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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training with musician and producer David Franz illuminates the process of recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Avid Pro Tools, the industry-standard software for music and postproduction. The course covers recording live audio and adding effects on the fly, creating music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, editing for time and pitch manipulation, creating a musical score, and mixing and mastering a track.
The Edit modes, Shuffle, Slip, Spot and Grid, determine how clips behave when edited by the Edit tools. Let's checkout Slip mode first with the Grabber tool. So if I come down to this clip, I can click and drag it and it's not constrained by the grid at all, I can freely move it wherever I want, and I can overlap a clip, or I can leave space between the clips. If I use the Trimmer, it's similar in that it's not constrained in any way.
In contrast, if we use the Shuffle edit mode and I'll go back to the Grabber tool, if I take this clip, it's constrained to snap to one end or the other of another region. So if I let this go now, it snaps to the end of this region to connect it. Same thing here, you will see this yellow line and it will snap to the clip boundary. Similarly, with the Trimmer tool if I click and drag you will see all the regions on the right move to the left and make up that empty space that was trimmed away.
Now one thing you should also notice is that when you're trimming these clips, the automation, which you can see here, is also being edited. So let me just show you one more time here, when I click and trim this, the automation also gets edited. Now let's move on to the Spot edit mode. And I'll go back to using the Grabber, and even if I just click on a clip, the Spot Dialog opens up, and it asks me where I want to spot or place the clip.
Right now, it's telling me where it is actually located, but I could type in, let's say, bar 20 and hit OK. And Pro Tools moves it to that particular bar. If I try it again, I can say, hey, let's go back to the original timestamp, where it was originally recorded. I will hit that button; it loads it up here, OK. And Pro Tools moves it to where it was originally recorded. Note that you can change the timescale here and move it to an exact time location or time code or sample number.
Now let's go to the Grid mode, and we'll use the Grabber tool, and now when I move this clip you'll see that it's moving in increments, and that was our increments of the grid. The grid is actually set up here and it's at a quarter note, but let's make it more obvious, I will set it to a bar, and you'll see the increments going in much bigger steps. And since our timescale is bars and beats, everything that we select and move in Grid mode will move to the beginning of a grid line, and this goes for trimming as well.
You should note that there are two types of Grid mode. There's Absolute Grid and Relative Grid. Absolute Grid snaps each clips start to the nearest gridline, and that's what we've been in so far. Relative Grid is a little bit different though. In Relative Grid, the clips move in increments of the grid value, but the clip start point doesn't have to be on the grid, it will still move in increments of the grid. So let me show you this in action. First I am going to zoom in here a little bit, onto this region, and then I am going to go into Slip mode and trim this.
So now it's trimmed so that it's not on the grid. Now I want to go back to Relative Grid mode, and use the Grabber tool, and let's notice the time placement right here. As I start moving this, it's going to move in increments of the grid, but it's going to keep its relative position within the grid, check it out. It's moving up or moving back by one bar at a time, but it's not snapping to the beginning of the grid.
As with most things in Pro Tools, we have some shortcuts that can help us get around using the Edit modes. You can choose F1 for Shuffle mode, F2 for Slip, F3 for Spot and F4 for the Grid modes, and we can toggle between the two grid modes, by just hitting F4 multiple times. Now if you are in Grid mode and you want to temporarily suspend Grid mode, and switch over to Slip, while you're dragging the clip, all you need to do is press the Command key on a Mac or the Ctrl key in Windows, and you won't be constrained by the grid as you drag the clip.
I am going to press Command on this Mac or Ctrl in Windows, and now I'm in Slip mode. There's one other key command that I like a lot that's called Shuffle Lock. This mode disables all key commands and control surface switches for Shuffle mode. Thus it prevents you from entering Shuffle mode ever. And I actually think that's pretty handy sometimes because Shuffle mode can really mess with your timing of your clips, and if you end up trimming something or moving something round in Shuffle mode, your timing of your music can get all screwed up.
So to turn on shuffle lock, all you need to do is Command+Click on a Mac or Ctrl+Click it in Windows. And now you see this little lock appear next to the Shuffle mode, that means that shuffle lock is active. So there you have it, the power of the Edit modes. Understanding the Edit modes is extremely important when learning how to edit in Pro Tools. I recommend spending some time working with them and follow the examples here in this video several times, to really grasp their different powers.
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