the Edit tools and you can see that they each have their own ways of helping you edit MIDI data. What's great is that they function very similarly to how they function when editing audio. So most editing techniques that you learn from audio can be applied to MIDI and vice versa.

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