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Understanding the Edit modes

From: Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

Video: Understanding the Edit modes

The Edit modes, Shuffle, Slip, Spot and Grid, determine how clips behave when edited by the Edit tools. Let's checkout Slip mode first with the Grabber tool. So if I come down to this clip, I can click and drag it and it's not constrained by the grid at all, I can freely move it wherever I want, and I can overlap a clip, or I can leave space between the clips. If I use the Trimmer, it's similar in that it's not constrained in any way.

Understanding the Edit modes

The Edit modes, Shuffle, Slip, Spot and Grid, determine how clips behave when edited by the Edit tools. Let's checkout Slip mode first with the Grabber tool. So if I come down to this clip, I can click and drag it and it's not constrained by the grid at all, I can freely move it wherever I want, and I can overlap a clip, or I can leave space between the clips. If I use the Trimmer, it's similar in that it's not constrained in any way.

In contrast, if we use the Shuffle edit mode and I'll go back to the Grabber tool, if I take this clip, it's constrained to snap to one end or the other of another region. So if I let this go now, it snaps to the end of this region to connect it. Same thing here, you will see this yellow line and it will snap to the clip boundary. Similarly, with the Trimmer tool if I click and drag you will see all the regions on the right move to the left and make up that empty space that was trimmed away.

Now one thing you should also notice is that when you're trimming these clips, the automation, which you can see here, is also being edited. So let me just show you one more time here, when I click and trim this, the automation also gets edited. Now let's move on to the Spot edit mode. And I'll go back to using the Grabber, and even if I just click on a clip, the Spot Dialog opens up, and it asks me where I want to spot or place the clip.

Right now, it's telling me where it is actually located, but I could type in, let's say, bar 20 and hit OK. And Pro Tools moves it to that particular bar. If I try it again, I can say, hey, let's go back to the original timestamp, where it was originally recorded. I will hit that button; it loads it up here, OK. And Pro Tools moves it to where it was originally recorded. Note that you can change the timescale here and move it to an exact time location or time code or sample number.

Now let's go to the Grid mode, and we'll use the Grabber tool, and now when I move this clip you'll see that it's moving in increments, and that was our increments of the grid. The grid is actually set up here and it's at a quarter note, but let's make it more obvious, I will set it to a bar, and you'll see the increments going in much bigger steps. And since our timescale is bars and beats, everything that we select and move in Grid mode will move to the beginning of a grid line, and this goes for trimming as well.

You should note that there are two types of Grid mode. There's Absolute Grid and Relative Grid. Absolute Grid snaps each clips start to the nearest gridline, and that's what we've been in so far. Relative Grid is a little bit different though. In Relative Grid, the clips move in increments of the grid value, but the clip start point doesn't have to be on the grid, it will still move in increments of the grid. So let me show you this in action. First I am going to zoom in here a little bit, onto this region, and then I am going to go into Slip mode and trim this.

So now it's trimmed so that it's not on the grid. Now I want to go back to Relative Grid mode, and use the Grabber tool, and let's notice the time placement right here. As I start moving this, it's going to move in increments of the grid, but it's going to keep its relative position within the grid, check it out. It's moving up or moving back by one bar at a time, but it's not snapping to the beginning of the grid.

As with most things in Pro Tools, we have some shortcuts that can help us get around using the Edit modes. You can choose F1 for Shuffle mode, F2 for Slip, F3 for Spot and F4 for the Grid modes, and we can toggle between the two grid modes, by just hitting F4 multiple times. Now if you are in Grid mode and you want to temporarily suspend Grid mode, and switch over to Slip, while you're dragging the clip, all you need to do is press the Command key on a Mac or the Ctrl key in Windows, and you won't be constrained by the grid as you drag the clip.

I am going to press Command on this Mac or Ctrl in Windows, and now I'm in Slip mode. There's one other key command that I like a lot that's called Shuffle Lock. This mode disables all key commands and control surface switches for Shuffle mode. Thus it prevents you from entering Shuffle mode ever. And I actually think that's pretty handy sometimes because Shuffle mode can really mess with your timing of your clips, and if you end up trimming something or moving something round in Shuffle mode, your timing of your music can get all screwed up.

So to turn on shuffle lock, all you need to do is Command+Click on a Mac or Ctrl+Click it in Windows. And now you see this little lock appear next to the Shuffle mode, that means that shuffle lock is active. So there you have it, the power of the Edit modes. Understanding the Edit modes is extremely important when learning how to edit in Pro Tools. I recommend spending some time working with them and follow the examples here in this video several times, to really grasp their different powers.

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This video is part of

Image for Pro Tools 10 Essential Training
Pro Tools 10 Essential Training

108 video lessons · 15063 viewers

David Franz
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 13m 44s
    1. Welcome
      1m 20s
    2. Exploring the different versions of Pro Tools
      3m 22s
    3. Optimizing your computer before installing Pro Tools
      4m 18s
    4. Troubleshooting
      2m 19s
    5. Using the exercise files
      2m 25s
  2. 36m 55s
    1. Installing and authorizing Pro Tools
      1m 49s
    2. Connecting your Pro Tools system
      4m 31s
    3. Powering up and powering down
      58s
    4. Choosing the Playback Engine and Hardware settings
      5m 55s
    5. Optimizing Pro Tools' performance
      6m 26s
    6. Utilizing Automatic Delay Compensation (ADC)
      3m 36s
    7. Setting essential preferences
      2m 35s
    8. Creating a Pro Tools session
      4m 31s
    9. Identifying elements in a session folder
      2m 36s
    10. Creating new tracks
      3m 58s
  3. 42m 5s
    1. Exploring the Edit window
      6m 44s
    2. Exploring the Mix window
      3m 11s
    3. Exploring the Transport and Big Counter windows
      2m 57s
    4. Using the Color palette and window arrangements
      2m 35s
    5. Investigating the menus
      3m 22s
    6. Understanding samples and ticks
      3m 34s
    7. Viewing and manipulating tracks
      4m 31s
    8. Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
      3m 58s
    9. Selecting an I/O settings file
      4m 12s
    10. Understanding signal paths and gain stages
      3m 46s
    11. Utilizing keyboard shortcuts and Keyboard Focus
      3m 15s
  4. 21m 11s
    1. Using DigiBase and the Workspace browser
      4m 14s
    2. Importing audio
      3m 0s
    3. Importing MIDI
      2m 48s
    4. Importing session data
      5m 34s
    5. Importing tracks from a CD
      2m 51s
    6. Importing video
      2m 44s
  5. 56m 46s
    1. Recording audio
      6m 13s
    2. Playing back audio and Edit window scrolling
      4m 52s
    3. Creating a click track
      5m 24s
    4. Overdubbing and using the record modes
      8m 52s
    5. Recording with playlists and Loop Record
      4m 6s
    6. Punch recording and using the monitoring modes
      4m 14s
    7. Dealing with latency and ADC
      4m 58s
    8. Creating a group
      6m 5s
    9. Adding effects while recording
      5m 16s
    10. Creating a headphone (cue) mix
      4m 29s
    11. Assigning disk allocation
      2m 17s
  6. 1h 28m
    1. Understanding nondestructive editing and region types
      3m 19s
    2. Using the Selector and Grabber tools
      3m 37s
    3. Using the Trim and Scrubber tools
      7m 5s
    4. Using the Zoomer tool and zoom presets
      5m 51s
    5. Using the Pencil tool
      3m 10s
    6. Using the Smart tool
      1m 27s
    7. Understanding the Edit modes
      5m 51s
    8. Arranging clips
      6m 40s
    9. Undoing an edit
      2m 44s
    10. Utilizing fades and crossfades
      9m 41s
    11. Building a comp track using playlists
      5m 17s
    12. Locking and muting clips
      2m 48s
    13. Special Edit window buttons
      7m 15s
    14. Creating an audio loop
      5m 19s
    15. Editing a voiceover
      9m 41s
    16. Using Elastic Time and Elastic Pitch
      9m 12s
  7. 17m 21s
    1. Working with clip groups
      4m 33s
    2. Using time, tempo, meter, key, and chord
      5m 37s
    3. Creating memory locations
      7m 11s
  8. 33m 10s
    1. Setting up MIDI on a Mac
      4m 17s
    2. Setting up MIDI on a PC
      2m 14s
    3. Setting up MIDI in Pro Tools
      2m 44s
    4. Recording MIDI data
      3m 14s
    5. Recording multiple MIDI tracks with one virtual instrument
      2m 17s
    6. Recording options for MIDI
      6m 21s
    7. Using Step Input
      4m 35s
    8. Making a drum loop with MIDI Merge
      3m 36s
    9. Composing with virtual instruments
      3m 52s
  9. 57m 1s
    1. Using the edit tools for editing MIDI data
      10m 0s
    2. Editing MIDI data in the MIDI Editor
      7m 31s
    3. Working with the MIDI Event List
      2m 12s
    4. Editing MIDI data with Event Operations
      8m 33s
    5. Quantizing MIDI tracks
      12m 16s
    6. Creating and using Groove Templates
      5m 35s
    7. Utilizing real-time properties
      5m 50s
    8. Using MIDI Learn
      5m 4s
  10. 17m 30s
    1. Exploring the Score Editor
      5m 49s
    2. Using the Score Editor
      5m 5s
    3. Setting up a score
      4m 48s
    4. Printing and exporting a score
      1m 48s
  11. 25m 39s
    1. Writing and editing automation
      6m 40s
    2. Drawing automation with the Pencil tool
      4m 2s
    3. Editing automation with the Trim and Grabber tools
      2m 58s
    4. Cutting, copying, pasting, and clearing automation
      4m 12s
    5. Turning automation on and off
      3m 52s
    6. Automating plug-ins and virtual instruments
      3m 55s
  12. 1h 49m
    1. Setting up a session for mixing
      8m 50s
    2. Setting up an effects loop
      9m 30s
    3. Working with plug-ins
      4m 33s
    4. Utilizing ADC while mixing
      9m 8s
    5. Applying EQ
      12m 43s
    6. Adding compression and limiting
      14m 25s
    7. Using delay effects
      6m 52s
    8. Applying AudioSuite plug-ins
      6m 24s
    9. Adding reverb to your mix
      6m 50s
    10. Bouncing down a mix
      4m 15s
    11. Making an MP3 for iTunes and SoundCloud
      2m 53s
    12. Setting up a session for mastering
      4m 58s
    13. Mastering a session
      10m 37s
    14. Bouncing down master recordings with Dither and Noise Shaping
      7m 24s
  13. 9m 59s
    1. Importing and displaying video files
      2m 38s
    2. Adding music, foley, ADR, and FX
      4m 29s
    3. Bouncing down video and audio together
      2m 52s
  14. 4m 0s
    1. Archiving an entire session
      4m 0s
  15. 58s
    1. Further recommendations
      58s

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