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In this course, author Bobby Owsinski reveals industry tips, tricks, and techniques for producing professionally mixed audio on any digital audio workstation. He offers recommendations for setting up an optimal listening environment, highlights the most efficient ways to set up and balance a mix, and shows how to build a powerful sound with compression. The course also explains how to master the intricacies of EQ; incorporate reverb, delay, and modulation effects; and generate the final mix.
Just like with reverb, timing your delay to the track can add depth without the delay being noticeable. In this video, I am going to show you how to time your delay to the track. The reason why you want to time your delay to the track is because the delay will be noticeable if it's not timed. Now sometimes you want it to be noticeable, and other times you don't. Most of the time you don't, because it gives it a feeling of depth without pushing the Track back into the mix. Many delay plug-ins allow you to sync to the BPM of the track which automatically determines the delay times. In fact, in Pro Tools this is what happens and this is what Tempo and Meter and Groove does.
If this option isn't available, you can time the delay to the track by using the following formula. 60,000 divided by the beats per minute of the track, and that equals the delay time in milliseconds. As an example, 60,000 divided by 125 beats per minute equals 480 milliseconds. This is the delay of a quarter note. If that's too long, you can divide the result of the formula by 2 and get an 8th note delay of 240 milliseconds. Divide by 2 again and you get a 16 note delay of a 120 milliseconds.
You can keep dividing by 2 to get smaller and smaller note divisions. Another way to time the delay of the track is to use the Ultimate Time Delay iPhone app or delay chart found in the Mixing Engineers Handbook. That's how you time delay to the track, which can add depth without the delay being noticeable. Find the BPM of the track and your DAW may calculate it for you, or use the formula or the Ultimate Delay Time iPhone app.
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