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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training with musician and producer David Franz illuminates the process of recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Avid Pro Tools, the industry-standard software for music and postproduction. The course covers recording live audio and adding effects on the fly, creating music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, editing for time and pitch manipulation, creating a musical score, and mixing and mastering a track.
In this video I am going to cover what the Trim and Scrubber edit tools can do. I will start with the Trim tool, this is the Trim tool right here, and if you right-click on it you can see the three different varieties, we have the Standard Trim tool, the TCE or Time Compression Expansion Trim tool and the Loop Trim tool. We will star with the Standard Trim tool. Now this Trim tool's main function is to shorten or lengthen a clip or a loop, let me show you how do that. All you got to do is mouse down to a clip, and you can click once and it will trim right where you position the cursor.
You can also click and drag to adjust the length, and if you want to reverse the direction of the Trim tool, you can hit the Option key on a Mac or the Alt key in Windows, and it will change the direction and then click once, and you can trim it like that. You can also use the Trim tool to lengthen or shorten MIDI notes, and I'm in Notes view here on this track, so I am going to mouse over one of these notes and click and drag. And so now I am extending that note, or I can shorten it.
You can also use the Trim tool to adjust the clip gain. I am going to go up here to the View menu and show the Clip Gain Line, as well as the Clip Gain Information. And now if I mouse down to the Clip Gain Line, I can click and drag and adjust the gain for that particular clip. You can also scale automation and controller data up and down. And let me show you a cool way to do this. I am going to go to the Selector, and select this automation line.
Now I am going to go to the Trimmer, and if I click and drag I can adjust the entire automation curve, and you will see that we've got the value that it's at, plus the delta, which is a little triangle, and that is the difference between the original and the new value that you've chosen here. The Time Trim tool uses the time shift AudioSuite plug-in to alter the length of an audio clip and creates a brand-new audio file. Let's choose that, that's the TCE or the Time Compression Expansion Trim tool.
So we can use this to time, compress or expand a clip, and let me show you that. I'm going to go down to this clip here and before I do anything actually let me play this, so you can hear the original. (Music Playing) And now go back to the TCE Trim tool, and I am going to change this up massively compress it. (Music Playing) So you can use this for creating a special effect like in this case, or you can use it to align a clip to a tempo grid, or for matching the length to another clip.
Now you should also note that this creates a brand new audio file and you can see that over here in the clips list, and it's noted with this TISH which is short for Time Shift, and that's the new region that it has created. So what I would recommend is creating a duplicate playlist before doing any Time Compression Expansion. Let's do that, to create a new playlist, you just go over here to the Playlist button and you create a duplicate or a new one, but I would probably use a duplicate first and then do your processing.
Another thing you should be aware of is that there are default settings for the Time Shift plug-in, but you can change them, and if we go up to Setup > Preferences, and in the Processing tab we can choose which TCE plug-in that we want to use, Time Shift is the default, we could use the older Digidesign TC/E plug-in but the Time Shift one sounds better. And if you have other third-party ones that are listed here, you can also choose from them if they're available. And now with the default settings, we can choose from a number of different ones here.
For this particular one we could choose piano and it might sound a little better than the factory default, and the factory default is actually the stereo mix default. So that's what you are using when you use the factory default. Finally, we have the Loop Trim tool and what's interesting about this is that on the top half of the region, it will be the Loop Trim tool and on the bottom half it's the Standard Trim tool. So if I click and drag on this region, I am going to create multiple loops of this region, check it out.
Each loop is shown here by this little icon and you can tell also in the clip gain that can adjust each one of these individually too. Now let's talk about the Scrubber tool and that's this guy right here. Now scrubbing is a technique used in analog tape editing where an engineer rolls the tape back and forth over the playhead of the tape machine at slow speeds with his or her hands to find a particular location on the tape, usually the location for a splice. The purpose of the Scrubber in Pro Tools is to emulate this scrubbing process on digital audio.
So we can scrub over an edit point and we can find the exact edit point which might not be obvious just by looking at the waveform. And obviously to choose this tool we can click on it, or we can press F9, and let's go listen to it. So if scrub this area, (Music Playing) Notice that's coming from the left side, (Music Playing) That's coming on the right side of your headphones or your speakers, if we go to the center. (Music Playing) We get the stereo image.
I'm going to zoom in, and now we are back to the Scrubber tool, playing on a zoomed in the area, it will playback slower. (Music Playing) You can also press Command on Mac or Ctrl on Windows to scrub it in even finer resolution without zooming. So if I actually do that here, it's going to be really slow. (Music Playing) And if you want to scrub at speeds faster than regular speed you can press Option on a Mac, or Alt on PC while dragging.
(Music Playing) This is called Scrub Shuttle mode, you can use this mode to scroll through a long track to find a specific part of that track. In addition to scrubbing audio, you can scrub MIDI on instrument tracks, so if I go up to this Mini Grand track, I can actually scrub on these MIDI notes. (Music Playing) Now I find the Scrubber tool to be my least used editing tool.
But the features it does offer are pretty cool and helpful from time to time. On the other hand, I use the Trim tool all the time to edit clips and I imagine you will too, once you get the hang of using all of its features.
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