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Pro Tools is best known for it's audio editing capabilities and the reason that digital audio editing is so amazing is that it's non-destructive. Let's say I start with this perfectly good guitar part. I'll play a little bit of it for you. (Music playing.) And then I chop it up and move parts of it all around, so that it ends up looking like this with edits all over the place. I'll play a little bit of it. (Music playing.) The edits in the second track don't affect the underlying audio file that you see in the first track. The edits are non-destructive. Pro Tools does not actually touch the audio files. It just tells the hard drive when to play back certain parts of each audio file. In other videos in this course I'll show you how to make edits like this, but here I want to explain what audio regions are and how audio regions work in Pro Tools.
In Pro Tools speak each track or section of a track is called a region. You see each of these little pieces here are regions, and each of these regions appear in the Regions list over here. New regions are created when you record or edit a track by cutting, pasting, separating, moving or any of variety of other editing tasks. There are several types of regions that you will see in a Pro Tools session, the first which is highlighted here is a whole file region and these are displayed in bold. These are created when you record, import, or consolidate they reference an entire audio file on your hard drive.
The region up above here which has it's own name because I have renamed it is actually called a user-defined region, and they are made when you actually edit something yourself and then name it yourself. Auto created regions are also shown in regular text kind of like the user-defined regions here except that they have names that were auto created. They are made automatically when you make an edit like separating or trimming a region. A region type that's not shown here is called an off line region and it's shown in italics and there are regions that cannot be located or are unavailable for opening with the session. We don't have any of these in the session so you don't see any. Multi-channel regions reference multiple audio files for stereo or surround sound tracks. They are shown as one region in the Regions list but there is a little triangle next to the name that you can click to show the individual regions that make up a multi-channel region.
When you click a region in the regions list like this, it will highlight that region in the Edit window and vice versa, if you double-click this, you will see that it's highlighted here in the Regions list. So now you know about the non- destructive nature of audio editing in Pro Tools, and about the different types of regions and how they interact with the Regions list. This knowledge will help you understand the editing techniques shown in other videos in this course.
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