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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

Using delay effects


From:

Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

with David Franz

Video: Using delay effects

In this video, I want to discuss how delay effects work and how to apply them in your Pro Tools sessions. Delay effects record a signal, then play it back at a user-selected delay time, often called delay time or delay length. A single delay of less than 35 milliseconds is called a double, because this effect makes the tracks sound like there are two of the same part being played or sung at basically the same time. A slapback delay is a single repeat with the delay time of over 35 milliseconds.
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  1. 13m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 20s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      3m 22s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      4m 18s
    4. Troubleshooting
      2m 19s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 25s
  2. 36m 55s
    1. Installing and authorizing Pro Tools
      1m 49s
    2. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      4m 31s
    3. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    4. Choosing the Playback Engine and Hardware settings
      5m 55s
    5. Optimizing Pro Tools' performance
      6m 26s
    6. Utilizing Automatic Delay Compensation (ADC)
      3m 36s
    7. Setting essential preferences
      2m 35s
    8. Creating a Pro Tools session
      4m 31s
    9. Identifying elements in a session folder
      2m 36s
    10. Creating new tracks
      3m 58s
  3. 42m 5s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      6m 44s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      3m 11s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      2m 57s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 35s
    5. Investigating the menus
      3m 22s
    6. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 34s
    7. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      4m 31s
    8. Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
      3m 58s
    9. Selecting an I/O settings file
      4m 12s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 46s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and Keyboard Focus
      3m 15s
  4. 21m 11s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      4m 14s
    2. Importing audio
      3m 0s
    3. Importing MIDI
      2m 48s
    4. Importing session data
      5m 34s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      2m 51s
    6. Importing video
      2m 44s
  5. 56m 46s
    1. Recording audio
      6m 13s
    2. Playing back audio and Edit window scrolling
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a click track
      5m 24s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      8m 52s
    5. Recording with playlists and Loop Record
      4m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      4m 14s
    7. Dealing with latency and ADC
      4m 58s
    8. Creating a group
      6m 5s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      5m 16s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      4m 29s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 17s
  6. 1h 28m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 19s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 37s
    3. Using the Trim and Scrubber tools
      7m 5s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and zoom presets
      5m 51s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 10s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 27s
    7. Understanding the Edit modes
      5m 51s
    8. Arranging clips
      6m 40s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 44s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      9m 41s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 17s
    12. Locking and muting clips
      2m 48s
    13. Special Edit window buttons
      7m 15s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 19s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      9m 41s
    16. Using Elastic Time and Elastic Pitch
      9m 12s
  7. 17m 21s
    1. Working with clip groups
      4m 33s
    2. Using time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 37s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 11s
  8. 33m 10s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 17s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 14s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 44s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      3m 14s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 17s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 21s
    7. Using Step Input
      4m 35s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      3m 36s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 52s
  9. 57m 1s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      10m 0s
    2. Editing MIDI data in the MIDI Editor
      7m 31s
    3. Working with the MIDI Event List
      2m 12s
    4. Editing MIDI data with Event Operations
      8m 33s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      12m 16s
    6. Creating and using Groove Templates
      5m 35s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      5m 50s
    8. Using MIDI Learn
      5m 4s
  10. 17m 30s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 49s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      5m 5s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 48s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      1m 48s
  11. 25m 39s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 40s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 2s
    3. Editing automation with the Trim and Grabber tools
      2m 58s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 12s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      3m 52s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      3m 55s
  12. 1h 49m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 50s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 30s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      4m 33s
    4. Utilizing ADC while mixing
      9m 8s
    5. Applying EQ
      12m 43s
    6. Adding compression and limiting
      14m 25s
    7. Using delay effects
      6m 52s
    8. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      6m 24s
    9. Adding reverb to your mix
      6m 50s
    10. Bouncing down a mix
      4m 15s
    11. Making an MP3 for iTunes and SoundCloud
      2m 53s
    12. Setting up a session for mastering
      4m 58s
    13. Mastering a session
      10m 37s
    14. Bouncing down master recordings with Dither and Noise Shaping
      7m 24s
  13. 9m 59s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      2m 38s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      4m 29s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      2m 52s
  14. 4m 0s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 0s
  15. 58s
    1. Further recommendations
      58s

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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training
8h 54m Beginner Jan 20, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Pro Tools 10 Essential Training with musician and producer David Franz illuminates the process of recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Avid Pro Tools, the industry-standard software for music and postproduction. The course covers recording live audio and adding effects on the fly, creating music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, editing for time and pitch manipulation, creating a musical score, and mixing and mastering a track.

Topics include:
  • Exploring the Pro Tools interface
  • Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
  • Understanding signal paths and gain stages
  • Setting up Pro Tools hardware and software properly
  • Importing audio from multiple sources
  • Recording and editing audio and MIDI
  • Adjusting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord in arrangements
  • Mixing and mastering a session
  • Setting up an effects loop
  • Importing and displaying video
  • Adding music, Foley, ADR, and FX
  • Archiving a session
Subjects:
Audio + Music DAWs
Software:
Pro Tools
Author:
David Franz

Using delay effects

In this video, I want to discuss how delay effects work and how to apply them in your Pro Tools sessions. Delay effects record a signal, then play it back at a user-selected delay time, often called delay time or delay length. A single delay of less than 35 milliseconds is called a double, because this effect makes the tracks sound like there are two of the same part being played or sung at basically the same time. A slapback delay is a single repeat with the delay time of over 35 milliseconds.

Slapback delay times of 35 to 75 milliseconds are good for thickening vocal or instrumental tracks, while delays of 125 to 350 milliseconds are useful for making a vocal or guitar track sound large. Let's go over to the Mix window, and I am going to open up this extra long delay plug-in. Now it's usually a good idea to set the delay time in relation to the beat and tempo of the song. The rhythm you create with the delay can add a nice groove element.

To do this, make use of the Tempo Sync feature, which will synchronize the delays to the session tempo. It's this button down here. Just click this little icon to activate or deactivate Tempo Sync. When it's yellow like this, it's activated. In this part of the Plug-in window, we can tell the tempo of the session, which is set right here, 90 BPM, and if you want to change our delay time to represent a different subdivision of the beat, we can simply click on the note values just down here.

So we've got eighth note, quarter note, half note, whole note, but I am going to choose a 16th note here. Now if we don't want to have Tempo Sync on, we can turn this off and then use this slider to select our tempo, but I am going to turn this back on and utilize the 16th note value here. So let's listen to an example. I'll move this over the side here, and we can see here that we've got an effects loop set up where I have bussed these two acoustic guitar tracks up to 5 and 6, and they're being received here on this track, which is an aux track that has this extra long delay plug-in on it.

So right now I press play, and we'll just hear the solo guitars without the effect. (Music Playing) Now let me bring in the effect. (Music Playing) So you can hear that there's a single 16th note delay going onto the signal here.

Let me play this one more time, and I'll pop the effect in and out. (Music Playing) So let's talk about some of the parameters here. The Gain is the volume level, and usually you'll just want to keep that as 0 db. If you feel like bringing it down, you can, to lessen the volume of the delay effect. We'll just keep it at 0 here. And notice that we're working with a stereo effect here, so we have controls for both the left and right sides here in the Plug-in window.

The mix percentage is how much of the original signal is being delayed, and usually when you set up an effects loop, you want this to stay at 100, but you can reduce it if you want. The further that you bring it down the more of the original track or the unaffected track will be going through this plug-in. So usually you just want to keep it at 100%, keeping the dry tracks and the wet or the effected tracks separate in the mix. Next, we have the LPF, or the Low Pass Filter, and we use this to filter out any of the high end so that it doesn't build up when we're using a lot of feedback.

So we can bring this down lower than 10 kHz if we want. I mean we could bring it all the way down to 10 Hz, and we wouldn't hear anything. But I'll just bring it back up to 10 kHz and now everything above 10 kHz is filtered out. Next, we have the delay length or the delay time, and this is equal to 166.67 ms, which is conveniently equal to 1 16th note at a tempo of 90 BPM. If I change this to an eighth note then that'll double and a quarter note, it will double again.

The depth and rate of modulation creates slight pitch variations, and we'll use these parameters to create chorus, phaser, or flanger effects. We're going to leave those off for now. Finally, feedback sends the delayed signal back into the delay input, creating a delay of the delayed signal. The higher the feedback level the more delays are added, and when you add feedback to a delay, this can smooth out the sound of a track or give it an infinite or never-ending feel.

So I'm going to go ahead and press play and add some feedback here, and you'll hear what it does to the signal. (Music Playing) So as you can hear from the delay trail, there was a lot of feedback going on there. One other cool feature that we have down here is the Groove, and we can use this to add swing to our delay time. And as you see, when I slide this, the delay time is changing, and that adds a little bit of the swing to the repeats.

Now in Pro Tools there are a number of delay plug-ins available, and I've got another one loaded up in here; it's the Dynamic Delay. So let me open that up. I'm going to mute this one this one and open up the Dynamic Delay. Now let's hear what this sounds like. (Music Playing) Now that sounds pretty similar to what we just were listening to in the other delay.

Let's look at why that's true. First, we have the delay set for 16th notes, we've got feedback at a similar percentage to what we had in the other delay, we've got our mix at 100%, and we've got it synced to the tempo. The delay parameters I have discussed in both the extra long delay and the dynamic delay are fairly standard in all delay plug-ins and should be a great starting point to create any delay effect you want to make in Pro Tools.

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