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Pro Tools 10 Essential Training with musician and producer David Franz illuminates the process of recording, editing, mixing, and mastering in Avid Pro Tools, the industry-standard software for music and postproduction. The course covers recording live audio and adding effects on the fly, creating music with virtual instruments and plug-ins, editing for time and pitch manipulation, creating a musical score, and mixing and mastering a track.
The Score Editor is where you see your MIDI performances shown as music notation. After you are done recording and editing your performances, you can fine-tune how they look as you set up your score in Pro Tools. Let's check out some of the options that we have for setting up your score. If we right-click, we can add a lot of different things here. We can insert key signatures, meters, or chord symbols. Let's go ahead and do that. Let's say we want to add a chord symbol right here, and we will choose the C chord.
That adds it right here. Looks good. Another thing that we can choose from the right-click menu is Notation Display Track Settings. This opens up the special window where we can look at each track and make some decisions about what we want the clef to look like, the display transposition, and what some of the other attributes are for the track. So we have got the Mini Grand track, and we can choose the clef. Now it makes sense to have the piano on a grand staff; however, if we had a different instrument, you could choose a different clef.
We will also keep the transposition at the regular C see for the key that the song is in. However, let's say you want a trumpet to play this part. Well, a trumpet is a B-flat instrument, so they would play this part a major second below where it's written. We can transpose this part up a major second to D if we want the trumpet to play this part as it is written. Down in the Global section we can choose what the Display Quantization is.
This only affects the display; it doesn't actually move any notes. We can choose to straighten swing and this will unswing swung notes. And this is good if you have some swung 8th notes in your score that are shown as being swung but you might actually want them to show up as being straightened out. For example, jazz musicians would rather see the unswung version and then they would add their own swing by reading the notes. Let's talk about Allow Note Overlap.
By default, Pro Tools only shows a single rhythmic line on a single staff. Thus, if two notes that start at different times overlap, the first note will be truncated when the second note begins. So we can look up right here and see how this is notated before we allow Note Overlap. When we activate the Note Overlap, Pro Tools displays the full length of any overlapping notes using tied notes, so you see a lot more ties in here. That makes this part much more tricky to read.
Plus, it makes your score look much more congested, so I usually keep this unchecked. Finally, we can set the split point. By default, it's usually fixed at C3. However, you can choose Automatic and Pro Tools will split it up the way it feels like it should. If we look at the top staff here, this could be pretty confusing to read a piano part that's split up like this, so we might want to choose a different Fixed value--maybe something lower than C3--so that all the notes are up on the same staff to make it easier to read.
With C2 as the fixed split point, you can see all of the notes up here on this one staff, and it's much easier to read. Now let's go over to Attributes. If you want to set up different attributes for selected tracks than what are in the Global settings, then you can do that here. So instead of choosing Follow Globals, we can set for this Mini Grand different settings than we could for a different track. I am going to close this.
Now let's choose one more thing from the right-click menu, Score Setup. You can also choose this from the File menu. File > Score Setup. In here we can add a title, and we can add the composer. And let me scroll over to the beginning of the track here, and you will see that the score is automatically updated with this information.
We can also choose what to display here. We can turn certain things off, like if I didn't want to show the title and composer, I could turn that off. We can set up the spacing of the score and set up the layout as well. And I will leave these to you to set it up, but this is where you can do it. So there you go. That's how you set up a score in Pro Tools.
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