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Understanding the edit modes

From: Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

Video: Understanding the edit modes

The Edit Modes Shuffle, Spot, Slip and Grid determine how regions behave when edited by the edit tools. Let's check out Slip first. I'm going to use the Grabber tool. I'm going to click and drag this region. You will note that I can move it freely over top of other regions. I can leave space between regions. Also note how the automation is moving with that region.

Understanding the edit modes

The Edit Modes Shuffle, Spot, Slip and Grid determine how regions behave when edited by the edit tools. Let's check out Slip first. I'm going to use the Grabber tool. I'm going to click and drag this region. You will note that I can move it freely over top of other regions. I can leave space between regions. Also note how the automation is moving with that region.

If I use the Trimmer, I can freely trim without being constrained by the grid or anything else. Let's check out Shuffle mode now. Shuffle mode restricts placement of regions, so that they snap to each other end to end. So if we take the Grabber tool and now try to move this, it will only allow you to snap it to the end of this region here, or in between these two regions.

If I click and drag, it will put it right in between these regions and push this one back. If I trim the region and cut the beginning of this region off, you will see these regions move forward. In fact, all of these regions on the whole track move forward. Let's check out Spot mode. I'll use the Grabber tool, and as soon as I try to move this region with the Grabber tool, the Spot dialog opens up. In this window, we can tell Pro Tools where we want this region to be moved to.

We can tell it using bars and beats, minutes and seconds or samples. We can also tell it to go back to its original time-stamp. That is where it was originally recorded when you first recorded this track. You can just click this arrow and it will set that right there and click OK. The same goes for the trimmer. If you try and trim a track here, you can set where you want the ending point or the start point if you click near the beginning of this region.

I am going to cancel out of that. Let's move onto the Grid mode. When you are in Grid mode, your edits and selections are constrained to the grid and it's based on the time scale and the grid size. So we are in Bars and Beats right now. So everything that we select will start on a Grid Line and end on a Grid Line, and you can see this up in the main counter here. We are on Bar 23, Beat 4 and what I selected was the area between there and 28, 4. So we have 5 Bar selection.

Now, this doesn't just apply to selections. It also applies to edits. So if I take this with the Grabber and move it, you will see up here that it's moving by beats, and it's constrained to those Beats, because in the Grid value over here, we have quarter notes. So there is 4 beats in a measure and it's constrained to moving at each one of those beats. If we change this Grid Value to 1 Bar, then you will notice this moving 1 Bar at a time.

I am going to change this back to quarter note, and if we use the Trimmer tool, you will see this in action as well. I'm going to trim this in, and it goes down by quarter note. Now, there are two types of Grid modes. There is the Absolute Grid and the Relative Grid. Absolute Grid snaps region start points to the nearest grid line and that's what we just saw down here when we were doing all these edits.

Now, if we select Relative Grid, that's a little bit different. The regions move in increments of the grid value, but it doesn't matter where the start point is. It will move in increments of where the start point is. So if a region's start point isn't on the grid, it will still move in increments of the grid, but it will keep its relative position to the beat. So let me show you this in action. I am going to zoom in here first, and make sure that our start point isn't on the beat. So I'm going to use Slip mode to do that.

Then I'm going to go over to Relative Grid and move this along and you will see what the Bar Lines here, how this moves. It's moving in increments of the grid, but keeping its relative position. And speaking of these Bar Lines or Grid Lines, we can activate those or deactivate them simply by clicking here on the current time scale. So there are some shortcuts to get around the Edit Modes. Shuffle is F1, Slip is F2, Spot is F3, and Grid is GF4. You can press F4 to toggle between Absolute and Relative Grid.

Now, if you are in Grid mode and you want to temporarily suspend Grid mode and switch over to Slip while you are dragging a region, all you need to do is press the Command key on a Mac or the Ctrl key on a Windows machine and you won't be constrained to the grid. There is another cool feature called Snap to Grid that you can activate while you are in any other edit mode. So let's say we are in Slip mode, but we actually want to snap this to the grid. So we can press Shift and click on Grid and that activates Snap to Grid.

You can also use the keyboard shortcuts, pressing F4 with F1 to combine shuffle and grid, F2 and F4 to combine these two, F3 and F4 to combine spot and grid. So let me give you an example of this. Maybe you want to be working in Slip mode, but you want to highlight exactly one beat of a measure. So if we Shift-click and get grid and slip happening together, we can go and select using the Selector, that exact beat that we want to move.

Now, if we separate this part of the region, I'll choose Edit > Separate Region, and then use the Grabber tool, we can slide this in Slip mode even though we are also in Snap to Grid mode. That's pretty slick. There is one other key command that I like a lot that's called Shuffle Lock. This mode disables all key commands and control surface switches for Shuffle mode. Thus, it prevents you from entering Shuffle mode ever.

I think that's handy because sometimes Shuffle mode can really mess with your timing if you end up trimming or moving regions around in Shuffle mode and you are not aware that you are in Shuffle mode. So to turn on Shuffle Lock, go up to the Shuffle button and Command-click it on a Mac or Ctrl-click on a Windows machine and you will see a little lock in the Edit mode button right here. So there you have it, the power of the Edit Modes. Understanding these modes is extremely important when learning how to edit in Pro Tools, and I recommend spending some time working with them, and following the examples in this video several times to really grasp their different powers.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Pro Tools 8 Essential Training
Pro Tools 8 Essential Training

120 video lessons · 10660 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 12m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 16s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      2m 30s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      3m 51s
    4. Troubleshooting
      3m 1s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 16s
  2. 23m 41s
    1. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      5m 8s
    2. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    3. Optimizing Pro Tools performance
      6m 55s
    4. Setting essential preferences
      3m 42s
    5. Creating a Pro Tools session
      3m 56s
    6. Identifying elements in a session folder
      3m 2s
  3. 47m 9s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      4m 50s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      2m 21s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      4m 0s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 55s
    5. Investigating Pro Tools menus
      4m 37s
    6. Creating new tracks
      4m 10s
    7. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 36s
    8. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      5m 54s
    9. Adjusting the I/O setup
      7m 7s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 50s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and keyboard focus
      3m 49s
  4. 30m 43s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      5m 6s
    2. Importing audio
      5m 13s
    3. Importing MIDI
      3m 55s
    4. Importing session data
      6m 17s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      4m 18s
    6. Importing video
      2m 57s
    7. Unmounting a hard drive
      2m 57s
  5. 1h 2m
    1. Recording audio
      5m 6s
    2. Playing back audio
      10m 31s
    3. Creating a Click track
      4m 53s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      9m 25s
    5. Recording with playlists and the Loop Record mode
      3m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      5m 28s
    7. Dealing with latency
      4m 17s
    8. Creating a group
      4m 33s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      7m 41s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      5m 34s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 13s
  6. 1h 26m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 31s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 29s
    3. Using the Trimmer and Scrubber tools
      6m 57s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and Zoom presets
      5m 14s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 27s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 26s
    7. Understanding the edit modes
      7m 54s
    8. Arranging regions
      8m 38s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 3s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      10m 29s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 28s
    12. Locking and muting regions
      3m 36s
    13. Special buttons in the Editing window
      8m 16s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 11s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      10m 59s
  7. 18m 43s
    1. Working with region groups
      5m 47s
    2. Setting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 46s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 10s
  8. 35m 30s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 25s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 50s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 46s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      5m 24s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 15s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 27s
    7. Using step input
      4m 45s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      2m 51s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 47s
  9. 48m 41s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      8m 23s
    2. Editing MIDI data with the MIDI Editor
      7m 20s
    3. Working with the MIDI event list
      2m 41s
    4. Editing MIDI data with event operations
      8m 25s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      11m 31s
    6. Creating and using groove templates
      5m 59s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      4m 22s
  10. 18m 51s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 22s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      6m 33s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 30s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      2m 26s
  11. 19m 0s
    1. Utilizing the Time Shift plug-in
      7m 41s
    2. Editing with Elastic Time
      8m 30s
    3. Editing with Elastic Pitch
      2m 49s
  12. 48m 20s
    1. Working with Boom
      11m 23s
    2. Working with Xpand2
      7m 21s
    3. Working with DB-33
      6m 58s
    4. Working with Vacuum
      7m 55s
    5. Working with Structure Free
      7m 12s
    6. Working with Mini Grand
      3m 57s
    7. Using Midi Learn
      3m 34s
  13. 25m 55s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 4s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 56s
    3. Editing automation with the Trimmer and Grabber tools
      2m 9s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 5s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      4m 25s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      4m 16s
  14. 1h 40m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 0s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 18s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      3m 53s
    4. Dealing with delay compensation
      6m 51s
    5. Applying EQ
      9m 19s
    6. Adding compression
      11m 17s
    7. Applying limiters
      2m 57s
    8. Using Gates and Expanders
      4m 40s
    9. Working with Side Chains
      3m 35s
    10. Working with De-Essers
      3m 4s
    11. Adding delay
      7m 34s
    12. Utilizing modulation effects
      4m 43s
    13. Adding reverb
      7m 5s
    14. Adding harmonic effects
      5m 7s
    15. Renting and purchasing plug-ins
      2m 2s
    16. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      5m 19s
    17. Bouncing down a mix
      5m 50s
  15. 25m 44s
    1. Setting up a session for mastering
      8m 56s
    2. Using plug-ins for mastering
      8m 47s
    3. Applying Dither and Noise shaping
      4m 5s
    4. Bouncing down master recordings
      3m 56s
  16. 19m 52s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      4m 20s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      12m 28s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      3m 4s
  17. 4m 50s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 50s
  18. 31s
    1. Goodbye
      31s

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